Oxolinic acid: use, contraindications, side effects

Painful frequent urination, lower abdominal pain and lower back, nausea, chills are common symptoms in diseases of the urinary system such as cystitis and pyelonephritis. The cause of this condition is an inflammatory process of an infectious origin, and without medication it is impossible to cope with it. A drug called oxalic acid will come to the rescue. It is attributed to the first generation of quinolones - preparations of bactericidal action of synthetic origin. Oxolinic acid is a part of the drug "Gremurin", which is widely used in the treatment of diseases of the urinary system.

Today you rarely meet a person who has not heard of antimicrobial drugs or antibiotics. Some flatly refuse to take them, even if the medicine is prescribed by a doctor, while others, on the contrary, drink them on their own at the slightest hint of a disease, just to return to the system sooner. To drink or not to drink is a private matter for everyone, but if a decision is made to be treated with an antibiotic, then at least the instruction on the drug should be studied without fail. Ideally, with such symptoms, you should immediately seek help from a medical institution.

Action and interaction of matter

Oxolinic acid affects the DNA of pathogenic microorganisms, disrupting their vital functions, as a result of which they die. The drug is absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract, is excreted unchanged through the kidneys.

Oxolinic acid reduces the effect of oral antiepileptic, antidiabetic drugs and anticoagulants metabolized in the liver. When interacting with the drug "Furosemide" there is an intensification of antibacterial action.

Indications and cautions

Antibiotics are always contraindicated in pregnancy. When breastfeeding an infant is weaned during the treatment period. Oxolinic acid is not an exception. Indications for use in patients with hypersensitivity are as follows:

  • pyelitis;
  • cystitis;
  • Bacteriuria;
  • Pyelonephritis;
  • Prevention of catheterization and cystoscopy.

The drug is strictly prohibited to use for the treatment of people with manifestations of epilepsy, other disorders of the central nervous system and liver diseases.

Adverse events

When deciding to drink an antibiotic, you need to understand that the active ingredient will affect absolutely all living microorganisms. In other words, not only harmful but also useful bacteria will be killed. Therefore, it is important not to resort to treatment on your own. Only an expert can assess the real expected benefit and the inevitable negative impact of such a drug substance as oxolinic acid.

Instruction for use contains a rather impressive list of side effects:

  • nausea and vomiting;
  • stomach ache;
  • heartburn;
  • diarrhea;
  • Insomnia or drowsiness;
  • Visual impairment;
  • Allergic reactions: skin rashes and redness, itching, swelling and urticaria.

Rules for taking medications

The commercial name of oxolinic acid is Gramurin. One tablet of the drug contains 250 mg of the active substance.

The scheme of reception is as follows:

  • Patients over 12 years of age are prescribed 500 mg three times a day;
  • To children from three months to a year - on 0,5-1 tablet a day, divided into 3-4 receptions;
  • From one year to three - 1-1.25 tablets;
  • From three to six - 1,5-2,25 tablets;
  • From 7 to 12 years - up to 3 tablets per day.

It should be noted that the exact dosage for children is calculated based on body weight. The resulted scheme of reception can be used only in that case when the weight of the child corresponds to the established norms and the patient has no contraindications. Treatment of infants is carried out under the strict supervision of a physician.

Remember that self-medication can be dangerous to health.

Similar articles





Trending Now






Copyright © 2018 Theme powered by WordPress.