There are more than 150 kinds of dracaena. Ten of them are houseplants. Dracaena is unpretentious in the care. Its species differ in the width and color of the leaves, as well as in the growth of the stem.
Methods of reproduction
There are several ways how to multiply the dracenus. These are seeds, cuttings and shoots from the tops of the plant.
It is used rarely, more often use cuttings and bends. The seed method is suitable only for plants with green leaves. The best time to plant seeds is early spring. Before you multiply the dracaena with seeds, you need to work on them, that is, to hold in the solution of epin, completely remove the remaining pulp from the grain. For the seed, a landing mixture is prepared from light turf and sand in equal proportions. If there is no way to prepare the sod land, it is replaced by peat. The planting mixture should be constantly slightly moistened, it is not recommended to allow overabundance or lack of moisture. The minimum air temperature in the room is + 23 ° С. Sprouts will appear in a month. As they grow, they transplant into separate containers, monitoring the air temperature and room lighting.
The other remaining ways, how to multiply the dracenus, involve pruning the main or side trunks. Therefore, you should inspect the tree and make sure that it is not sick. If the tip is dried, the apical cuttings will not work, and only the stem will have to be used. If the tree is in good condition, and has high shoots, then it is possible to combine propagation of dracaena by cuttings. For cuttings, select the upper part of the tree or directly the stem itself.
Upper cuttings propagation. To do this, you need a stem length of 15 cm. After trimming a little, it is dried and placed in water or wet soil mixture. The minimum air temperature should be + 25 ° C. The effectiveness of growth will increase the humidity of the air. To do this, apply the method of greenhouse effect - should cover the container with germs glass or a packet. Care consists of regular watering and venting the tank. In a month, the roots should appear, and you can put the sprouts in pots. Cut off places near the donor tree are treated with wax or paraffin.
Reproduction by shoots
If the length of the stem is large, you can use not only the upper part of the tree to root, but also to escape. Cut the stem into a large length and cut into blocks - 10 cm. We process them with a growth stimulator and carefully place them in the prepared mixture for seedlings. The main thing - the presence of eyes on brusochkah. Care and further action, as well as how to root the apex, is described above.
Method - airlift
This method allows you to get a new tree on the old one. We outline the length of the future plant and we cut the trunk of the old one to half on this place. In the resulting cut, you need to insert something small and solid, sometimes enough matches. Under the slice, we slip a bag with moistened sphagnum or peat. Watering in this case is carried out by a syringe. As the roots grow, we make the final trimming of the trunk and plant a new tree in the pot.