What to use: "earlier" or "earlier"?

Literacy of speech determines not only the grammatical coordination of words among themselves with the use of all rules, the correct use of endings or the writing of the correct letter (or the correct number of letters) in the word. Literacy speech in many ways implies the correct use of certain words, because often very similar at first glance words have their own subtleties, which you need to know any more or less literate person.

The correct use of a word is largely due not only to its lexical meaning, but also to stylistic features, as well as the context that exists. The use of the words "earlier" and "earlier" no less often raises questions, the answers to which can be obtained by understanding the subtleties of their meanings and peculiarities of use in spoken and written speech. To help in this, both specially formulated rules, and the reading of numerous examples, the memorization of stable word combinations in which "earlier" and "earlier" occur.

Is there a difference in meaning?

In general, the words "earlier" and "earlier" do not have significant differences in their lexical meaning, being forms of a comparative degree from an adverb "early". That is, both are related to temporal concepts. Let's consider the basic meanings of words. For the word "before", the main values are as follows:

  • Before any event or before any moment.
  • In past.
  • First, at first (a colloquial version).

The word "earlier" has the following basic meanings:

  • Up to any point or time.
  • Up to any point.
  • It can be considered as a comparative degree from the adjective "early" (here this value of interest does not represent).

As you can see, there is no difference in lexical meanings. So what influences the choice of "earlier or earlier"?

Stylistic differences

As already mentioned above, often the choice between words is affected not only and not so much by their lexical meaning, as by the stylistic features, the subtleties of their use in this or that context. For a given pair of words, this statement is also true. It is the style of speech that affects what word should be used: "earlier" or "before".

"Earlier" is a more book, official option. This is exactly the word that can be found in the wording of documents, for example, "previously we marked it," "for the previously honored reward." The word "before" is often used in colloquial speech, is used in oral everyday communication. Often consumed in such terms as "ahead of time" .

Examples of the use of the word "earlier" in sentences

For a better understanding of when to use the word "earlier", a few examples of fiction and official documents will be given below.

  • Suddenly, all the fun of a slightly earlier deal was lost, which turned out to be more than successful. (Annie West, "In the arms of a stranger").
  • This building is located on the land plot, which was placed on the cadastral register as previously taken into account.
  • Many scientists come to this conclusion, even those who previously held different positions. (OV Leontiev, "Responsibility for crimes committed by medical workers).
  • Our body, as mentioned earlier, is an integral system.
  • This phenomenon was also noticed two years earlier.
  • Issued earlier money, he dropped everything to a penny, which made her very angry.

The use of the word "before" in sentences

The word "before", as already mentioned, is more often found in oral speech or in fiction, in the event that the author needs to "revitalize" the speech of his characters, fill it with emotional colors. Here the examples will also be no less useful than in the previous paragraph, and a comparison of them will help to understand that as such the lexical difference between "earlier" and "earlier" is absent.

  • Previously, it was carefully opened wide, so that the owl could fly in and out when it suited her, and hooked at the wire hook. (Julia Galanina, "The Missing Sword").
  • Before, I did not know the most important thing about him.
  • Before, I did not give a shit about what would happen to me, but not now.
  • Each of the assistants expressed something of their own, but there was only one sense: "I thought about this before, but about early diagnostics it was said so much that gradually I stopped giving it a meaning." (VP Morochko, "Stones and Lightnings" ).
  • I did not want to tell you about this ahead of time.

How to choose the right one?

We can say that the choice between the words "earlier" and "earlier" is due only to the situation in which it is to be used. Therefore, if it is a question of everyday life and ordinary everyday conversations, then the common "before" will sound more appropriate. At the same time, in official documents, public speeches and literary works, the stylistically high "earlier" will be the only "usable" option, since the speech situation itself does not imply the use of colloquial, reduced vocabulary.

Instead of concluding

The correct choice of words includes not only taking into account the subtleties of their lexical meaning. Often the choice of a word is related to the context, the stylistic orientation of the text, the emotional coloring of the word. Knowledge of such details can provide competent speech, which produces a favorable impression on the majority of people around. In addition, a good, correct speech can be useful in a number of situations, for example, when hiring, especially when it comes to those professions where a person is required to talk a lot with people or often write texts in different directions.

Similar articles





Trending Now






Copyright © 2018 Theme powered by WordPress.