Any neurological diseases require great attention from specialists. Patients with the appearance of headaches or sleep disorders should immediately consult a doctor. The neurologist will conduct a full examination and prescribe a course of treatment. Popular among specialists uses the drug "Pantokaltsin", belonging to a group of nootropic drugs. Before using it, carefully read the instructions.
Form of issue and composition
The medicine "Pantokaltsin" is presented in the form of white tablets. The main active ingredient is calcium gopantenate. As auxiliary components, calcium stearate, potato starch, magnesium hydroxycarbonate and talc are used. Tablets are sold in a cardboard box or plastic container.
Quickly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract drug "Pantokaltsin." Analogues act in the same way. The maximum concentration of the active substance in the blood is reached after an hour. The drug is most concentrated in the walls of the liver, kidneys and gastrointestinal tract. The main active substance is not metabolized.
The drug is completely excreted unchanged after two days. The main part of the active substance goes along with the urine.
The drug can be used in the treatment of cerebrovascular insufficiency in the complex therapy. Most often, tablets are prescribed if the disease is provoked by atherosclerotic changes in the brain vessels. In mental patients, the drug is used to treat cerebral insufficiency. After suffering craniocerebral injuries, Pantokaltzin can be given to children. Instructions for use indicate that the drug is approved for use in patients older than three years.
The drug "Pantokaltsin" can not be prescribed for acute kidney failure . Analogues also use is undesirable. It is worth turning to a specialist who can appoint a suitable treatment. During the pregnancy tablets "Pantokaltsin" should be used only under the supervision of a specialist. Use of the drug in the first trimester is the most dangerous. The main active component can adversely affect the development of the fetus. Therefore, use the "Pantokaltsin" is necessary only if the potential benefit to the mother exceeds the potential harm for the baby. In the lactation period, medication is not contraindicated.
In childhood, the use of tablets "Pantokaltsin". Analogues can also be used. But it is better to consult a pediatrician beforehand. There are age limits. The medication is not prescribed for patients under the age of three.
With caution, it is worthwhile to use the drug to people who are prone to allergic reactions. In some cases, hypersensitivity may develop.
The medication is taken internally. Use the pill preferably after half an hour after eating. In this case, the bioavailability of the drug increases. A single dose for adult patients is 1 g (two tablets), for children - 250-500 mg. The course of treatment usually lasts at least a month. The average duration of therapy is three months. In the most difficult cases, patients have to take the medicine for at least six months. After the end of the course, you can repeat it no earlier than three months.
Patients who suffer from epilepsy are prescribed one tablet 3 times a day. The course of treatment lasts at least six months. Repeated treatment can begin three months after the end of the previous course.
Data on drug overdose in the instructions are not provided. However, experts do not recommend using tablets in an increased dosage. This can lead to the development of side effects. If you have any incomprehensible symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor for advice.
It is rare that side effects occur when using the drug Pantokaltsin. Analogs also act gently on the body. However, in some cases it is possible to develop non-standard symptoms. Most often, these are allergic reactions that manifest themselves as a rhinitis or rash on the skin. All these phenomena are reversible and do not require withdrawal of the drug. To eliminate unpleasant symptoms, you can additionally use antihistamines.
Immediately it is worth stopping the medication if hypersensitivity develops. It is worth turning to a specialist who can replace the drug Pantokaltsin. Instructions for use, reviews about analogues - all this in detail you can find out in the medical institution.
It should be used with caution in combination with other medications "Pantokaltsin". Instruction for use to children says that the main active ingredient of the drug promotes the prolongation of the action of barbiturates. In addition, the tablets enhance the action of local anesthetics, as well as anticonvulsants.
Pantokaltzin tablets are often used together with antipsychotic drugs. This is due to the fact that calcium gopentenate can remove side effects from taking such medications. Tablets can be prescribed together with such drugs as "Phenobarbital", "Carbamazepine", as well as with neuroleptics.
In combination with such drugs as "Glycine", "Xidifon", the effect of the main component of the drug is intensified. This must be taken into account in order to avoid the development of adverse reactions.
If you do not find the necessary medicine in the pharmacy, you can always choose a quality substitute. The drug "Pantokaltsin" or "Pantogam" - which is better? It is impossible to answer this question unambiguously. After all, both of these drugs have the same effect. The main component of the drug is the calcium salt of gopanthenic acid. As auxiliary substances, calcium stearate, talcum, methylcellulose, and also magnesium hydroxycarbonate are used in the preparation of Pantogam.
The analogue "Pantokaltsin" has some differences. For example, it is prescribed only to patients older than 3 years of age, whereas Pantogam tablets can be prescribed for children under three years of age. But before starting treatment, it is necessary to fully examine the body of a small patient.
There are other analogues of the drug "Pantokaltsin". Tablets "Gopantam" are widely used. The main active component of the drug is also the calcium salt of gopantenic acid. But this substance in the preparation is used in a reduced dosage. Medication can be prescribed for children older than 2 years.
"Calcium Gopantenate" is another popular drug that is used by many specialists. The drug is rapidly absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract. The patient can feel a positive impact within an hour after taking the pill. The medication is withdrawn with urine after 48 hours. The drug is prescribed for patients older than three years. Contra-indication is the first trimester of pregnancy, as well as hypersensitivity.
Reviews about the drug
Before starting treatment, it is worth studying the full information about tablets "Pantokaltsin". Instructions, reviews - all this can be learned from the attending physician. Most experts speak well of the drug and recommend it to their patients. Tablets give really good results and have practically no contraindications.
The drug "Pantokaltsin" in pediatrics is widely used. Babies with neurologic abnormalities recover within a few months. The only downside is the long course duration. With some ailments the medicine has to be taken within six months.
Negative reviews of the drug are also present. They are most often associated with the fact that patients do not carefully study the instructions for use, and as a consequence, then suffer from an overdose or, conversely, do not observe the proper effect of the treatment.
Particular attention should be given to the section "Drug Interactions". Some drugs reduce the bioavailability of Pantokaltsin tablets. That is, the medicine is taken almost in vain. Pay attention also to the sections "Side effects" and "Contraindications."
How much is the medicine? Where can I buy?
Tablets "Pantokaltsin" are released only on prescription. Due to this, the probability of taking medication without a doctor's recommendation is significantly reduced. The drug refers to medium-price drugs. For one packing of tablets it is necessary to pay about 1500 rubles of the Russian Federation. Medication is available in almost every pharmacy. In extreme cases, it can be replaced by an analog.
You can save money if you buy the tablet online. In online pharmacies the drug costs 100-200 rubles less.