Roald Dahl is one of the representatives of the world children's literature, which Russian readers learned very recently. "Matilda", "The Huge Crocodile", "The Big and Good Giant", as well as other remarkable books by this author in Soviet times were not translated into Russian. Unfortunately, the current adults did not have the opportunity to get acquainted with the tales of the famous English writer. Their children were much more fortunate.
Today in Russia huge editions are published works created by writers, about the existence of which Soviet readers and did not suspect. Among them - Roald Dahl. "Matilda", by the way, is a book that it is never too late to read. This work is about childish wisdom and adult folly, about meanness and justice. And also about how adults look in the eyes of their seemingly unintentional and naive children.
"Matilda" was published when the author of her was a well-known writer. Before outlining the history of writing a book and a summary, it is worth saying a few words about its creator.
Dal was born in 1916. His father was a Norwegian, and one day he was visited by a bright idea to move to the UK in order to give children a classic English education. But nothing came of this venture. The father died when the future writer was only three years old.
The early period in Dal's biography is sad enough. At school, he survived the bullying of high school students, numerous corporal punishment of teachers. However, he did not become bitter. The author of extremely humane and wise art works was subsequently Roald Dahl. "Matilda" and other stories for young readers serve as proof.
Roald graduated from college, then university. Then there were years of work at Shell, war, hard work of the writer and finally writing. In narrow circles, his name became famous. But the real glory to Dahl came in the sixties, when the first collection of fairy tales was published.
In the life of this writer there was a lot of grief. He survived the death of his daughter. Tormented, watching the suffering of his son from an incurable disease. In addition, according to some sources, he did not cause much sympathy among others.
Every English child is familiar with the image of Dal, surrounded by children. Or the image of a writer crouched in a Victorian armchair over a manuscript ... A man who was not loved by adults, but adored by children, was during the life of Roald Dahl.
"Matilda", reviews about which the British critics were positive, could hardly be published in the Soviet Union. The main condition in the domestic literature was the presence of decent images not only of parents, but also of children. Such characters never aroused the interest of Dahl. The main plot of his books was the rebellion of a small man against an adult and hard world.
The last work for children was the book Matilda. Roald Dahl passed away in 1990. Every year his grave is visited by children. They decorate the monument with sweets. And near the gravestone you can see huge traces of the Good Giant - a hero who, perhaps, is the same two-meter friend of children, an English writer of Norwegian origin Roald Dahl.
Matilda: the plot
It happens that in a family of mean and dishonest people a child is born, who differs not only in intelligence and ingenuity but also in innate noble qualities. Matilda possessed all of these. Her parents were limited. There were no books in their house. Mother spent all her free time playing lotto. Father was a used car seller and sincerely believed that rich people are not honest. Therefore, every day he made fraudulent actions towards his clients. But the main drawback of these people was that they did not love their daughter.
About how one little girl was so irritated by stupid parents that she decided to take revenge on them, tells the book (Roald Dahl) "Matilda." The summary, which will be described later, may encourage readers to get acquainted with the full text of the instructive story.
Wanting to teach his father a lesson, the girl suited him for all sorts of trials. Once Matilda smeared his favorite hat with glue. The parent was forced to spend a whole day in the headdress, which was not only uncomfortable, but also gave the man a very stupid look. Still, his father's predilection for abusive treatment of his daughter and unreasonable boasting for a while disappeared. But soon the ugly parent again took to his, and Matilda had to invent a new punishment.
The girl dreamed of kind and loving parents. But all she could do was put up with the fact that her father and mother were far from ideal. The only outlet, in addition to reading, for Mathilde was revenge.
The image of the heroine
Is it possible to understand how the English writer saw the fragile peace of the child, after reading only a brief summary? "Matilda" (Roald Dahl) - a work permeated with a kind of humor. When reading, at first it seems that the heroine is not at all obedient girl. Rather cunning and insidious. She scoffs at her parents, makes them all kinds of punishments. But he commits his unseemly acts of Matilda solely because other methods in the fight against the narrow-minded people, who her parents are, do not help. The reader, who suffered as a child from rough and unfair treatment, may experience delight and even envy in relation to a small and clever heroine.
Many children's books by Roald Dahl are autobiographical. At school he learned the cruelty of teachers and pupils of the senior classes. Mathilde also experiences something similar. But the heroine of the novel Dahl has extraordinary abilities. She gives the impression of an ordinary little girl. But only as long as he does not say anything. After all, her knowledge in mathematics and literature corresponds to the level of not every adult.
The only person who treated little Mathilde with tenderness was her teacher.
Besides deep knowledge in mathematics and literature, Matilda showed phenomenal abilities. The girl was able to move objects. However, her exceptional abilities were not of interest to either the mother or the father. Only Miss Hani could see a gifted personality in a typical five-year-old girl. The teacher visited Matilda's parents one day to open their eyes to the extent to which their daughter is an exceptional child. However, these people did not like Miss Hani's speech.
Teacher Matilda lived in a small house, resembling a dwelling of characters from the tales of the Brothers Grimm. Once Miss Hani invited her favorite student to visit. Matilda was amazed at the terrible conditions her teacher lives in. And on this day Miss Hani told the girl the sad story of her life.
The girl's parents died when she was still a schoolgirl. The only relative was an aunt, a woman who was selfish and cruel, who immediately settled in their house after the death of her father and established violent rules there. The story of Miss Hani recalled the tale of Cinderella. The only difference is that the prince never waited. However, she was able to get rid of the company of her evil cousin by renting a small farmhouse.
The book "Matilda" has, if not a happy ending, then a promising one. The girl's parents leave the city, and she remains with her teacher.
As in other works of Roald Dahl, there is hope in this novel. The hope that, no matter how cruel the adult world may be, justice will prevail. And a child who is not familiar with parental affection and care, will find a family.