What is feeding? Many people will find this question strange and answer simply: feeding - this is feeding. But with regard to the baby everything is much more complicated. Children's feeding is not just the absorption of food by a child and the quenching of hunger. In the first months of the life of a newborn baby, especially if he is on natural feeding, this is a real mystery, the time when the mother devotes herself only to her crumbs, when they, like during pregnancy, become one. That's why, even if the baby is an artificer, only his mother should feed him, gently embracing and stroking the baby in the process of feeding. So he will feel no less protected than a crumb that feeds on mother's milk. For older children, nutrition should also consist not only in the selection of useful foods, but also in the proper organization of the feeding process itself.
What is the feeding of children? This is, first of all, the right diet, which provides not only the harmonious development and growth of the baby, but also lays the foundation for its robust health and resistance to various infectious diseases and adverse environmental effects. Of course, breast milk is the ideal food for the newborn, and the mother should do everything possible to maintain lactation. The benefits of natural feeding are obvious. This is primarily the unique biological properties of female milk, which has a balanced composition, which ensures good absorption by its children's body. In addition, it contains many biologically active substances, important for the proper development of the child.
Recently, one of the most pressing problems is hypogalactia - a decreased production of milk by the mammary glands of a woman. In this case, the child needs artificial feeding. The main task is to choose the optimal milk formula that would meet all the requirements of a balanced and rational diet. It is recommended to give preference to adapted mixtures, which are approximate in composition to human milk. They contain all the nutrients important for the growth and development of crumbs, as well as the necessary amount of vitamin and minerals. In addition, in such substitutes for mother's milk, the ratio of proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids is optimized.
Features of feeding
What is baby feeding? This is not only the saturation of the child, but also mandatory compliance with hygiene rules. We all know from childhood that hygiene is a guarantee of health. In regard to crumbs, this is especially true. And if with older children it is more about body hygiene, in the case of newborns, special attention is paid to hygiene of tableware.
Often, young moms, trying to somehow save time, put off washing dishes for the evening. It's okay, of course, this is not the case. But not in the case of dishes for the child. Bottles for feeding and nipples must be washed and sterilized after each meal. Otherwise, rapidly multiplying harmful bacteria can cause serious health problems.
Another organizational moment is the feeding time. The whole world is talking about the advisability of feeding on demand. For a child on natural feeding this is an ideal option. Artificial babies should be fed on schedule. This is explained by the fact that milk mixtures are absorbed much longer than mother's milk. The break between meals should be 3-3.5 hours. It is also recommended to cancel night feeding and adhere to a six-hour night break. With such a schedule, the baby will feel full, and he will not have any problems with the tummy.
For the correct development of a small organism, it is very important not only proper nutrition, but also the quality of cooked food. For children under three years of age, the requirements for processing products are quite high. After all at this age, the formation of the body systems is not over yet, and failure to comply with the rules of cooking can provoke the development of diseases. For older children, these requirements are not so strict, but products are recommended to choose useful and quality. Also, you should limit the use of food by the child, which can harm his body: sharp, salty, fatty foods. It is important to know that the baby is best fed freshly prepared, preservative-free food, as long-term storage helps reduce the amount of nutrients and increase the number of degradation products.
Cooking for a child is recommended for a couple, as well as food can be stewed and baked in the oven. However, the maximum amount of useful substances remains with the steam cooking method. For infants, the food should be wiped through a sieve or ground using a combine harvester. Upon reaching a child of 1.5-2 years, you can enter into his diet food that requires chewing. And to be afraid to give a baby solid food is not worth it, otherwise in the future you can not avoid problems with chewing and swallowing. In addition to quality purified water, crumbs after a year can be offered natural compotes, juices, kefir. Coffee, carbonated drinks should not be given to a child. Children older than three years with caution can give cocoa. Necessarily in the daily diet baby should be present vegetables and fruits, they contain the necessary for the growing organism microelements, vitamins, dietary fiber. Give their baby a fresh, without culinary treatment.
What is the feeding of a child? Feeding, properly organized, quality and environmentally friendly products with strict adherence to hygiene and cooking rules is a pledge of normal physiological and intellectual development, the foundation of good health and longevity.