Berry-raspberries, whether fresh fruit or a fragrant jam in the winter, beckons to everyone without exception. Growing this shrub in his own area does not present any difficulties. When choosing a variety, experts recommend paying attention to the die form. What it is? Let's understand.
What kind of raspberry is called stamping?
We are all used to the fact that raspberry is a shrub that in a few years gives a strong enough growth and without proper care forms real thickets. Therefore, ordinary varieties, as a rule, are grown in a trellis way. Breeding does not stand still and is now extremely popular among gardeners, raspberry. The main feature of this species is that it has thicker, stronger and branched shoots. In this connection, it is often possible to find the name "crimson tree". In fact, it is the same bush, only after regular pinches it gradually begins to resemble a small tree. However, if you do not observe special agricultural techniques, you will receive all the same thickets that will bear very poor fruit. Do not succumb to the tricks of unscrupulous sellers, crimson tree does not happen. But there are sorts of stamps, and with sufficient effort, you will get a good result from them.
Grades of raspberry
Almost every year the number of varieties increases, and any gardener will find exactly what he likes. We mention only the most famous of them.
Tarusa . High-yielding and medium-late raspberry varieties. Powerful stems grow to a height of 2 meters. They do not have thorns and are covered with a wax coating. Winter-resistant variety, transfers the temperature drop to -30 ° С. In addition, the variety Tarusa is resistant to diseases. Berries have a mass of up to 15 g, bright crimson, elongated.
A fairy tale . Stamp raspberry of this variety has a very high yield (more than 12 kg per bush). It is also resistant to colds and various diseases. Berries are large, up to 20 grams in weight, dense, well suited for transportation.
Hard-boiled . In addition to good taste and yield, the variety gives a very good growth and forms a powerful root system, which allows it to be used by those who sell seedlings.
The galaxy . High-yielding variety (up to 20 kg per bush), berries large with excellent taste, strong, well tolerate transportation.
Place for raspberry
This shrub loves the sun, so on the site, determine under it a sunny place, hidden from the drafts. Stamp raspberry, like the usual or remontant, likes to grow on slopes, away from ground and stagnant waters. It is desirable that the soils are well drained, neutral or slightly acidic. Think at once about the winter, about how to raspberry was covered with a high snow cover. Otherwise, you have to bend the branches of the bush to the ground.
The worst predecessors for raspberries are solanaceous: potatoes, tomatoes. If you are preparing a site for planting in the fall, it is desirable to plant rape, mustard or any leguminous crops (peas, beans, alfalfa, etc.) on it.
Time for planting
Stamp raspberry (photo above), like any other species of this shrub, can be planted in both spring and autumn. In the first case, the approximate time frame is mid-April. They can shift, depending on each region. After all, for example, in the Urals at this time it is possible that the snow has not yet come down or the land has not dried out. Very often you can meet the opinion that the spring planting is most favorable. The truth is there. It should be borne in mind: survival in the spring will be higher only if the kidneys have not yet blossomed, and the plant has not moved into growth. In autumn, raspberries are planted in late September. The seedlings need to be 10-12 cm from the soil level. This will protect the bush from the freezing of the lower buds.
How to plant a shredded raspberry?
Planting of a raspberry plant can be carried out by a bush or tape method. In the first case, for each bush, individual pits are dug out, and in the second a long trench is prepared. To say that it is more correct is difficult, to whom it is convenient.
If you are going to plant raspberry in a bushy way, then you need to dig holes about 50 by 50 cm in size. Dip the roots of the seedlings in a solution of the mullein and carefully lower them into the pit, sprinkle with a fertile soil mixture. Between the bushes, keep a distance of about one meter. With the ribbon method of planting, it is necessary to excavate a trench, a width and a depth of half a meter. If there are several rows, then observe between them a distance of 2 meters. Otherwise it will be inconvenient to trim, harvest, and in general, plants will interfere with each other. When planting in a trench between bushes, the distance should be 40 cm. You can add fertilizer, humus, wood ash to the soil at this time.
Plant a raspberry seedlings so that after the soil has set, it is 2-3 cm deeper than the level at which it grew in the nursery.
Raspberry stalk: care
Agrotechnics for growing raspberries is in its timely pruning, treatment with pesticides, feeding and binding for the winter. In the very early spring (as soon as the snow comes down), the bush is to be treated with special preparations as prevention of gray rot, leaf spot, septoria, anthracnose and rust. Use 3% Bordeaux mixture for this . Repeated treatment is done in the middle of autumn. At the end of April or beginning of May, the soil between the bushes should be loosened and wrapped, as raspberries are very fond of.
In October, while the shoots still retain flexibility, it is necessary to tie the bushes. For this, the branches of one plant are tilted to the ground and connected to the other. The height from the ground should not be more than 30 cm. At the same time, you can feed raspberries with organic fertilizers.
Watering and top dressing
Stamp raspberry is very fond of moisture, so you need to water it, especially during flowering and fruiting. Periodicity - once a week, and the water flow is about 5 liters per bush. Well in this case, the drip irrigation system is suitable.
During the summer, raspberries are periodically treated with carbophos. This protects against pests such as crimson beetle and fly, from weevils, leaf-eaters, etc. Mineral and organic fertilizers are fed with mineral fertilizers during the period of active growth of berries (early July). In October, under winter, it is recommended to make humus or manure at the rate of 5-6 kilograms per square meter. Do this in the form of mulching the soil, pouring the organic layer a layer of about 7 cm, and then - the usual ground (2 cm) or you can carefully dig everything.
Pruning raspberry raspberries
Despite the fact that the raspberry jelly is sometimes called treelike, pruning is required in any case. And it practically does not differ in any way from that in relation to usual forms. It consists in the removal of shoots, which have already given their own, that is, they have fertilized. Or you can use the method of double trimming. In this case, only one escape shoot is left. It is cut at the end of May or the beginning of June by 10-15 cm, when it reaches about a meter in height. Towards the end of the summer you have a small bush, resembling a tree and having 5-6 side branches. It is in this form of raspberry and it remains to winter. The second pruning is expedient to spend in the spring when the leaves have blossomed (mid or late May). In this case, the side branches should be shortened by 5-12 cm. This, in general, is the whole secret of the raspberry raspberry.
Any gardener wants to get the maximum effect with minimal costs, well, or at least commensurate with them. One of the optimal variants of fruit and berry bushes is the shredded raspberry. Planting and caring for it will not take long, but the result will be uniquely happy. Stamp varieties are distinguished by high yields, large berries (up to 20 g) and resistance to severe winters, which, of course, qualitatively distinguishes them among others.