Tranquilizers - what is it, and how do they work?

Tranquilizers - what is it, and how do they work? We will devote this and other issues to today's article.

General information

Tranquilizers - what is it? This word was formed from the Latin tranquillo, which literally means "reassuring". These are psychotropic medications used to treat many diseases. It should be noted that today, under this remedy, anxiolytics are most often meant, which relieve anxiety and fear. Earlier they were called "small tranquilizers", and to "large" they included neuroleptics. However, these names have already disappeared, since not all the drugs of the groups represented possess a hypnotic and sedative effect . Moreover, some of them (for example, the Tofizopam) have such properties as activating, disinhibiting and energizing. Most of the modern tranquilizers are referred to the benzodiazepine group.

History of creation

To understand, tranquilizers - what it is, it is necessary to turn to the history of the creation of these drugs.

In 1951 they were first synthesized, and four years later they were tested in clinical practice. As for the term "tranquilizer", it began to be widely used in medical practice only in 1957.

The first benzodiazepines, or rather the preparations "Diazepam" and "Chlordiazepoxide", which in effectiveness exceeded all previous tranquilizers, had pronounced psychotropic and somatotropic effects, realized through the normalization of vegetative disorders. They began to be used in medicine since 1959.

Currently, such "anti-anxiety" drugs are produced that do not belong to the group of benzodiazepines. In other words, they are not classic tranquilizers. New agents such as "Atarax" or "Afobazol" have no addictive potential. That is, these drugs do not cause dependence and further craving for their administration. In this sense, they are safer.

The effect of tranquilizers

Tranquilizers have an effect on the body, such as:

  • Anxiolytic;
  • hypnotic;
  • Sedative;
  • Anticonvulsant;
  • Muscle relaxant.

The ratio and severity of these actions in different drugs may be different, which is the reason for the peculiarity of their clinical application. However, the main and main effect of this drug is anxiolytic, or "anti-anxiety". Such an effect of tranquilizers manifests itself in reducing feelings of anxiety, anxiety and fear, and also significantly reduce emotional tension. It should also be noted that these drugs are often used to get rid of obsessive thoughts and increased suspiciousness. However, delusional, hallucinatory, affective and other productive disorders, which are accompanied by anxiety and fear, tranquilizers are not eliminated.

Safety of use

Tranquilizers - what is it? Answering this question, it should be noted that treatment with these drugs can only be carried out after consultation with the doctor and under his strict supervision. This fact is related to the fact that the use of tranquilizers can lead to addiction, that is, to a decrease in the effect, as well as to drug dependence (mental or physical).

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