We make soap ourselves. Basis for soap: what it consists of and how it is used

The desire to surround ourselves with the things produced by ourselves is justified today. On packages of purchased goods, in addition to the basic structure, we often see a dozen additional, which we are completely unacquainted with. What is it? Chemistry? How these incomprehensible words will affect our health or the health of our children? Means for body care are not an exception. That's why most people have an idea to cook soap with their own hands.

The first thing that a beginner learns about home soap making is that he needs a base, and you need to buy it. What is it and what is it produced from? Does the base for soap contain only natural ingredients or is it full of chemical additives, because if so, will the ovchinka cost?


It consists of natural ingredients. The smell is neutral, and therefore you can safely add to it the fragrances you like, they will not be distorted. Such a basis for soap allows you to prepare transparent and matt brusochki. A great option for kids or people with tender skin, prone to dryness or allergic manifestations.

Composition :

  • Water (up to 50%);
  • Vegetable glycerol (from 25 to 50%);
  • A sodium palmate - a derivative of palm oil (from 10 to 25%);
  • Sorbitol, cocoate - coconut oil derivative (each from 5 to 10%);
  • Decyl glycoside and sodium chloride (each from 1 to 5%);
  • Tetrasodium ethylidrate and pentasodium pentenite (less than 0.1%);
  • Coconut acid (up to 0.5%).


Perfectly cleans, including from cosmetics, suitable for the care of delicate and sensitive skin. Has a creamy consistency and airy dense foam. The basis for soap is white or transparent.

Composition :

  • water;
  • glycerol;
  • sorbitol;
  • Sodium laureth sulfate;
  • Propylene glycol;
  • Sodium stearate;
  • Lauric and stearic acids ;
  • NaCl and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA);
  • Almond oil, aloe vera (in the form of gel) and vitamins A and E.


From it you can make not only liquid soap with your hands, but also shower gels, bath foam, shampoos and hair conditioners. It is natural by 85%.

Composition :

  • Water (from 50%);
  • Kokoat potassium - a derivative of coconut oil (from 10 to 25%);
  • Potassium oleate - a derivative of sunflower oil (10 to 15%);
  • Lauryl betaine and glycerin (each up to 5%);
  • Palmarnuclear acid, benzyl alcohol, decyl glycoside, potassium citrate (each up to 0.5%).

Information about the formulations are common, for each manufacturer they may differ slightly. As you can see, the basis for soap is not 100% natural, as we would like, additives are present in it. But even if you buy such a foundation and make your own soap, its quality will be better than the store one several times. Preferably give organic.

Different types

If you have decided to master the home soap making, you need to know how the fundamentals differ in order to choose the best option for yourself. The tone of choice will be given primarily to soap recipes, by which you will prepare it.


It has excellent plasticity and has a neutral smell. Allows you to achieve bright and saturated colors. Perfectly suitable for making transparent or with the addition of soap patterns. Sometimes it can have a barely noticeable hue, it happens due to the addition of the base oils at its creation.


It has excellent antistatic and air-conditioning properties, it cleans and foams well. It has this color due to the addition to the initially transparent mass of titanium dioxide. Perfectly suitable for making puff, with curls or a different color of soap. Unlike the transparent, will have muted colors and a barely expressed smell.

Where to find

Where to buy the basis for soap? Mostly these are online stores. It is only necessary to leave an application for the selected goods, the order will be sent by mail. If you were lucky enough to be a resident of a large city, then it is possible that there are specialized shops for soap making in it. You can buy not only the basics, but also forms, dyes, fragrances, the proposed choice is very wide.

What else do you need?

So, let's get started. In fact, the manufacturing technology is the same for all types. The main difference is your imagination and the addition of additional ingredients to taste and skin type. Form, color and structure can be set completely. Add a few oils (6 drops per 100 grams of base), perfume (flavor), ground coffee, herbal decoctions or oatmeal, if you want a soap with the effect of scrub, chocolate or herbs. Fantasize and create, because this is your author's soap. And now about what you need to stock up to make soap from the soap base:

  • Purchased base;
  • Flavorings and dyes;
  • Oils and other natural additives;
  • Alcohol;
  • Forms purchased or whatever you find at home (which can be used).

We proceed to soap making

  1. We prepare the basis. Rub on a grater or cut into small cubes with a knife. The smaller the mass, the faster it will melt. The quantity should approximately coincide with the capacity of the preformed molds.
  2. Melt the mass in a water bath (you can in the microwave). It is important not to give a boil basis, otherwise it will become unsuitable. Stir the mass is not necessary, otherwise a lot of air bubbles are formed.
  3. In a completely melted mass we add all the additional ingredients: oils, dyes and fragrances. Mixing.
  4. The shape before pouring should be sprinkled with alcohol, this will eliminate the formation of air bubbles on the surface of the soap.
  5. The finished mass is poured into molds and left for several hours to dry. After your soap is ready to use.

Perhaps, in the beginning you will find useful already existing soap recipes. Over time, you will create your own, and they will be optimally tailored for you personally. Soap, cooked at home, pleasantly surprised by its quality and gentle skin care. And it will also be a pleasant gift for relatives and friends.

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