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Crayfish catching in autumn. Ways to catch crayfish with your hands

People have been catching crayfish since ancient times. And in the Middle Ages, they were even used for medicinal purposes: the ashes from the burned alive by these representatives of a detachment of decapods helped with the bites of a snake, a rabid dog and a scorpion. Cooked crayfish were prescribed, for example, during treatment for exhaustion.

Even in the sixteenth century in the Swedish royal court taste qualities of crayfish were highly appreciated. Peasants caught and supplied them to the houses of the nobility, but they themselves treated this "shellfish" with a degree of mistrust.

general information

Crayfish are rather whimsical to habitat conditions. The reservoir in which they can exist must be fresh, since they do not reproduce in a salt environment. In addition, the crayfish are sensitive to pollution, but if the living conditions around are favorable, then they can be found in a variety of places - lakes, starets and streams. However, they are found most often in rivers.

Crayfish are twilight inhabitants of reservoirs. Their intensive period of nutrition falls on time after sunset or at dawn, although in cloudy weather they eat in the afternoon. To search for food, they can crawl ashore, staying there for several hours. Crayfish feed on water vegetation - shoots of pond, buckwheat, etc. But for normal development, these arthropods need animal food. Therefore, they eat mollusks, mosquitoes, caddis flies, tadpoles, sick or skinny fish, frogs, etc.

When to catch crawfish?

The season of catching these arthropods begins in July and lasts until the end of the second autumn month. Catching crayfish in September depends on the weather and water temperature. From the second half of the month, the amount of production begins to decline.

Towards the end of October the meat of crayfish changes its taste qualities, their shell gradually hardens. If in May and June it was warm, and the water temperature was high, then the moult of these arthropods ends already before the season of hunting for them. And then from the beginning of July the catches are good. But if the summer was cold and molting was late, then the crayfish will begin to move only from the end of July, after the final hardening of the shell.

On crayfish in September

Weather strongly influences this kind of "hunting". On an overcast or rainy day, these arthropods are easier to catch than clear ones. That is why many believe that catching crayfish in autumn is the most productive. But in windy and very bad weather, in a thunderstorm or downpour to the pond it is better not to go out, because it is unlikely to be able to return home with prey.

Catching crayfish in September occurs at a depth ranging from thirty centimeters to one meter. The burrows of these inhabitants of reservoirs are not too difficult to find. They can be occupied by any deepening between stones or driftwood. But there you can find only adults, the youngest is better to look for in shallow water.

The tricks of autumn fishing

Many seasoned rakolovy go to the pond in the evening, in order to go out hunting for the prey with the onset of darkness. The easiest way to catch crayfish in autumn is a flashlight. This is the simplest and least unpretentious method, in which the only tackle is the "ray of light". Actually, the hunt itself is as follows: one of the fishermen illuminates the bottom of the reservoir with a powerful searchlight, and the other walks nearby and collects the prey into the cage with the help of the net. This catching of crayfish in autumn is very similar to picking mushrooms after the rain. Often, mining itself creeps to the shore, where it can easily be collected without any effort.

However, such an unpretentious at first glance catching crayfish in the fall has its limitations: the water in the pond must be as transparent as possible. Only in this case the flashlight will be able to illuminate a sufficiently large area. There is such a "collection" of production at a distance of two or three meters from the shore.

The easiest autumn way to catch

Of the rigging, only a sufficiently powerful floodlight is required to illuminate the bottom, a net for drawing arthropods out of the water and, of course, a bag or cage where the prey can be folded.

Such catching crayfish in autumn is most effective if two or three people participate in it. At the same time, such requirements for catching crayfish, like a net, are subject to certain requirements. Its length should be at least two meters. For a basis it is necessary to take as much as possible easy, but a strong stick. The latter characteristic is mandatory in order to be able to capture cancer along with the surrounding mud or part of the clay bottom, reducing the likelihood of its withdrawal.

Where to catch?

Crayfish are found, as is known, only in clean water bodies. If the lake or river is heavily polluted or not rich in oxygen, then going to them for these arthropods is a waste of time. In this case, the best places for catching crayfish are those in which water stagnates faster.

There are these underwater inhabitants at different depths: in some lakes and rivers, cancers can be caught by entering the water up to the knee or slightly higher, while in others it is necessary to search for them at a depth of up to three meters.

These arthropods are great lovers of the rocky bottom, where they seek for themselves numerous hideouts. Often they can be found in reservoirs with clay soil. Here they dig up the mink under the shady steep banks. But in shallow places, where a hard sandy bottom, they can not be found. These underwater inhabitants do not tolerate water bodies with a muddy or thickly overgrown algae base.

Ways to catch crayfish

These arthropods can be caught in a variety of ways. This can be and catching crayfish by hand, and using special inventions for this type of hunting. Many fishermen do not understand, and therefore ignore catching these arthropods, believing that there is no excitement and sporting interest in it. However, those who have ever felt pleasure, having caught them, will never miss the opportunity to once again enjoy.

The most common are the following ways of catching crayfish:

  • Hands;
  • Rakolovkami;
  • Fishing rod;
  • In the gym.

All of them are catchy and are not considered poaching.

Catch without equipment

Catching crayfish by hand is the most primitive and the most ancient way. Trapper, carefully moving in the water, peers under the stones or trunks of trees, under which these arthropods hide in the daytime. Noticing the prey, he quickly grasps it, so that it does not hide or run away. Of course, this method of catching crayfish is not suitable for those who are afraid of sharp claws. The biggest "harvest" can be collected at night, when the crayfish that have emerged from their shelters are easily assembled by the lantern when the bottom of the reservoir is lit.

Hands can grab them only in the case when the depth of the river or lake is not more than one and a half meters. For deeper places, so-called "mites" are used. This wooden device for catching crayfish makes it easy to catch and lift the prey from the water. The mites have a length of one to three meters, and so that they do not damage the catch, they are made hollow.

A more simple equipment is a long stick, at the end of which a cleft is made, expanded with a small pebble or a wooden block. With such an adaptation it is impossible to get the cancer out of the water, they just press it to the bottom and only then reach out with the hand. Fishing with ticks requires enough skill, as these arthropods only seem slow. But as soon as they feel the danger, they run away very quickly.


For this method of fishing a bait is used, tied to a line or stick. Cancer clings into it and holds tight. And the hunter is left to pick it up with a net and pull it out of the water. Catching crayfish on a fishing rod from fish fishing is different in that it does not use hooks, so extraction at any time can be unhooked.

Tackling is done primitively and simply: a fishing line is tied to a two-meter stick, and a bait is attached to it. The end of the fishing rod is fixed: this can be done by plunging it into the bottom of the lake or river near the shore. A catcher can use several gears at the same time.

Nozzles are piling crayfish in stagnant water on an area of about ten square meters. Therefore, do not put the fishing rod often. It is better to stick the tackles on the shoreline at a distance of five or seven meters from each other.

All night and night, depending on the intensity of the zhora, the fishing rods need to be checked periodically, sometimes even four times per hour. The catching area should not exceed two hundred meters in length so that it would be convenient for the hunter to check the fishing rods in time, so that the crayfish could not eat the bait and leave. If during one evening the catch goes down, it is better to move to a new location.

When checking the fishing rod, you need to gently pull it out, slowly and smoothly raise, so that the crustacean trapped in the bait does not unhook, but was pulled out along with it to the surface. Then the fisherman, lowered into the water from the bottom, gently picks up the prey.

Other tackles

The fishing rod can be replaced with a jerkin or a muffin. These uniforms with her gear are no less effective. The equipment is assembled as follows: to one end of the line, better than one and a half meter, the bait is attached, and to the other end - the float. When using the stylus near the bait, the sinker is tied.


Today, crayfish are widely used for catching crayfish - a grid of cylindrical shapes that are stretched over a round metal hoop. The latter is most often made of wire with a galvanic coating. Its most common diameter is fifty centimeters. To avoid skewing Races to the hoop at the same distance, three or four equal in length thin cords should be tied. They are connected by one common node, in the loop of which a stronger rope for lifting and lowering the tack is passed. In the case of fishing from the shore, the end of the cord is attached to the pole.

The bait is attached to the grid on a cord stretched across the diameter of the hoop. Then the trap falls to the bottom. The cord for lifting the frame is attached to a buoy or pole secured to the bank of the bank. This kind of catching is based on the following: the extraction, which has seized the bait, no longer has a chance to get out. It is necessary to raise the rakolovki quickly, not burdensome.

At the same time, you can hunt several races at once. Usually, traps are placed at a depth of one to three meters.


Crayfish eat almost everything: worm, corn, but especially catch on rotten meat or fish. And this means that it is advisable to use the same tuft for bait as well. Nice to attract crayfish and canned peas.

Those who are going to fish with the help of traps can simply pour a jar of these beans into gauze, tie it and attach it to the rakolovke. If the arthropods are in the pond, then they will surely feel the bait.

Experienced rakolovy advise with this goal to use either makuhu or black bread. It is interesting, but in different reservoirs the crayfish react differently to the identical bait.

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