How much chickenpox is virulent after rashes for others

Unlike most viruses, chicken pox has a cunning incubation period. Therefore, the main question that interests both already infected and potential patients is: how much is chickenpox contagious in the latent period and in an open form? What are the medicines for varicella, is it possible to prevent the disease, is it necessary to treat the green? We'll figure out.

Where do patients get chickenpox?

Before answering the question, how much chickenpox is contagious, it is necessary to understand what this "child" illness is. Any medical guide will respond that it is a viral infection that is caused by a third type of herpes. The biggest problem of the ailment is that it is incredibly contagious.

There are two ways to catch chickenpox:

  1. Airborne droplets.
  2. Get as a complication from herpes zoster.

In most cases, the disease comes first. The virus itself is able to travel long distances - a few meters from its carrier. If the child lives on the staircase "decorated" with greenery, there is no point in guessing how much time the chickenpox is infected specifically with him. Peculiar herpes can get to a healthy person from another floor and even from a nearby house.

The disease prefers people with weakened immunity, so the outbreak of chickenpox falls on autumn-winter.

Chickenpox in children

Most often on the sick there are children. And a child under the age of 10 years is easily tolerated by this insidious virus. The main symptom of chickenpox is considered to be red vesicles. They appear on the chest, face and back, subsequently "grasping" the entire body. Sometimes a rash can be found even in the mouth. Sitting "sores" is absolutely impossible, otherwise the ailment will remain in the body longer and can lead to dangerous complications. On average, the child pours out about 200-300 vesicles for the entire chickenpox.

Sometimes other symptoms of the disease are added to the rash and itching:

  • temperature;
  • Decreased appetite;
  • Decreased mood;
  • headache.

Usually, chicken pox is affected by organized children. In the kindergarten, school, health camp - a big risk of catching an "itchy rash." Probably no one can answer the question, how many chickenpox is contagious in children who go to school together with your child. The fact is that not all parents comply with security measures and sometimes lead to a group of an infected or newly infected child.

A big problem for adults

The chickenpox stops being an innocuous sore already during puberty. After 12 years, she is ill with severe and almost always with complications. The safest are the scars and scars that remain after scars. Worst of all, the ailment of pregnant women. The virus harms not only the adult body, but also the unborn child.

Symptoms in adults are:

  • A sharp increase in temperature to 39-40 ° C.
  • Nausea and vomiting (a sign of intoxication).
  • Dizziness and fainting.
  • Body aches.

In addition, adults most often become inflamed lymph nodes. Especially the neck area and behind the ears suffer. In order not to seek an answer to the question of how many days the chickenpox is infected after the rash, and not be afraid that the virus will spread from the child to an adult family member, it is better to secure yourself in advance and put an inoculation against the virus.

Do you need a green?

In Europe and America, no doubt, will be surprised if they see a child or an adult from head to foot "decorated" with greenery. But residents of the former Soviet Union at the first signs of chickenpox immediately flee to the pharmacy to buy a "diamond green."

In fact, green:

  • Does not relieve itching;
  • Does not stop the rash.

Why is she so much to smear? The fact is that every doctor knows how much chickenpox is virulent after rash: exactly 5 days after the appearance of the last bladder. How to determine when the last sore popped up? It turns out, just with the help of green.

In Western countries are guided by a different sign. They look at the rash itself. If there are bubbles without a dark crust, then the disease is still dangerous.

How many days is the disease contagious?

When approaching the question of how much chickenpox is contagious, one can not lose sight of the incubation period of the disease. From 1 to 3 weeks the virus does not show itself. The infected person feels fine, and without special tests, nobody can determine this species of smallpox. This does not prevent a few days before the onset of a rash of chickenpox become infectious.

That is, the patient goes to school, kindergarten, to work and carries a herpes virus with them everywhere. Therefore, so often people can not understand exactly where they picked up the disease.

Another question, how many days is chickenpox after rash? An exact answer to it can not be given. On average, the bubbles appear 4-12 days after the first "sore". All this time the patient is dangerous to others.

It turns out, chickenpox is contagious 2-3 days before the rash, the entire period of the rash (4-12 days) and 5 days after the appearance of the last bubble.

Competent treatment

First you need to understand what to do with chickenpox can not. Namely:

  1. Take antibiotics. The herpes virus, like any other, is not a bacterium, which means that such drugs can not cope with it.
  2. Aspirin. With chicken pox, its consumption can lead to liver damage.
  3. Alcohol solutions. Increase the risk of scarring.

What you can do:

  • Drink plenty of fluids;
  • Take antipyretics, if necessary;
  • More often change clothes and bedding.

With severe itching, you can use antihistamines. For example, potassium permanganate or ointment Castellani. It is extremely undesirable to wash at the same time. Otherwise, the bubbles will start spreading faster on the body.

Children usually cope without additional drug therapy. Adults, as well as parents of babies should always consult a doctor to choose the right treatment. If the temperature does not decrease for a long time, and pus is formed in the vesicles, call an ambulance.

Despite the fact that most parents know, through how much chickenpox is not contagious, it is not necessary to send the child to the team right after the illness. A few weeks is best to stay home to restore the immune system.

Prophylaxis and vaccination

To already in adulthood not to suffer the question of how much chickenpox is contagious, doctors are recommended to be vaccinated. This is especially true for:

  1. Women who have not had any illness in their childhood, who plan pregnancy.
  2. All other adults who did not run into chickenpox.
  3. Children with low immunity.

In America and Western Europe, varicella vaccine is given to all children and adults according to the national program. In Russia it is quite expensive vaccination. However, if there is a financial opportunity, it is recommended not to refuse it. In a kind of herpes can be quite serious complications, including inflammation of the brain. It's just the vaccine will have to be put on a regular basis, it does not give lifelong immunity. In turn, it is impossible to get chickenpox again.

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