Poems of this poet - a visiting card of a complex and contradictory era, and his work - a manifesto against all the unjust and stagnant. But does the concept of the monument to Joseph Brodsky in Moscow correspond to the image of the poet, formed in the ideas of his admirers?
Joseph Alexandrovich Brodsky was born in 1940 in Leningrad in the family of a photographer, and later a photo correspondent for a newspaper. His mother was an accountant. So to the creative this family can be attributed only half.
When the blockade of Leningrad began, little Joseph and his mother went to evacuation to the city of Cherepovets in the Vologda region, where it was until the end of the Great Patriotic War.
After returning to Leningrad, he went to school, but studied in it for only seven years. Not having finished even an eight-year education, Joseph acted as assistant milling machine. The teenager made this decision on his own, understanding how hard it was for his family.
Brodsky wrote his first poems at the age of 16-17, but seriously started writing poetry from the age of 18. The creation of his poetic stylistics was influenced by the works of Anna Akhmatova, Osip Mandelstam, Marina Tsvetaeva, Boris Pasternak. The first performance of Joseph took place in 1960 in Leningrad in the "tournament of poets." The poem he read then caused a real scandal.
The exiled poet
In 1963 IA Brodsky was publicly accused of parasitism and betrayal of the Motherland. The libel was published by one of the central and respected newspapers - "Evening Leningrad", so the brand was firmly entrenched in it, and the information aroused great resonance in the society. The publishing house began to receive many letters from indignant citizens, in which the demand to take measures against the poet sounded. Soon he was arrested. Persecution, public humiliation, false accusations and arrest led to a logical outcome: I. Brodsky suffered a heart attack.
Later he was put before a choice - an emigration or a mental hospital. Joseph Brodsky left the Soviet Union and became a US citizen.
"... a poet who will glorify his homeland"
The life of Joseph Aleksandrovich Brodsky in exile was successful. He taught at universities, conducted research in the field of language, was awarded the Nobel Prize. In America he led an active creative life, was engaged in translations, wrote critical articles. And his poetry enjoyed constant interest in the foreign reader.
Recognition at home came to Brodsky after perestroika. But the poet never found the strength to return. His health was severely undermined, including the death of his parents, whom the Soviet authorities in the 1980s did not allow him to see.
Joseph Aleksandrovich Brodsky died in 1996, leaving a great poetic heritage.
A poet is a "mathematician" or a poet is a "science fictionist"?
Creativity IA Brodsky can be compared with the mathematical problem, which he solved all his life. There is "given" in it - everything that happens around, there is also the "unknown" - the eternal laws of life, which he tried to comprehend. Also, the poet-researcher tried to learn the deep essence of human nature. Brodsky's poems are philosophical reflections on the environment and the creation of his imaginary worlds.
Peculiarities of Poetic Vocabulary
To create these worlds, Brodsky and his vocabulary selects the one that most expresses the essence, not abhorring obscene, vernacular and rude expressions. Often his works are written in a complicated scientific manner. Thoughts in them are expounded using scientific terms and rational formulas, therefore his poetry is often characterized as mathematical.
The poet rejected classical canons, consciously violating the rhythmic basis and melody of the verse. He sacrificed music for the sake of objectivity and the greatest vitality. Brodsky intentionally refused to use the lyrical hero in favor of an epic, often devoid of any feelings. This was necessary for the master to reflect objectively the picture of life that the traveler sees, moving from one point of the surrounding world to another. The author's position in the works of Joseph Brodsky is absent. Each reader makes his own attitude to what is happening, experiencing only his own peculiar feelings.
Josef Brodsky's intonational poetry is very rich. The author uses moralizing sayings in the form of aphorisms, inferences, paradoxes, ironic utterances.
The monument to Brodsky in Moscow
The monument to the poet was installed on Novinsky Boulevard in the park near the American Embassy in 2011. At the opening ceremony, two categories of Russians gathered: today's reader and contemporaries of the poet, who knew him personally.
The monument to Brodsky in Moscow is made of bronze according to the project of Georgy Frangulyan and Sergey Skuratov. It represents two groups of faceless plane figures, the central one being the poet himself. All of them are installed on a granite pedestal.
Work on the monument to Brodsky in Moscow lasted seven years. At first it was planned that it would be installed in St. Petersburg, but since the work was not finished, the chief architect of Moscow decided to install a monument in the capital.
For the admirers of the poetry of Joseph Brodsky, the address of the monument in Moscow: Novinsky Boulevard, 22.
And what do the "opponents" say?
There is a concept of the monument to Brodsky in Moscow and opponents. They consider it inappropriate to surround the poet with faceless companions, because he had none in our state.
Brodsky was a single poet, misunderstood and unrecognized in his time. Although, with the image of the author of amazing poems, the critics seem to agree, since the poet's pose is very consonant with the head raised to the sky, where there is something unexplored and incomprehensible. And perhaps, through the sky, he peers into himself?