How to put the engine on UAZ diesel?

On cars UAZ install both types of engines: both petrol, and diesel. The latter type has a motor, which by its characteristics is one of the most powerful internal combustion units in the domestic market. The Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant produces engines of several series that have been modified from engines with four cylinders. Let's consider the engine on UAZ diesel more.

Characteristics of the UAZ diesel engine

The installation of this type of engines has become a new stage in the development of the Ulyanovsk Automobile Industry: more opportunities, improved parameters and functional of the car, more perfect dynamics and work in general. If we consider the engine ZMZ-5143, then its volume is slightly more than two liters. It is fast enough, equipped with a perfect system for gas recirculation and turbocharging. It is he who is put on cars "UAZ-Patriot".

Parameters of the diesel engine UAZ

Consider the parameters of the engine. It has a direct injection system with mechanical control. Cylinders are arranged in one row, vertically. Their work is done in the order of the first-third-second-fourth. The crankshaft turns to the right side. Power is ninety eight horsepower.

The engine on the UAZ diesel is equipped with filament plugs. The starter of the gearbox has remote start-up, and the fuel system is of a distributor type. The pump checker is mechanical.

In the cooling system there is a specialized unit for lubrication, which is a water-oil exchanger. It is located between the cylinder block and the oil filter. In the crankcase there is an oil pump with one section.

The cooling system has a closed type with the possibility of forced circulation. The weight of the engine without refueling is about two hundred kilograms. The volume of the charged motor increases by about ten liters.

Nuances of a diesel engine on UAZ

The engine on UAZ diesel in the cold needs to be warmed up, and in good. When starting the machine, if the outside temperature is below zero, it is recommended to wait a while while turning the key to the first position. This is done to warm the fuel filter. Before starting the engine in full operation, it is necessary to let it run for a short time in a low-power mode. To run the engine, you need to drive about three thousand kilometers.

The engine on the UAZ diesel requires some modes that will allow it to increase its service life.

Do not overheat it, which must be monitored all the time by the temperature gauge on the instrument panel. If you give high engine speed to the engine that is not heated up to the end, this will lead to an increase in fuel consumption and a faster wear of the engine parts.

Also it is necessary to observe the terms of technical inspection specified in the service book . In addition to this, you need to use only those oils and antifreeze, which are indicated in the same book.

Installation of a diesel engine on UAZ with their own hands

Put diesel engine on UAZ is not a very complicated business. Such work can be done on its own.

Before removing the engine, it is necessary to drain the antifreeze, disconnect all the nozzles, remove the blinds with the radiator. It will be good if the hood cover is also removed, as it interferes with the easy dismantling of the engine.

The next step is to remove all wires and pipes that are directly connected to the motor. These include a silencer, cardans, rope cables and more. Then the gearbox is unscrewed and removed, disconnected from the generator of the wire, the filters with the generator and the gasoline pump are unscrewed. From the stove and radiator all hoses are removed.

Removing the old motor and installing a new engine

After detaching the engine from all the parts suitable for it, you can remove it. Replacement of the UAZ diesel engine should be done by several people, since the motor weighs about two hundred kilograms. For this purpose, it is best to employ four or five people. It is desirable to hook the motor onto the cable and get it out of the passenger compartment.

Install diesel engine on UAZ, too, with the help of five people, in the same sequence in which it was withdrawn. To the motor are connected in reverse order all the necessary units - generator, gasoline pump and so on. All wires, nipples and a radiator are installed back. Then put the gearbox and clutch. The muffler is tightened, and at the end the hood cover is put.

Thus, it is clear that it is not so difficult to put a diesel engine on UAZ, as it seems at first.

Disturbances of the diesel engine and features of its disassembly

First, let's look at the reasons that will be a signal to disassemble the engine:

  • Increased oil consumption ;
  • Incomprehensible smoke from the motor;
  • A sharp increase in fuel consumption;
  • Unusual noises;
  • Falling compression.

Having identified the reasons, it is necessary to start repair work. Installation of the diesel engine on the UAZ requires its search every time the performance parameters deteriorate. It should be borne in mind that some parts can be reused in the future.

When disassembling the motor, it is cleaned of dust and dirt, burnt oil. After his analysis, they begin work on cleaning the carbon and degreasing the engine parts. If they are replaced during the repair, only new parts should be used, preferably the same manufacturer as the unit itself.

Diesel engines have one distinctive feature - if the failure is not rectified in time, then in the future it can lead to serious malfunctions or very rapid wear of parts, which ultimately leads to the final breakdown of the whole unit. Malfunctions in the operation of the engine similar to gasoline engines are detected using computer diagnostics.

Finally, we will give recommendations on what brands of engines will be suitable when installing a diesel engine on UAZ. Experienced drivers of domestic SUVs advise to install diesel from the car "Ford Sierra". A good option will also be the motor from the Mercedes.

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