EducationSecondary education and schools

Herbaceous plants: examples and photos

Herbaceous plants are found in every natural zone and on any continent. They are extremely common and familiar to almost everyone. What are their most known species and what are the characteristics of such representatives of the flora?

Acids vulgaris

It is perennial, whose height does not exceed ten centimeters. Like other types of herbaceous plants, the crab has a creeping rhizome. Leaves have long petioles and heart-shaped leaves that are folded along. Flowers are single, with a white corolla, occasionally of a purple or purple hue. Fruits look like light brown boxes. Bloom blooms in May or June. Fruits ripen by August. Kislitsu is distinguished by vegetative reproduction, in which the rhizome grows, and also the seeds spread from the capsules. Many other herbaceous plants, examples of which will be given below, also use these methods. Kislitsa is found in damp coniferous forests, its thickets tend to form a continuous cover. It can be eaten: leaves are rich in oxalic acid and vitamin C, suitable for soup, seasonings, lettuce, tea.

Stinging Nettle

Making a list, which includes perennial herbaceous plants (examples are known to all), it is worth mentioning this. Nettle is perennial, reaching a height of one and a half meters. The plant has a long horizontal rhizome. The flowering and fruiting period lasts all summer. Seeds are used for reproduction: one plant can give them up to twenty-two thousand. Nettle can often be seen near roads and fences, on vacant lots, most often it creates dense thickets. The plant can be used for food and medicinal purposes. From young shoots, it is possible to weld green cabbage soup, but as a preventive tool for nettles is used when there is a shortage of vitamins in the body. In addition, preparations based on it are used to heal wounds and stop blood, to stimulate the gallbladder. Folk recipes use nettles for hair care. The plant is suitable for feeding pigs, birds, cows. From the stems it is possible to produce a fiber that is suitable for creating a fabric or ropes, and the leaves with a rhizome used to be used as a natural dye.

Purity big

A perennial plant reaches a height of almost a meter. The celandine has straight and branched stems with leaves, the upper side of which is green, and the lower side is sisaya. Herbaceous plants, examples of which were given above, bloom quite inconspicuously. Quite another matter - clean. He has bright yellow flowers, arranged umbrellas. Fruits are pod-shaped capsules with a lot of seeds. In any part of the plant contains orange juice. The celandine blooms from May to August, and the fruits appear in July. You can meet the plant near roads and dwellings, in ditches, abandoned parks and gardens. It is used in veterinary medicine, as well as as an insecticide: a powder of celandine can protect cultural planting from garden beetles. Juice is used to remove skin growths, and grass is used for dyeing wool in yellow and red tones. If all herbaceous plants, the examples of which were given above, can be eaten, then the celandine is poisonous. It does not fit for food purposes.

Gravilat river

Herbaceous plants, photos and names of which are not so well known, are also worthy of mention. For example, a river gravel, reaching seventy centimeters in height and featuring strong roots and a thick dark red stalk. The plant has several flowers in the form of bells, with pink petals, covered with brown veins. Fruits are spread by people and animals, they have special hooks. Blossom gravel in June. Fruits ripen in July. You can see gravel at the edges of swamps or water bodies, as well as in meadows and in bushes. Its roots are used in folk medicine and for the manufacture of paint. This genus of herbaceous plants is not dangerous and is suitable for preparing fresh salad or green seasonal soup.

Marsh Marsh

Enumerating herbaceous plants, photos of which are easily recognized by everyone, it is worth calling this species. Osot is a perennial, capable of growing up to two and a half meters in height. The plant contains milky juice. Osot is distinguished by a small powerful rhizome and swept leaves. Its inflorescences resemble baskets, located at the very top of the stem. They are distinguished by a yellow color. Fruits that mature by August look like tetrahedral achenes. You can meet the marsh bog on the shore of the reservoir, quite in accordance with the name - near the swamp, in bush thickets on moist soil, and also in river floodplains: in such areas plants can be seen in grass, near a road or in a ditch.

Similar articles





Trending Now






Copyright © 2018 Theme powered by WordPress.