A common disease - cholelithiasis - occurs in 1/5 of the population among women and 1/10 of men over 45 years of age, much more often observed in people prone to fatness. Disturbance of metabolic processes and infection of bile are the main causes of the disease.
How dangerous is gallstone disease? Symptoms. Treatment
Deposits of stones created in the gallbladder or in the hepatic and bile ducts, when moving along the bile ducts, create severe pains that are felt in the collarbone, right arm or scapula. Serious complications for the body, the threat of blood poisoning and the danger of mechanical jaundice can create a stone stuck in the bile duct. It should also be noted the danger to the woman and the fetus, which is fraught with gallstone disease, if it occurs in late pregnancy.
Severe pain, a feeling of heaviness in the right upper quadrant, attacks of acute cholecystitis, biliary colic with pronounced dryness and bitterness in the mouth that occur after or during meals are the primary primary symptoms that accompany gallstones. It is extremely rare, but still there is an asymptomatic occurrence of this type of disease.
Most often, clearly expressed symptoms of cholelithiasis are an indication for surgical intervention (an operation in which the gallbladder is removed).
Operation and the ability of the body to function without a gallbladder
The use of modern medical equipment, manipulators and laparoscopes allows the operation to be performed in less than one hour. Small incisions on the outside of the abdominal wall, significantly reduce the traumatic syndrome for body tissues and shorten the recovery period after surgery.
In the postoperative period, patients do not suffer from the symptoms that were associated with cholelithiasis. After operation all Functions of the gallbladder are performed by the bile ducts of the liver, which adapt to this condition during the first month after the operation. The person who underwent surgery, according to the results of which the gallbladder with the deposits was removed, acquires all the signs of a healthy person in no more than 6 to 8 months. The ban on fatty and spicy food remains valid, although such patients do not suffer from digestive disorders and eat like all healthy people, using a variety of foods.
Preventive methods of treatment of the disease are based on medicines, dietary nutrition, herbs and physical education.
The medicamentous method of prophylaxis is effective at small formations of gallstones. The doctor prescribes drugs that change the chemical composition of bile and improve its flow. With severe pain, antispastic drugs and vitamins are prescribed. It will be useful to use broths from the fruit of dog rose, the flowers of the immortelle and corn stigmas.
Dietary food and exercise
Restriction or refusal for patients with cholelithiasis from certain foods (special diet) significantly reduces pain, and in the early stages helps avoid exacerbations and contributes to the cure of patients. It is necessary to refuse fried, spicy, salty and smoked food, as well as from foods that contain alcohol, coffee, chocolate and egg yolks. Food should be divided into 5 to 6 receptions. The diet consists of vegetables, jelly, dishes from boiled fish and low-fat meat, dairy and vegetarian soups, oatmeal and buckwheat porridge, pasta, cottage cheese and honey.
Easy jogging or walking in the morning, simple activities in the gym, daily breathing exercises in the fresh air will significantly reduce the risk of gallstone disease and increase the chances of staying healthy.