Shatrov Mikhail Filippovich - a famous Soviet writer whose name is associated with an entire era of Russian drama. His plays are devoted to the life of the country during the revolution and the Civil War and fully convey the romance of the past time with all its complexities and contradictions.
"The Sixth of July," "Day of Silence," "Dictatorship of Conscience," "The Name of the Revolution," "Brest Peace," "Bolsheviks" are the most famous works of a talented author. Lenin, Trotsky, Sverdlov, Stalin - these historical figures are represented in Shatrov's plays by ordinary living people: thinking, doubting, committing a rash act and making mistakes.
Childhood years of the writer
Mikhail (the real name of the writer is Marshak), a native of Moscow, was born on April 3, 1932. His father, Philip Semenovich worked as an engineer, and her mother, Cecilia Alexandrovna, taught German in high school. Childhood and youth of the boy are associated with sad, tragic events. In 1937, his aunt was arrested, in 1938 his father was shot, in 1949, his mother was arrested. Michael, being at this time a schoolboy, was left without means of subsistence. Trying to help the remaining one boy, the teachers assembled a group of poorly trained children and instructed Mikhail to deal with them, and grateful parents helped him with groceries.
At school, Mikhail Shatrov, an active at heart, was secretary of the Komsomol organization. For the magazine "Our Word", in which he worked as deputy editor, he wrote articles, mostly on political topics. For good progress in 1951, after graduation, he was awarded a silver medal.
Then the choice of the young man fell at the Mining Institute of Moscow, in which students were given outfits and the opportunity for additional earnings was provided, which was extremely necessary for Mikhail. Student practice of the young man was held in the Altai, working in parallel driller. On earned money went to the mother who was in prison. Tsetsilia Alexandrovna was amnestied only in 1954.
Works by Mikhail Shatrov
Choosing a literary path in his life, Michael - a relative of Samuel Marshak - decided to take the pseudonym of one of the heroes of his works and became Shatrov. The first printed publications were published in the local newspaper Gornaya Shoria.
The youth theme was one of the key in the writer's work. A vivid example are such plays: "Clean hands" (1954) and "Place in life" (1956), "Rain poured like a bucket" (1972).
The main drama of Mikhail Shatrov, on which the political situation in the country is strongly reflected, is devoted to the revolutionary theme. The talented author elevates nobleness, loyalty to revolutionary dogmas and honesty of people who took part in the revolution, and expresses bitterness from the defiance of these ideals by the young generation, which betrays the achievements of ancestors. The special significance of Mikhail Shatrov's play was in the period of the reviving Stalinism, which it was required to resist. In his works, the playwright, who believed in "socialism with a human face", turned to the Leninist principles of party life and firmly believed that a society in which rich and poor existed would need the ideas of Vladimir Ilyich. Hinting at the numerous plays written about Lenin, Faina Ranevskaya said: "Mikhail Shatrov is Krupskaya today."
The performances of Mikhail Shatrov always caused great resonance. On one of them, the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee together with Leonid Brezhnev came to the Moscow Art Theater.
Mikhail Shatrov's creative achievements
Mikhail Shatrov (photos of the last years of life below in the article) collaborated with many theaters, which easily won the audience thanks to his plays.
The most outstanding plays of the talented playwright: Weather for Tomorrow, Dictatorship of Conscience, Revolutionary Etude, The Name of the Revolution, The Brest Peace, Two lines in small print, Weather for Tomorrow, Sixth of July. Mikhail Filippovich also wrote screenplays for the films Sixth of July, Teheran-43, The Name of the Revolution, Bolsheviks, My Love in the Third Year.
Mikhail Shatrov: personal life
For all his life, Mikhail Shatrov had four marriages, three of them with actresses: Irina Miroshnichenko, Irina Mironova and Elena Gorbunova, after the divorce of the wife of Boris Berezovsky. The last wife, Julia Chernysheva, was 38 years younger than Mikhail. Their acquaintance took place thanks to the leading well-known television program "What? Where? When? "To Vladimir Voroshilov. From this marriage in 2000, the daughter of Alexander Michel, who lives today in America, was born.
There was no Mikhail Shatrov May 23, 2010, the cause of death was a heart attack. His ashes rest on the Troyekurovsky cemetery in Moscow.