Decorative dry mixes allow imitating almost any materials that have nothing to do with them. A vivid example is silk plaster. The experts' opinions speak of its great prospects in the future. From the name it becomes clear, to imitate what finishing material it is created. Silk plaster in the interior - a common phenomenon, despite its relatively high cost. The material has many advantages, so it fully justifies the expectations, and the cost goes to the background. The rooms finished by him look richer and more attractive.
Silk plaster or "wet silk" - a composite mixture, the main component of which is mostly cellulose, sometimes cotton. A combination of these components is also possible. The main components are silk fibers (more often artificial than natural), which give it qualities for which silk plaster is appreciated in the interior. The photo of the room will clearly demonstrate the merits of this finishing material in comparison with others. Plasticity of silk plaster is attached to the polyester yarn, which also affects its appearance. The material applied to the wall resembles a textile coating obtained from textile fibers.
A wide range of colors makes it possible to create an atmosphere in the room for any mood or to organize a business situation at the expense of strict tones, in which silk plaster is also available. Customer feedback confirms the variety of material. For example, plaster with additives in the form of sequins is available.
The binding components of the finishing material are acrylic copolymers, which increase its plasticity. They are indispensable components for any kind of decorative plaster, imitating silk. The composition of dry mixtures also includes a small amount of chemicals, for example, plasticizers, which destroy the fungus and mold. And the smallest proportion in the composition of silk plaster is occupied by various dyes and additives, which give the mixture certain shades, shine and so on.
Certain fillers allow one drawing made of plaster to differ, if viewed from different angles. Silk decorative plaster with pearlescent additives looks semitransparent. And adding a second or third dye can lead to the fact that it will already imitate not silk, but velvet. The standard color of the material is silvery-white, but it can be changed while mixing the mixture with water.
Silk plaster in the interior: reviews, dignities
The procedure of applying wet wallpaper is much simplified, compared with gluing, for example, paper wallpaper. In addition, the latter need to be cut, make sure that the pattern coincides, and the sheets are applied as accurately as possible relative to each other. At the same time, wet paper wallpaper is easily torn, so they require careful treatment. They also exhibit any defects in the walls, burn out in the sun, absorb moisture and odors. If a certain area is damaged, then fix it is quite problematic: to do this, remove the entire sheet, and paste an identical sheet into its place. Often this is difficult to do, because the old wallpaper is losing its original appearance, and it will be almost impossible to choose the right canvas.
Minor unevenness and wall defects using wallpaper or water-based paint can not be concealed. Aligning the walls with a cement-sand mixture can lead to the formation of a fairly thick layer, at least 3 cm. This is done in order to avoid the formation of cracks, but requires additional costs. Liquid silk plaster can hide small flaws on the walls, but this requires a layer of 1-2 mm. Because of the high cost of the material, it is desirable to conduct high-quality preparation of the walls before finishing.
The merits of the material should also be attributed to the fact that it can be applied to almost any coating: brick, concrete, wood, metal. It does not leave any traces of joints, even if the work was performed in several stages at different sites. Sometimes, for a better adhesion of plaster to the wall, it is recommended to use special primers. In the case when the repair is carried out in a new building and the shrinkage of the walls has not completely passed, it will not affect the coating, as it is quite elastic and can stretch more than 5 mm.
Another advantage of the material is the possibility of restoration of the damaged part of the coating. To do this, it is sufficient to moisten it with water and remove with a spatula, then apply a new portion. In extreme cases, you can take the old composition, pre-soaking and kneading it. Silk decorative plaster does not require experience and knowledge in the application. This makes it even more attractive for use as a finishing material.
A large number of advantages and small disadvantages is what is characterized by silk plaster. The experts' reviews fully confirm the qualities claimed by the manufacturer that are characteristic of the material. As already noted, the main drawback is the high cost of the material. Despite the fact that every year its popularity is growing, and the cost is falling, the price is still relatively high. The minuses of plaster also include its excessive moisture absorption, but this can be corrected. Avoid moisture absorption by walls, by covering them with wax or acrylic lacquer. They visually reduce the "silk" appearance, but the surface can be washed.
Liquid wallpapers look great in any room, but there is no need to talk about their wide range of colors in the construction market. Compared to conventional paper wallpaper, the choice seems rather meager. But with each year the variety grows, and in the near future this defect will be eliminated. Liquid wallpaper does not have sufficient moisture resistance, so they are not intended for washing. If a certain area has been soiled or soiled, it will not come out cleaned with a cloth soaked in soapy water. The damaged area in this case must be cut out, and the formed "gap" to cover with the remains of wallpaper, diluted in warm water.
It is also important to remember that stucco absorbs all odors, as well as its analogs. Therefore, in the kitchen or in the toilet is extremely not recommended to use a finishing material, such as silk plaster. The photo of the bathroom at the same time clearly shows that it even in places for which it is not intended, looks in harmony with other elements of the interior. The disadvantages of plastering are that it eventually darkens. Therefore, for local repairs, new material is not always suitable, and it will be necessary to use once again one that was removed from the problem zone.
Liquid wallpaper "Silk Plaster"
"Silk Plaster" is a finishing material of domestic production with its own characteristics and characteristics. For its production use natural cellulose, silk fibers, mineral filler, colored quartz and various additives. The components are exclusively natural, so the plaster is harmless. Plaster "Silk Plaster" is CE marked. It means that the material meets European standards. Where to buy silk plaster? It can be purchased in almost any construction shop.
Plaster "for silk" differs in its structure: with fine fibers it is applied to a coating thickness of 2-3 mm. Other species lie with a greater thickness, namely 4-5 mm. They are more like a fabric surface and look larger.
Application of silk plaster in the standard way
Decorative plaster is sold in a package, which is always accompanied by an instruction. If you follow it, you can do without the help of specialists. It is enough to take a basin and stir in it a dry mixture with a certain amount of water, which can be specified in the instructions.
The material is initially quite viscous, but it is desirable to increase its adhesion to the surface. For this purpose it is recommended to use a special primer for decorative compositions, for example, acrylic. It is applied with a brush, carefully lubricating the entire surface.
The application of liquid wallpaper on the ceiling is a difficult and time-consuming task. However, like for any other reason, it must be carefully prepared. First of all, the surface is cleaned of wallpaper, paint or whitewash. After that start to putty. This stage is especially important, since its poor performance can lead to over-consumption of the material. In other words, silk plaster, the price of which is quite high, will have to be applied in several layers due to poor preparation of the substrate and the presence of cracks or any other defects on it. And this is additional costs.
The first layer
Small portions of plaster are scooped up with a plastic trowel of medium size and applied to any surface with arbitrary smears. After that, the mixture is leveled from corner to corner, without tearing the tool from the surface, as this can lead to the formation of seams. It is necessary to press the tool in moderation, otherwise the material can be compressed. Spacing between strokes should be minimal. The optimum layer thickness is 2 mm. There are two most common techniques for applying material: "droppe" and "moon". At the first, small strokes are made in different directions, due to which the effect of the interwoven leaves is obtained. The second technique differs from the first by radial movements during application of the solution. The thickness of the layer is not more than 1 mm.
Silk plaster "Silk Plaster" is very popular . It dries up for 2-3 days. In this case, the room needs to be ventilated, which will allow moisture to evaporate from the wallpaper. It is also important to ensure that the temperature in the room does not go below 10 degrees. "Real" color silk plaster "Silk Plaster" will receive after its drying.
To create a "silk" effect, one layer of material is often not enough. Therefore, it is necessary to apply at least one more layer according to the technique applied earlier. A third layer of plaster is often required for droppings. It will make it as much as possible similar to the simulated material, because of this, and applied silk plaster in the interior. The photo of the walls, on which the material is applied by different techniques, attests to their striking visual differences.
To simulate velvet, shredded silk or printed fabrics, it is desirable to apply the composition with a textured roller. It is important to ensure that the relief on the nozzles is not more than 3 mm at the highest point, since observing the correct layer thickness is an important part of quality work. Rollers make it possible to organize on the cover the most complex patterns or folds of fabric. And all this allows you to make silk plaster. The photos of the finished works show the wide possibilities of the material.
Align the resulting surface with a special plastic float. It is important to understand that it will not work out to achieve a perfectly even coating. And this is not necessary, because the liquid wallpaper will even out in the process of solidification.
Application on concrete and brick substrates
Preliminary surface shpaklyuyut with a plaster mixture, leveling it. After drying, the FG primer is carried out in two layers or more, and stained with a water-dispersive white paint. If there is no FG, then it is allowed to paint with a mixture of facade water dispersion with conventional PVA, mixing them in a ratio of 2: 1. It is important to correctly calculate the thickness of the puttying layer, since its insufficient thickness can provoke the appearance of a gray shade from the concrete wall. The paint is applied in three layers: the first layer appears protective, and the other two - strengthening.
The use of liquid wallpaper in "Khrushchev"
In old buildings, yellow or gray spots often appear on the walls. Therefore, before applying decorative coating, the walls should be carefully prepared and strengthened. They are applied from two layers of FG and painted over with water dispersion, as well as for houses with brick or concrete bases. Instead of FG, you can use oil or alkyd paints.
For gypsum board walls
Gypsum plasterboard walls are carefully covered with putty (on the entire area of the sheets). One of the most common mistakes is that only the joints fill the filler. This is not enough to create an even surface, which requires silk plaster. The testimonials of experienced builders fully confirm this rule. After drying, as in other cases, the wall is painted with water-dispersion paint.
Drywall is a material that absorbs moisture very much. In this regard, water dispersion paint is recommended to mix with PVA in a ratio of 3: 1. This will strengthen the putty. It is also advisable to use galvanized self-tapping screws, since they will not leave rust marks on the wall surface.
For wooden sheets, plywood, fiberboard and MDF
Before applying liquid plaster on these surfaces, it must be ensured that the wood does not shrink and is not exposed to moisture. Protect the base from deformation by using an oil paint. For this purpose, FG solution, which should be applied in 2-3 layers, is also suitable.
All kinds of decorative plasters are very practical, and taking care of them does not require any skills or knowledge. Most liquid wallpaper is washed with a simple soap solution, for example, "Venetian". Relief same and offkturennye wallpaper sufficiently to periodically vacuum. Coverage can last for decades, if the composition was selected correctly, and all the instructions indicated on the package were met. This is another reason for their popularity.
How much is silk plaster? The price of liquid wallpaper depends largely on the manufacturer, which is not always possible to say about its quality. High quality is known for the French plaster Senideo, the manufacturer is the leader in the production of silk plaster. The quality of the products of Turkish companies Silkcoat and Bayramix koza is almost equal to its French competitors, and its price is much lower. "Stenol" and "Danish decorative plaster" - Russian analogues. Their silk decorative plaster, the price of which is 150-400 rubles, there is little inferior to the well-known brands. In this case, one package of the mixture is sufficient for 5 m 2 of the surface.
Calculate the amount of material for the room is simple, since one kilogram of the mixture covers 5 m 2 of the surface. For example, if the area of the room is 25 m 2 , then for its complete finishing you will have to buy a minimum of 5 packages of the mixture. And if you do not know how much silk plaster is on average, then you can take a price of 300 rubles / kg for a landmark.