HealthDiseases and Conditions

Diet for acute pancreatitis

One of the most common diseases of the abdominal cavity is acute pancreatitis. Symptoms, treatment, diet - all you need to know about this disease.

Pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease of the pancreas, which plays an important role in the digestive system. Iron produces enzymes that enter the duodenum, where they are involved in the process of digesting proteins, carbohydrates and fats. With inflammation of the pancreas, the production of enzymes is difficult, which leads to disruption of the gastrointestinal tract.

Develops acute pancreatitis as a result of overeating, alcohol abuse, entrain fatty, fried, spicy food. The disease can be triggered by chronic cholecystitis, peptic ulcer , cholelithiasis, poisonings, infections, endocrine disorders, trauma.

For acute pancreatitis , severe pains at the top of the abdomen, which are worse after eating, are characterized by fever, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal swelling, and laceration in the tongue. Pain can cause loss of consciousness, increased heart rate, lowering blood pressure. The patient should receive complete peace. Cold areas should be applied to the inflamed area.

The diagnosis is based on ultrasound, which shows an increase in the size of the pancreas. In addition, blood and urine are taken for analysis. With pancreatitis in the blood, the level of leukocytes and ESR is increased. In urine, the level of amylase is increased.

The therapeutic diet for acute pancreatitis is of great importance, since it helps to reduce pain. In the first three or four days, fasting is shown, which should ensure complete rest of the inflamed pancreas. During this period you can drink only non-cold mineral water without gas. After three or four days they switch to six meals a day in small portions. Diet for acute pancreatitis should be high in calories and contain a full set of necessary elements. The recommended calorie content is about 2500 kilocalories. It is necessary to increase the consumption of well digestible protein foods and reduce the amount of fats and carbohydrates.

When pancreatitis can not eat too hot and too cold - the food should be moderately warm. Diet in acute pancreatitis should not include stews and fried foods. Boiled and steamed food is recommended. You should prepare only liquid, semi-liquid and wiped dishes. In the first few days of illness salt from the diet should be completely eliminated.

Nutrition for acute pancreatitis should be gentle. A week after the onset of the disease, you can include mucous porridges, soups, mashed potatoes, kefir, kissels. You can eat steamed dishes from lean beef, chicken, fish. It is recommended to prepare steam curd puddings, carrot puree, egg white omelet, cheese mass, wheat crumbs. Of the drinks shows a decoction of wild rose, a weak tea, a decoction of currant leaves. When pancreatitis is useful, cottage cheese and sour-milk products. Not recommended heated fat - it should be added to ready-made meals. The amount of butter should not exceed 15 grams per day.

Do not eat: fatty fish and meat, sour cream, mayonnaise, cream, smoked meat, fat, buns, canned goods, coffee, cocoa, carbonated drinks, pickled, salted and spicy dishes. From the diet you need to exclude fresh greens and vegetables: spinach, sorrel, radish, radish, cabbage, turnips. Contagious fat beef, pork, duck and goose meat, rich broths, mushroom soups, pancakes, cakes, chocolate. Harmful with pancreatic beans, causing fermentation and gas formation. It is necessary to completely abandon alcohol and smoking.

Diet for acute pancreatitis is prescribed by a doctor. It is recommended to observe it within a year. This will help to stop the disease and avoid the chronic stage.

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