How to treat chickenpox, many of us remember very well, since we were acquainted with her not by hearsay, having had this illness in childhood. Much less often happens to be sick with chicken pox in adulthood. This can happen if the childhood was not acquired immunity as a result of transferred chicken pox.
Veterinary pox is an infectious disease transmitted by airborne droplets and accompanied by a bubble rash. Infection through the objects that the patient touched is unlikely because of the brief period of the virus's existence in the external environment. The causative agent from the family of herpesviruses is extremely unstable in the air and dies within a few minutes. It is possible to get infected both from a patient with chickenpox and from a person suffering from shingles, since the pathogen is the same.
Even if we had chicken pox in childhood, we still have to deal with it again, when we find a characteristic rash in our children. Some of us still remember the symptoms of the disease, remember the unbearable itch and the body in green speckles. Даватйе we will recollect, as the disease proceeds, on what to pay attention at occurrences of the first signs and how to treat a chicken pox.
The onset of the disease is acute. First there is weakness, body temperature rises to 38 C, then there is a rash. The rash can be on any part of the body, including the head. Pink or red with a clear outline of round spots from the flat gradually turn into convex. After a while, clear, watery bubbles form in their center. After a couple of days they dry up and become covered with flat yellow or pale brown crusts. Eruptions cause severe itching. If they are not combed, then a week later the crust will fall off, leaving no scar or pockmarks.
Not everyone knows how to cure chickenpox so as to avoid combing the bubbles with children, so that later the scars do not remain because of this. A small child can wear gloves and cut his nails every day. Older children simply explain what permanent combing is fraught with.
2 days before the onset of the rash the patient becomes infectious and remains so after 5 days after the last rash. The incubation period lasts about 2-3 weeks. Fever and rash last for 7-10 days. The formation of crusts and the final cleansing of the skin will drag on for about a week.
Even if you know how to treat chickenpox in children, the doctor still needs to be called as soon as you notice that the baby begins to become stained. The pediatrician will tell in detail what to do.
Hospitalized with such a diagnosis is rare, mainly treatment takes place at home. All your actions should be aimed at preventing a second infection on the damaged skin. Otherwise, complications can not be avoided.
So, let's figure out how to treat chickenpox at home, and what you need to do for this.
Bed rest. Observed for a week, mostly, while the fever lasts. The temperature above 38 ° C must be brought down. Antipyretic appoint a doctor.
Lubrication of rashes. This is done to speed up the drying process of the bubbles and the formation of crusts in their place. For this, a 10% solution of potassium permanganate or zelenka is used.
Attenuation of itching. The skin is wiped off with boiled water and vinegar, then powdered with talcum powder or baby powder.
Avoid combing. Cut your nails or wear gloves.
Hygiene. Regularly change bed and underwear.
Accept warm baths. Only when all the bubbles dry up, it will help the crusts to fall off faster. After the bath, do not rub with a towel, but gently blot.
Diet. Food should be milk and vegetable. Exclude from the diet all the spicy, salty, sour, fried. Meat and fish steamed.
Abundant drink. Tea, compotes, non-acidic juices and just warm water.
So that the question "how to treat chickenpox" does not arise, it is possible to vaccinate against varicella. The practice of vaccination against this disease has existed for more than 30 years.