In 1931, the Tungus, living in the vast territory of Eastern Siberia, were officially named Evenks. But the fact that along the Yenisei from the shores of the Arctic Ocean to the borders with China for centuries lived the Tungus, explains the fact that only the rivers called Tunguska exist seven.
Amazing popularity of the name "Tunguska"
And there are four other rivers, in the name of which there is a characterizing adjective - Podkamennaya Tunguska, Upper and two Lower, one of which is the old name of the Angara. In the southern part of the Central Siberian plateau there is a natural region called Tunguska.
Some geographical data
The right tributary of the Yenisei is called Podkamennaya Tunguska, and also the Middle Tunguska, Chulkan and Katanga. The basin area is estimated at 240,000 square kilometers, the length reaches 1,865 km. Its source is on the Upper Tungus Upland, and the Central Siberian plateau with the natural area of Tunguska, this river crosses from the Angara Ridge in the south to the Yenisei in the west. In 1908, 80 kilometers north of the village of Vanavara, a meteorite fell. It was, of course, called Tungus, because around this name bore everything - the district, the river, the population. Podkamennaya Tunguska is navigable for 1,146 km, despite numerous rapids and rapids. Some thresholds have even personal names.
Beauty, awarded personal names
So, the most significant of them are called Bolshaya, Muchnoi, and also the Polyguz and Velma rapids. The river itself and its banks are so beautiful that there is a list of locations, the names of which are very eloquent. Here there are the Beach of the High Grass and the Dark Waters, the Eldorado Fish and the Taiga Summer, as well as the Spruce Island and the Tunguska expanse, the Calm Channel and the Rocky Shoal. Still there is the Rocky Mountain and Transparent Waters. Not every river can boast of this. The melting of the river is mainly helped by melting snow, although summer and autumn rains also contribute to high floods (there are from one to four per year), in some years there are floods. The river freezes from October to May, in which, as a rule, there is always a high water. Ice drifts take a decent time - 18 days in the fall and 9 in the spring. This is scary because of the power of the river, and beautiful. "The night is light-bright in the district, as if in the sky floating - across the wide blue blades - silvery broken ice!"
Originality of the river
Podkamennaya Tunguska is very diverse. In the upper reaches it has a fairly wide and deep valley, then, cutting through the outcrops of rocks (they are called trapps), the river forms narrow gorges. Trapps, for centuries blown by the winds, carrying away the particles of rocks, form characteristic columns (location Red shore). In some places, the current reaches a speed of 3-4 centimeters per second. As the rivers of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, the described water stream has tributaries. The right are Teter, Chula and Plague. On the left are Como and Velmo.
The wealth of Podkamennoy Tunguska is not inferior to beauty
Fishing in Siberia deserves individual words and praise, and not necessarily foreign, such as "Eldorado" and "safari". But, maybe, they will attract lovers of comfortable fishing, because there are a lot of places for wild recreation here. "On Podkamennaya Tunguska, ice scours the coasts - cuts fir trees, cuts trees, climbs on meadows!" About this river, as well as in general about the nature of Siberia, an infinite number of poems and songs are composed. All of them are good, and not a single word embellishes reality, because there will not be enough words to describe at least part of the beauty and greatness of Siberia.