News and SocietyNature

Dunka - the fungus is deadly poisonous

Dunka is a fungus that belongs to the swine. Previously, it was considered conditionally edible and was used for food. But now he was referred to poisonous macromycetes. In some modern reference books in the description it is possible to meet the definition as deadly poisonous. The people called him "dunka". The fungus also has a scientific name - a thin pig. On the territory of the Russian Federation, several deaths were recorded after eating it.

Dunka mushrooms in their composition contain such toxic substances as lectins. Perhaps they also contain muscarine. When heat treated, these substances are not destroyed. It does not help even repeated boiling, to which some mushroom pickers resort. After frequent use of these macromycetes in human food, blood composition may change . This is dangerous for life and health.

Dunka is a fungus that can not be eaten regularly. Under the influence of harmful substances in the blood begins the formation of antibodies-agglutinins, which react to macromycete antigens (we mean not occasional techniques, but permanent ones). Agglutinins accumulate in the body over time. When their number exceeds a certain threshold, they begin to destroy the red blood cells.

Experts say that the period of onset of poisoning depends on the characteristics of a particular organism. Someone constantly eats thin swine, and poisoning occurs only after a few years. However, some people have increased sensitivity to agglutinins, so poisoning can occur immediately and lead to death. This macromycete is more dangerous than the traditional well-known poisonous mushrooms. Although many mushroom pickers do not recognize this and consider dunka conditionally edible. The consumption of this fungus in combination with alcohol significantly increases the level of toxins in the blood.


The mushroom's hat has a diameter of 3-12 cm. Initially, it is convex (felted and wrapped edges), and further impressed and flattened, slightly funnel-shaped. Edge dropped, straight ribbed or frontal, often fibrous. The surface of the cap is velvety, dry, in wet weather - sticky and shiny. Its color is olive-brown or ocher-brown, it darkens when pressed. Dunka is a fungus, which has medium, ocher-brown descending plates, somewhat lighter in color than the cap. When pressing, they also darken. The powder of the spores is brown. The leg of this macromycete has a short (cylindrical shape), smooth, sometimes narrowed to the base, with a diameter of up to 2 cm and a length of up to 6 cm. Its color is lighter than the cap. The flesh, at first dense and soft, eventually becomes loose. Its color is yellowish brown, darkens on slices and slices. Mushrooms dunki (photos need to be carefully studied) are often wormy, like other unconditionally edible gifts of the forest.


Dunka is a mushroom that can be found in the forest from the middle of June to November. This macromycete can be found in forest tracts, in shady wet places. It is often found in the woodlands, in the park areas, in the kitchen gardens, and sometimes even on tree trunks. This mushroom grows singly and families. He prefers shrubs, young birch forests, oaks. It can be found on the outskirts of sphagnum bogs, on the fringes, near mossy pines and firs.

Similar articles





Trending Now






Copyright © 2018 Theme powered by WordPress.