The Palestinian-Israeli conflict
The Palestinian-Israeli conflict is not an interstate conflict. This is its difference from the relations of Israel with the Arab countries. The political and territorial component is fundamental to this conflict. The leaders of the conflict demonstrate their intention not to deviate from their principles under any pressure. In such conditions, negotiations are an extremely ineffective way of solving problems. As a rule, they are imposed on the parties by third parties.
The basis of the contradictions connected with the Arab-Israeli relations, laid the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. It is still one of the structural elements of these complex relationships. Mutual claims of the two peoples to the territory of Palestine, their history and cultural heritage, language - all this became the foundation on which the Palestinian-Israeli conflict grew. Two people are fighting in an attempt to prove that one of them has more rights to land than another. When peaceful arguments end, military power comes into play.
The structure of the conflict is asymmetric. Its sides are at different levels of military power, influence and mobilization opportunities. The manifestation of this asymmetry is the involvement in the conflict of irregular formations, which, in fact, are part of national movements. Such detachments do not feel responsible for the actions committed and, without having military equipment, resort to terrorist methods.
The Palestinian-Israeli conflict has been going on for many years. Today it seems completely meaningless, since the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1947 proposed the creation of two states. But this simple solution was never realized. The reason lies in the events of 60 years ago. Then the relations between Arabs and Jews became aggravated, Britain began political maneuvering, confrontations began in the Arab camp. This explains why this resolution was not implemented in 1948.
At the very beginning, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict was a struggle not only for land, but also for history, traditions, myths, religious beliefs. In Palestine, it seemed as if the national identity of Jews and Arabs was concentrated, that is, each of them will cease to exist if it is deprived of this land. In this conflict, an important role is played not by reason and logic, but by emotions and symbols. Therefore, like any ethnopolitical conflict, it is so difficult to lead to a reasonable solution.
Radical Islamist organizations Hamas and Islamic Jihad will never accept the idea of the establishment of two states. For them, Israel has no right to exist. At the same time, the right-wing Israeli radicals fundamentally disagree with this idea, since for them it means the need to leave the lands of Palestine.
Any alternative solutions also lead the conflict to a dead end. The creation of one state for two peoples is not acceptable to Israel, since in this case another ethno-religious group will dominate, that is, this new state will not be of Jewish character.
In 2007, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict entered a new stage. Negotiations between the leaders of the parties were resumed. The American president made optimistic predictions about the conclusion of the agreement in a year. But these measures did not give a special result. The parties continued to bomb each other.
Many attempts were made to stop mutual shelling and terrorist operations, but all of them did not lead to anything. Even the coming to power of the energetic Barack Obama, who was determined to improve relations with the Muslim world, did not lead to anything. Today, the situation in Israel remains tense, and there is still no way out of this situation.