Arts & EntertainmentLiterature

The novel "Smoke": a brief summary. Turgenev IS, "Smoke": analysis of the work

This article will consider and analyze one of the works of the famous Russian classic called "Smoke" (summary). Turgenev Ivan Sergeyevich most of the townsfolk familiar, rather, only for his literary works, which for many years are part of the mandatory school curriculum.

Atypical female image

Speaking about Turgenev, most likely, many people immediately come to mind the legendary "Mumu", "Fathers and Sons" and "Asya". But the novel we are considering is different from all the others. The female image of Irina's heroine is not that far from the usual image of the "Turgenev girl", or, it can be said, completely opposite to him. As a rule, in the works of Ivan Sergeevich, female heroines appear in pure and innocent images - they are naive and unspoiled girls.

Irina Osinina - one of the key female heroines of the work, became the complete opposite of the established stereotypes about Turgenev's young ladies. Her image is bold enough, full of ridicule and sarcasm. They speak of her as the possessor of an "embittered mind," which is a kind of nonsense for Turgenev's heroines.

The difference between "Smoke" and other works of the author

Roman Turgenev's "Smoke" differs from his other works not only by the presence of a female heroine with an atypical way for the author. In this work, the protagonist as such is absent.

The central character still exists here, and after reading the work it becomes obvious that it's Litvinov. But for some reason he does not seem to be the protagonist, but only a character, for the everyday life and everyday routine of which the reader can spy from the side.

The hidden meaning of the novel

Some critics write that thanks to this method Turgenev ("Smoke", the summary of which we recommend reading to those who do not have time for the full work) wanted to show his attitude to the "nonshuffle" time that he describes.

This work is really very different from the previous and written after him works of Ivan Sergeevich. It is important to note, considering the "Smoke" (short content): Turgenev himself considered him the only useful, correct and efficient his work. Regardless of what readers and critics say about this work, it is necessary to recognize that the opinion of the author himself has the right to primacy.

"Smoke" (short summary), Turgenev IS

Of course, in order to fully appreciate the mood of the work, it must be read in the original. But if for any reason, there is no such possibility, in order to understand the general meaning, we can limit ourselves to the abridged version.
Events of the novel "Smoke" begin to develop in August 1862, in one of the German resorts called Baden-Baden.

The external atmosphere seemed joyful and sunny. The "select" audience present at this resort looked outwardly pleased, their faces displayed glee. These creams of society very respectfully greeted each other, but then it becomes clear that in fact what to talk about with each other, they did not have the slightest notion.

Turgenev very satirically describes those present there. On their general background stands out, it would seem, the only character - a handsome man of 30 years with a manly face named Litvinov. He becomes the central character of this novel.

Description of the main character

The main character of the novel, Litvinov, grew up in the countryside. His father was a retired clerk of the merchant family, and his mother was an educated noblewoman. In her memoirs it is said that she was quite an enthusiastic and kind being. Her wife, she disaccustomed to abusive words, and her house led, trying to root in it European traditions. All her servants mother Litvinova called "You". In the year when Litvinov entered the institute, she became sick with tuberculosis and died.

The hero himself could not finish university. He did not stay long in the capital, as his position was not particularly enviable: the guy did not have money, and he had no useful connections. Since there was no one to manage his deceased mother, but in the future it could bring a good income, Litvinov decides to go abroad and learns there new technologies and the fundamentals of agronomy. He spent some time in Dresden, and at the beginning of the novel Litvinov is full of enthusiasm, he is sure that now everything will turn out right for him, and he will be able to benefit his edge. In Baden-Baden, he expects his bride Tatiana, with whom she is ready to join hands in a new phase of her destiny.

Typical Turgenev young lady - Tatiana

A writer who is famous for his ability to create in his works the purest female images is, of course, the author of the novel we are considering - Ivan Turgenev. "Smoke", in spite of the fact that the central female heroine appears in an image not typical for the author, did not become an exception. Something bright and clean in it, too, is, and Tatiana, the bride of Litvinov, is his identification.

The development of the plot

While Litvinov is waiting for his bride and time passes in one of the cafes, Bambaev approaches him, as the author himself describes, "a good man, but from the most empty ... who is always delighted with something." He informs Litvinov that a certain Gubarev came to the resort, who is deified for some reason.

Litvinov, along with Babaev, and in the company of some Voroshilov, go to the hotel, where this very Gubarev stopped. The culprit of the meeting was surprised and disappointed when he heard that Litvinov did not have any strong political views. He calls Litvinov "immature". Observing the behavior of the entire "elite" gathered at Gubarev, it becomes clear that most of these people are only gossiping and hypocritical. They also try to give themselves some importance, arguing about what, in fact, they have no deep understanding. Gubarev himself at this meeting was, of course, the central person.

This collection of "freethinking" people treated him as the highest idol, and all those who gathered all the time asked his opinion on various issues. Gubarev responded to all the vague phrases, but his devoted public immediately picked up these phrases as if they contained the deep meaning of all human existence. Litvinov imperceptibly left this meeting, so plainly and not understanding what was happening to everything.

Next, he meets another character - Potugin, who, unlike Gubarev's company, seems much smarter. But he also has his own opinion on the future future of Russia - he believes that everything must be learned from the West. After a long conversation with Potugin Litvinov returns to his hotel room and finds in it a bouquet of flowers. From the servant, he learns that a bouquet was brought and left by some mysterious lady.

Irina - an atypical Turgenev heroine

It turns out that long before the meeting with Tatyana Litvinov had an acquaintance with a certain lady - Irina Osinina. The hero met her when she was a beautiful seventeen-year-old girl with a special beauty. She belonged to an impoverished princely family and had irreproachably correct features, blond hair and eyes of marvelous beauty.

There was sympathy between the young people, and they have already begun to make joint plans for the future. In the midst of their romantic relations in the Noble Assembly there was a ball, and the Osinins decided to bring Irina to the light. The girl resisted for a long time, but Litvinov himself insisted that she take part in this event, which changed all her future destiny.

Having appeared on the ball, Irina made a real furor with her beauty, and her success among the cavaliers was stunning. Taking advantage of the situation and realizing that sooner or later a girl can make a profitable lot, one of the relatives of the Osinins takes care of her, makes her his heir and takes him to Petersburg. Litvinov, on the other hand, goes to study abroad, and the connection between lovers is finally broken.

Meeting with old feelings

While in Baden-Baden, Litvinov, strolling, stumbles upon a group of young generals, resting on a picnic. Among them, he sees Irina, who turns out to be the wife of one of them. Listening to the speeches of the military and their arguments about the Russian people, Litvinov realizes that his former beloved is now in a completely alien and absurd environment. She, having met Litvinov, apparently associating him with something long forgotten, but very close and dear, begins to look for him with more and more new meetings, asking him, at least for friendship. Gradually, Litvinov begins to feel that he loved this woman all his life.

I. Turgenev - "Smoke": analysis of the work and object of the writing satire

Of course, in order to analyze this work, it must be read in full. But even after reading the summary of the work "Smoke" by Turgenev, one can understand that the author is trying to expose the thirst for power, spiritual poverty and intellectual dullness in a certain aristocratic environment.

In the case of the events described in "Smoke", it becomes clear that the subject of Turgenev's mockery was a group of aristocratic generals, as well as their feudal reactions. On the other hand, Turgenev's "Smoke" product satirically enough satirizes also the other side of the "enemy front" - revolutionary emigration.

Why the work is called "Smoke"

On the one hand, smoke can be called all that incomprehensible and inconcrete political situation in Russia, which developed in the times described in the novel. On the other hand, the central character of Turgenev himself is in the smoke of ambiguity and uncertainty of his feelings towards Irina Osinina and her fiancé, Tatyana.

Eternal themes, affected by the product

Classical writers are usually called those authors whose works can be called exemplary and relevant at different times. Not in vain to the category of classics was ranked and Turgenev. "Smoke" (read the summary of which you can, if you do not have access to the original) proves the piercing and depth of the writer's views. But you can fully notice and appreciate this only if you read this work in its entirety. Simplified versions of this work, as a rule, reduce the main plot and leave the most important moments.

Roman Turgenev's "Smoke", read in the original, makes it possible for a thoughtful and attentive reader to understand that many of the problems of Russia in 1867 remained relevant to her to this day. In one of the chapters, the hero Turgenev, with irony, reflects on the fact that it is only necessary for ten Russians to get together as they immediately begin to think deeply about the future of Russia, the great destiny of the country. But all these conversations are absolutely unsubstantiated, unsubstantiated and conducted exclusively in general terms.

Roman Turgenev's "Smoke" (a brief summary of which was given earlier in this article) demonstrates that our people always scold the West, believing it to be rotten. But at the same time, we always consider the opinion of this same West to be authoritative, the only correct one and for some reason very much cherish it.

Turgenev's hero very clearly notes that the Russian person is always simply vitally necessary for the "master", that is, whoever could manage it, lead, instruct and always say what to do. After all, if a person of high opinion of himself and knows how to order, he certainly must know how to right, and he must be listened to. And besides, in all their failures and failures, it will be possible to blame precisely this master.

A gentleman, in turn, envies ordinary peasants and apparently believes that he is not heavier with unnecessary worries and problems, a simple person is much happier than him, since he does not need to think at all, but only needs to do what he is told. And there is much more time and energy for spiritual development and healing of one's soul from a simple worker. "They stand in front of each other, so they bow to each other," Turgenev notes satiristically.

To writers-classics, who very clearly see all the problems of the Russian people, Turgenev Ivan Sergeevich is rightly reckoned. "Smoke" is a novel in which it is very subtly noted that the Russian people always live in hopes. At the same time, he hates his homeland and loves madly. Despite the fact that nothing happens at home and does not change, the Russian person always lives in the hope that everything will one day get better. To understand what Russia lived in the 19th century and catch the general mood of that era, you can read the novel "Smoke" (summary).

Turgenev really managed to masterfully describe the everyday life of a common man, Litvinov, his personal experiences and emotional throwings between two women, and at the same time accurately show the mood of an entire epoch and the general state of affairs in Russia, which are relevant to this day.

Similar articles





Trending Now






Copyright © 2018 Theme powered by WordPress.