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Dysmenorrhea - what is it and how to treat it?

During menstruation, many women experience severe pain in the lower abdomen. In addition to these pains, other symptoms may occur in girls and women, for example, general weakness, nausea, vomiting, headaches, lack of appetite, dizziness and even fainting, and sometimes there is fever (37-37.5 ° C). In such situations, women think that they have just caught a cold, and do not even suspect that the fault is dysmenorrhea.

Dysmenorrhea - what is it and how to fight it?

Dysmenorrhea (from Latin translates as "disturbance during monthly bleeding") is a cyclic pathological process, often accompanied by rather painful sensations. Sometimes the pain is so severe that women are forced to spend menstruation days in bed, skip classes in educational institutions or absent from the workplace. That is why dysmenorrhea is not only a medical, but also a social problem, especially sad is the fact that the malaise is of a sufficiently massive nature. Throughout the world, from 30% to 50% of women suffer from dysmenorrhea.


Dysmenorrhea is primary and secondary. Primary dysmenorrhea is detected either immediately after the onset of the first menstruation, or a few months after their onset. Painful sensations with malaise of this type can occur several hours before the month or during the first day. Primary dysmenorrhea is absolutely not related to gynecological diseases and is functional.

Primary dysmenorrhea - what is it and what are the causes of its appearance?

The cause of this pathology may be primarily a hereditary factor. In addition, stress, problems on the personal front or in the family, as well as adverse environmental and living conditions, can provoke painful menstruation . It happens that women who have this problem before the first birth, after the birth of the firstborn, are happy to note that painful menstruation either completely disappeared or became less noticeable. This means that they had primary dysmenorrhea, that this is not caused by any serious disorder in the body. Nevertheless, the main cause of this pathology lies in neuroendocrine dysfunction, as well as in the production of a large number of prostaglandins - bioactive substances. All this leads to excessive contractions in the smooth muscles and vasospasm, hence the pain in the lower abdomen.

Dysmenorrhea secondary - what are the causes of its appearance?

Unlike primary, secondary dysmenorrhea appears in women aged 25 years or more. This occurs if a woman has some kind of organic pathology of the childbearing system, for example, inflammation in the pelvis, development of tumors, endometriosis, adhesions in the pelvis, etc. The cause of secondary dysmenorrhea can also be contraceptives used by a woman to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Soreness in the abdominal area, as a rule, appears for a day or two before the onset of critical days.


Now you know the meaning of the word "dysmenorrhea", what kind of ailment it is and how it manifests itself. If you belong to that half of the weaker sex, which suffers dysmenorrhea, then you better not postpone the trip to the gynecologist, because it is important to find out what form of indisposition is present at you. Otherwise, you will have to undergo a complete examination to determine the cause of its occurrence and further treatment.

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