Under ichthyosis is a violation of keratinization of skin tissues. It is manifested by specific formations, all of which look very much like scales of fish. It flows like a dermatosis and can be transmitted by inheritance.
Manifest disease can over time or be congenital (Harlequin ichthyosis). The exact reasons for its occurrence have not yet been established. Precisely, it can be said that it develops because of a gene mutation. Excessive amounts of amino acids in the blood lead to the fact that protein metabolism is disrupted, and because of the excess of cholesterol, the exchange of fats is disturbed. Such manifestations are signs of a genetic malfunction that can lead to ichthyosis.
The thermoregulation of patients is disrupted. Due to the excessive activity of enzymes, the processes of skin respiration accelerate, there are problems with the thyroid gland, adrenals, sex glands. Almost always you can observe a deficit of keratin, which has deviations in the structure.
With ichthyosis, dead cells are rejected very slowly. For this reason, the skin begins to appear horny scales. With time, amino acid complexes begin to accumulate between them. The skin hardens from this. Education is attached to each other, removing them is painful.
Ichthyosis of Harlequin
This form of the disease is the most severe. The fact is that Harlequin ichthyosis develops in the fetus, which is in the womb of the mother. This disease is inherited in an autosomal recessive type. Its first manifestations can be observed after the sixteenth week of intrauterine development.
Ichthyosis of Harlequin leads to the fact that the skin of a newborn becomes like a shell. This "shell" consists of peculiar dark shields. Their thickness can reach one centimeter. They themselves are pointed, flat, dense.
Between the scutes you can see the cracks. Ichthyosis Harlequin touches the entire surface of the body and even the face. The forecast in this case is extremely unfavorable. Children die early. This is due to the fact that a terrible disease affects all organs. Of course, existence from this becomes impossible. This ichthyosis is also caused by genetic mutations. In children, all body processes are violated, cholesterol rises. Immunity in those born with this disease is almost none, sweat glands are extremely bad.
This species is much more common than others. It is inherited. The first signs of it can be observed in the third month of the child's life. In some cases, symptoms begin to appear much later.
With it, the surface of the skin dries, becomes rough and is covered with scales. The person, as a rule, is not amazed. Patients have problems with kidneys, cardiovascular system, liver.
X-linked recessive ichthyosis
It appears only in boys. The first symptoms can be observed in the second week of life. For this species, brown-black scales on the skin are characteristic. The skin looks like a snake or a crocodile. The disease can be accompanied by epilepsy, can lead to a delay in mental development.
Everything depends on the severity of the disease itself. Treatment of ichthyosis can be performed in a stationary or outpatient setting. Patients are prescribed a very long vitamin course. Lipotropic drugs are also prescribed - this helps to avoid the solidification of scales. Measures are also taken to restore immunity.
Sometimes hormone therapy is used. To the local treatment can be referred to the treatment of flakes with potassium permanganate, baby cream and so on.
The disease progresses very quickly, which means that procrastination will lead to the fact that the internal organs also have to be treated.