Japanese henomales: features of planting and cultivation

Chanomeles Japanese (quince Japanese) - slowly growing shrub up to three meters high. Has long, flexible shoots pointing upwards. It is appreciated for beautiful flowers of bright red or brick-red shade. Buds are collected in inflorescences on Several pieces, unfold unevenly, because the flowering period is stretched for several weeks. The foliage also looks decorative: shiny, dark or bright green, egg-shaped. No less beautiful look on the background of bright green fruit of bright yellow and greenish-yellow hue.

Japanese henomales grow slowly - no more than 3-6 cm per year. It prefers sunny places, but it also develops well in the penumbra. The soil must be fertile and easy. It is distinguished by high winter hardiness, but at the temperature below -30 о С the ends of the branches can be frozen. Under good conditions, the plant blooms and fructifies annually, well tolerates pruning and drought. Thanks to this unpretentiousness, high decorativeness, Chaenomeles Japanese is used both in single and in group plantings. It is also grown as a hedge. Two-year-old seedlings are best for planting, of which then a magnificent quince of Japanese grows.

Planting is recommended in the early spring before the buds dissolve. You can plant this plant in the fall, but in this case, the seedlings need to be dipped and warmed. Usually, soil mixture is used: two parts of a peat bog and leaf land and one part of sand. For each plant add 200 grams of superphosphate, 30 grams of potassium sulfur and 10 kilograms of manure. The best thing Chaenomeles Japanese feels on light fertile soils with a slightly acid reaction. On alkaline soils it is affected by chlorosis and often dies.

Over the summer, three additional fertilizing are needed: in the early spring, nitrogen mixtures are spread, and after the flowering and removal of fruits, potash and phosphoric fertilizers are introduced in liquid form: 200-300 grams per 10 liters of water. Mulching is required. Watering - once a month. There is no need for loosening. It is carried out only when weeding is removed.

Crop chaenomeles Japanese once in 5-6 years. Crown cleaning is performed after flowering: remove damaged, dry, old branches. On strobovyh species, if necessary, remove those that develop below the vaccination. In conditions of severe winters, preparation for frost is necessary: young plants are covered with lapnik, the stems are bent to the ground and insulated.

In addition to cultivation for decorative purposes, the fruit of Japanese quince is also used. It is also called "northern lemon" for its high content of vitamin C. It has a characteristic smell and is covered with a waxy film, which prevents damage to the fruits, so they can be stored for a fairly long time.

Some species of this plant can be grown in tubs. Today, hybrid varieties with terry and semi-double colors of uncharacteristic color are introduced: pink, white, orange and red-brown. They are very beautiful, but, unlike the original species, they do not differ in winter hardiness. Chaenomeles Japanese (photos of some species are presented in the article) is highly decorative and unpretentious in care, which contributes to its high popularity when decorating garden and private plots.

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