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Vsevolod Ivanov. Writer and his biography

Vsevolod Ivanov is a writer and playwright who worked in the Soviet Union. Literary critics mark his works dedicated to the struggle for the victory of Soviet power in the south of Siberia. In the 1920s he was a member of the Young Writers' Union "Serapion Brothers". He was considered a master of ornamental prose. According to the researchers, he presented Siberia in his own way, showing her extraordinary and at the same time wild beauty.

Biography of the writer

Born in 1895, Vsevolod Ivanov. The writer was born in the Semipalatinsk region. In a small village of Lebyazhye in Pavlodar Uyezd. Nowadays this region is a part of Kazakhstan. Now the village of Akku is located on the site of the village, where fewer than three thousand people live.

His mother was Polish by birth, her parents were exiled to penal servitude. My father worked in the mine, then became a village teacher. However, the health undermined on the mines could not be restored. He died early. Ivanov himself said that he felt Kazakh and Russian blood in himself, although Russian, of course, prevailed.

The youth of the future writer was held in the regions of Western Siberia. Due to the plight of the family, it was not possible to finish school. I had to learn how to earn money early, learn various professions.

At different times Vsevolod worked as a compositor in a printing house, a sailor and even a circus clown. He did everything to feed his family. During these years he alternately lived in Kurgan, Omsk and Novonikolaevsk.

At the beginning of a literary career

In 1915, 20-year-old Vsevolod Ivanov began to publish in newspapers. The writer publishes his first story. In 1919 he published a separate edition of his book "Rogulki." He independently typed and printed it in the printing house of the newspaper Vperyod in Omsk. The book was published in a scanty circulation - 30 copies.

At that time, it was almost impossible to stay away from turbulent political life. This failed, and Ivanov. He takes part in the revolutionary movement. First on the side of the Socialist-Revolutionaries, then the Mensheviks. Later he joined the ranks of the Russian socialist workers' party of internationalists. Its supporter he becomes in Omsk in 1918.

After the victory of the October Revolution, the party of internationalists joined the ranks of the Bolsheviks. Ivanov's party experience was calculated taking into account membership with the RSDP. Eventually he enters the Red Army. He does not participate directly in battles, he manages the information department in the provincial executive committee.

Ivanov in Petrograd

In 1921 Vsevolod Ivanov sent a special mission to Petrograd. The writer meets Gorky, passes him the recommendations of the newspaper "Soviet Siberia". Thanks to them and the impression that he made on the venerable Soviet literary man, his novel "Partisans" is included in the first issue of the thick literary magazine "Krasnaya Nov." In the fifth issue, Vsevolod Ivanov publishes another of his works. The writer publishes the novel "Armored train 14-69". Later on it was based on the play of the same name.

At first he was a member of the group of proletarian writers Cosmist, later he took part in the activities of the Serapion Brothers. Since the mid-20-ies finally moved from Siberia to Moscow.

Meeting with Stalin

Vsevolod Ivanov - a writer whose photo already got on the pages of literary magazines, in 1932 took part in the famous meeting of the creative intelligentsia with the head of state Joseph Stalin.

Communication took place in a relaxed and chamber atmosphere in the apartment of Maxim Gorky. She also had a few high-ranking officials - Klim Voroshilov, Lazar Kaganovich, Vyacheslav Molotov, Pavel Postyshev.

For wine and appetizers writers and leaders of the Soviet Union discussed an important issue - the creation of a writers' association. Stalin formulated the party's policy towards literature, promised all kinds of help and support. With initiatives, Vsevolod Ivanov also spoke. The writer, whose biography relates to works about the Civil War and Soviet power, supported this idea. Soon it was realized.

Themes for new works Ivanov often sought in the surrounding reality. In the 30 years he went along with other writers on a trip to see with his own eyes the construction of the White Sea-Baltic Canal. Later he joined the group of writers who wrote the book "The White Sea-Baltic Canal named after Stalin: History of Construction."

In 1934 he participated in the first congress of Soviet writers. What Gorky was talking about at the apartment was finally realized. Ivanov became one of the secretaries at the congress. He also received the post of chairman of the board of the literary fund.

With the outbreak of the Great Patriotic War, he was evacuated to Tashkent. Then he began working as a front-line correspondent in the newspaper Izvestia. Together with Soviet troops he reached Berlin.

He died in Moscow at the age of 68 years. Buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery.

Creativity Ivanova

Vsevolod Ivanov entered the Soviet literature as the author of adventure stories. The writer, whose books were published in magazines and in separate editions, was remembered by readers with stories "Colored Winds", "Partisans", "Armored Train 14-69". Known are his novels "The Kremlin" and "Blue Sands", fantastic works "Agasfer", "Sisyphus, son of Aeolus." In 1932 he published the anti-utopia "U".

Wrote many autobiographical works. The most famous of them are "The Story of My Books", "We're Going to India", "The Adventures of a Fakir".

According to the son of the hero of our article, Stalin loved and valued his works. In his opinion, Ivanov was the writer who needed the people. The writer, the story "Dite" who wrote, throughout his career supported the Soviet regime. By the way, "Dite" was one of Stalin's favorite works. The beginning of this story about the defenselessness of human life before the terrible elements of the Civil War, he even remembered by heart.

Personal life of the writer

Ivanov was married three times. With his first wife he parted in Petrograd. His beloved Maria Nikolaevna Sinitsyna betrayed him with a Czech officer and left the country.

In 1922 he married with Anna Pavlova Vesnina. They had a daughter, Maria, who chose a career as an artist. She played at the Moscow Drama Theater. In 1927, the couple parted.

His third wife was Tamara Kashirina, who was 5 years younger. When they were married, Tamara already had two children - a daughter of Tatyana and son Mikhail (his father was another famous writer Isaak Babel). Later they had a common child, who was named Vyacheslav. He became a famous linguist.

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