HealthDiseases and Conditions

What is sinusitis? What is the risk of sinusitis if you do not treat it?

There is no such person on Earth who has never encountered a cold. Unfortunately, many do not even know what frequent and prolonged nasal congestion can result in. So ignoring over and over again a rhinitis, eventually the person will feel on itself all "delights" of a disease of a genyantritis.

What is genyantritis

Sinusitis is an inflammation of the maxillary sinus mucosa. Sinusitis is a form of sinusitis. Sinusitis - inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, progresses against the background of an infectious disease. Sinusitis can occur either individually or together with other types of sinusitis.

Causes of appearance

Activators of the disease are very diverse. There is no single cause of sinusitis. However, we can identify the main factors of the disease.

The causes of sinusitis:

  • Infection. With a decrease in immunity.
  • Allergic reaction.
  • Medicine.
  • Predisposition.
  • Vasomotor sinusitis.


The first signs of the disease remain not noticed by man. He simply ignores them and does not take any action, and in some cases does not even suspect the development of sinusitis. Meanwhile, the first signs of the disease - is weakness in the whole body, fatigue, muscle pain, fever. More obvious signs of sinusitis appear much later.

The most vivid symptoms of the disease:

  • Pain in the sinuses of the nose.
  • Problems with breathing.
  • Lack of smell.
  • Lachrymation and painful reaction to bright light.
  • Pain in the forehead and temples (such painful sensations make themselves felt at one particular time of day).
  • Green-yellow mucous discharge from the nose.

The presence of a person such a disease as sinusitis, most often speaks of a disregard for their health or the inability to undergo the correct treatment. After all, this disease in most cases is a complication of untreated infectious or viral diseases.

Treatment of the disease

Sinusitis is more dangerous if left untreated? These are the first thoughts that have arisen after the discovery of signs of illness in the ill. The most important reason why maxillary sinusitis is dangerous is a threat to the brain, since the inflammatory process is located directly near its shell. Due to these circumstances, it is recommended to cure it at the initial stage, rather than wait until the disease goes into a neglected form.

Undoubtedly, the first step of the patient is a visit to the doctor. A specialist who should be treated with nasal diseases is an otolaryngologist. He will carry out an examination of the sinuses of the nose, send it to X-ray and, based on the results obtained, will put an accurate diagnosis. Only a doctor is able to determine precisely, the sinusitis is more dangerous and how to treat it in each individual case. To date, many medications have been developed that will completely eliminate the disease. Therefore, you should not be afraid of visiting an otolaryngologist, because surgical intervention is the latest means of combating sinusitis.

Drug treatment leads to the successful elimination of maxillary sinusitis with a clear implementation of all the recommendations of the doctor. This therapy includes the use of antibiotics, antihistamines. The first are used to eliminate microbes, the latter - to reduce edema of the mucosa. These preparations are supplemented with vasodilating drops that help to reduce mucus from the nose.

Punctures in genyantema

The doctor resorts to a surgical procedure in the form of a puncture in the exceptional case, when a purulent liquid in the maxillary sinuses gathered in a huge volume and is unable to exit naturally. This procedure is performed to prevent complications of sinusitis. Than the puncture is dangerous, at a genyantritis the otolaryngologist will inform before its or his carrying out.

Without a doubt, many people are frightened by the very thought of surgical intervention. However, these fears are empty, because this method of treatment is highly effective, provided that the procedures and requirements of the doctor are observed and followed.

At a genyantritis the human body does not get the opportunity to perform natural processes (breathing, getting rid of mucus). Punctures allow you to resume them.

After surgery, antibacterial therapy is prescribed. It relieves inflammation and normalizes the mucous membranes of the nose.

The sinusitis after a puncture is renewed only in case of incomplete cure.

Consequences of sinusitis

If the treatment is incorrect or completely absent, the sinusitis passes into a neglected stage of the disease. And this is the strongest load for the human body.

What is dangerous sinusitis in neglected form? Inflammatory processes of the disease are transferred to nearby organs, weaken the health of the person as a whole, and the infection can be carried with blood throughout the body.

The most common complications are:

  • Transition into a chronic form. The disease in this form is difficult to treat. Drugs should be taken for a long time to completely get rid of sinusitis.
  • Transfer of infection to the visual organs. This transfer of the disease ultimately can cause visual impairment.
  • Transfer of infection to the ears. Having penetrated, it causes inflammatory processes, as a result otitis occurs. The treatment of this complication is worth a lot of work, since drugs aimed at eradicating the infection do not fall into the area of inflammation.
  • Sepsis is dangerous because of its location, which is not far from the brain.
  • Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges.
  • Periostitis is inflammation in the bones. It is treated only with heavy antibiotics, which are injected directly into the sites of inflammation.

Pregnancy and sinusitis

What is dangerous in pregnancy, this ailment? It is worth starting with the fact that future mothers need to protect themselves from all diseases, not just sinusitis. It should also be taken into account that during the planning of the child, the future father can not be sick too. Since later this will affect the health of the baby.

During the bearing of the child, the woman's immunity decreases. A particularly low level of protection for a woman's health falls on the first trimester. And this is exactly the period when the fetus forms all organs and systems.

Genyantritis of a pregnant woman promotes development in a child:

  • Hypoxia of the fetus.
  • Kidney pathology.
  • Sepsis of the cavities of the brain.
  • Meningitis.
  • Myocarditis.

In turn, the woman herself with the disease during pregnancy changes blood pressure, an adverse effect is on the lungs and the heart. And to diagnose a genyantritis at the future mummy is possible or probable only by means of sonography gajmorovyh sinuses. To such procedure it is necessary to resort, as to the pregnant woman the x-ray is forbidden.

As with any person, the first symptoms of a pregnant woman should be visited by an otolaryngologist. And those who suffer from a chronic form of the disease, it is necessary to be cured, before planning a child.

What is dangerous sinusitis in children

The main distinguishing feature of pediatric sinusitis is the latent course of the first stage of the disease. The first signs of the disease parents are mistakenly confused with a cold, and the true cause of the common cold is seen after severe headaches and fever. To the otolaryngologist the child gets only after the pediatrician has excluded all possible causes of the common cold. Thus, much time is lost before the correct diagnosis is made.

Delay in the diagnosis does not allow to start treatment on time. And this in turn is extremely dangerous for the child. Because in children complications of sinusitis are expressed in the inflammation of the eyes. This is due to the fact that the sinuses of the nose are located near the orbit. At first, the complication visually looks like edema and redness. This stage of the disease is difficult, but it is possible to cure medication. And later the phase of illness comes, when pussy gathers pus, which can be removed only with the help of surgery.

The health of the child must be carefully monitored. After all, his immunity is weaker than that of an adult, so children get sick more often and heavier.

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