The name of the plant came from the appearance of its globular heads with needles. It does not sound very nice - a mugger. Types, properties, application in folk medicine of this miracle of nature are valued by gardeners and healers of the whole world.
Types of plants
The mammal belongs to the perennial, rarely occurs as an annual herbaceous plant. There are about 190 species in the genus, which are common in Europe, Asia and Africa. In the vastness of Russia it grows mainly in the steppe zones, also can be found in the southern part of the country and Siberia. The most common types of mug are:
• broad leaf.
In the wild, the common mordan is more common. The people gave him interesting names: a steep Adam's head, a blue ball, and others.
From the common mongrel, there is little difference between a shaggy head and a muzzle. Only on all useful indicators it is an order of magnitude higher. The peduncles of the shorthaired papilla reach sometimes 2 m in height. The head of the inflorescence is about 6 cm in diameter, very decorative, bluish-silvery.
Growing a pest from seed
First of all, you need to know how this plant can be grown. Considering that this is a perennial herb, it is necessary to choose the site of planting so that in subsequent years the beds with the gardener do not interfere with other plantings. The plant can grow up to three and more meters in height already in the second year.
One of the ways by which the ordinary mongrel breeds is growing from seeds. Before sowing, they are stratified and in the autumn they are sown in prepared boxes with soil. They leave it under snow for the whole winter period. Upon the arrival of spring, the seeds from the boxes are sown, they are sown on the beds. Do it better at the time when carrots are sown.
Sow the seeds in the grooves, located at a distance of up to 30 cm, to a depth of 2 cm. The crops can be covered with a film for better germination. During the appearance of sprouts, maintain soil moisture. Blossom mordovnik ordinary can under favorable conditions for the second year. The flowering time is about 45 days. But to receive a beautiful ornamental plant when sowing seeds is not always obtained. Therefore it is better to use the method of propagation.
What does the morgue look like?
The mulberry is a plant from 30 cm to 2 m in height. These are bushes of dense stems, which are covered with prickly leaves of gray-green color. Stem stem sometimes pubescent, fleshy.
The flowers of the plant are globular capitate inflorescences 3-5 cm in diameter. They have white corolla, dark blue anthers. Leaves-wrappers are light blue. Because of this, the mug was given the popular name "white tartar", "blue-head".
The fruits of the plant are achenes, which have a cup-shaped crest having a cylindrical shape. The length of the achenes is about 6 mm. Seeds of the mint have a lot of fatty oil. The smell is not there, only a subtle, pleasant aroma is felt. Oil is one of the best vegetable fats, as it does not harden even at 20-degree frost.
The mugger: application
The farmer is not particularly used on the farm. It is also not considered a malicious weed. In the villages of the Orenburg region there is a belief that if you hang a bouquet of a mardinant over the entrance door, then no impure force will enter the house.
The aerial part of the plant has found wide application as an organic fertilizer, because the herb has many trace elements. Common violet mordant often used by florists to compose winter bouquets. This plant growers-gardeners are bred in gardens as decorative thanks to its attractive inflorescences in the form of a ball.
Seeds of the mint were widely used in engineering. From them an oil is obtained, which can be diluted with salts and sticky liquids. It is also used to reduce the friction of technical details.
Common mammal - melliferous grass
This perennial very high plant is endowed with an impressive productivity of nectar. Textbooks on beekeeping in Soviet times, wrote that it is 1100-1200 kg per hectare. This indicator remained stable every year, with the exception of periods of plant freezing.
The aroma of flowers attracts bees very much with its fragrance. Nectar is released even in an unfavorable summer. The productivity of honey is about 300 kg per hectare.
Common mongrel and its medicinal properties
Traditional medicine has found application to the mordovnik for medicinal purposes. It is used as a tonic and restorative. In people suffering from hypotension and hypertension, when taking medications from this plant, working capacity improves and well-being improves. The mug is used to treat dermatitis and lung diseases.
The roots of the plant also have healing properties. They are used as a diuretic and diaphoretic. Preparations from the root of the mordovnik are effective in the treatment of infectious hepatitis and intermittent fever. With pleurisy, respiratory infections and headaches, inflorescence of the plant is more often used. They also have a positive effect during the treatment of epilepsy, malaria and mental illness, as well as gastroenteritis.
Chinese medicine was highly appreciated by the ordinary mordant for his haemostatic and anti-inflammatory properties. During the study of the galenic form of the plant, a positive effect on the nervous system was proved. During the intake of tincture, the vessels expand and the amplitude of the heart beats increases.
There is evidence that this simple plant showed good results in the treatment of multiple sclerosis and paralysis of the facial nerve. In addition, it helps to quickly eliminate the effects of radiation damage.
Collection and storage
The common mongrel has collected all his medicinal qualities in roots and fruits. To prepare the achenes, from August to September cut the inflorescences (heads with fruits), which are placed to dry in a well ventilated place. Raw materials can be laid out in two layers.
Seeds are considered ready for use when the baskets fall apart. To get peeled achenes, grind the heads. Finished raw materials should have the following features:
• The smell is similar to the aroma inherent in sunflower seeds.
• The fruit must be gray-yellow in color.
• Fruits (achenes) flattened, spindle-shaped.
• Hairs on the fruit are tightly pressed.
The roots of the culprit are dug and cleaned from the ground in the open air. Can also be placed in dryers. When working with fruits on your hands, you should wear gloves, protect your face with a gauze dressing. Hairs cause severe itching and burning. The healing properties of the roots last two years, the fruit - one year.
Recipes of traditional medicine
Here are a few recipes, following which you can prepare the medications yourself, without special preparation, and also without any special conditions:
1. Water tincture of the seeds of the marmot. At the beginning of the preparation, the seeds must be ground. Then spoon a teaspoon of raw material with 300 ml of water and put on a quiet fire. After 15 minutes after boiling, remove from the plate and leave to cool for two hours. Then drain. The smell will be unpleasant, but the healing effect of the infusion is very good. Take, regardless of meals, 3-4 times a day for 2 tablespoons. Spoons. This is a very effective tool for treating sexual weakness, as well as paralysis and neuritis.
2. Alcohol tincture. To prepare it in 100 ml of ethyl alcohol, you need to add a teaspoon of seeds to the mordant and insist in a dark place for two weeks. After every 3-4 days, tincture should be shaken. Ready drug take 15 drops 2 times a day, be sure after eating. The period of treatment with tincture is about a month. If necessary, repeat after a month's break.
3. Special alcohol tincture for the treatment of psoriasis. To make it, you will need 400 ml of vodka or 250 ml of alcohol, in which you need to place a tablespoon of chopped fruit of the culprit. After 2 weeks of infusion with cotton swabs with the prepared solution, moisten the skin areas affected by psoriasis. The effect of the treatment will be visible after 2-3 months, and the improvement comes in the first week.
4. Description of the prescription for the treatment of hypotension. In 100 ml of pure alcohol, add 50 g of crushed dry root of the plant. Insists 14 days. After this period, use every day for 0.5 teaspoon 3 times a day for half an hour before eating.
Despite all its advantages, the ordinary mordant has a toxic effect. Take medications that are made on its basis, only with the permission of the doctor. In hypertension, high doses of this plant cause human cramps and muscle pathologies.
Overdose of such drugs provokes a violation of breathing due to spasms. Extremely contraindicated mordovnik ordinary pregnant and nursing mothers, children, people with individual intolerance and suffering from bronchial asthma.
Symptoms of poisoning: dizziness, headache, nausea, fever and muscle pain. If they are available, call an ambulance immediately.
Reviews about the plant
Taking into account the testimonies of medicine men, doctors and those who were healed due to the power of the mordan, one can say that it is a miraculous herb. The main thing is to use it correctly for health. It is said about the ordinary morde that he proved himself well during the treatment of the consequences of stroke, atherosclerosis and as an anesthetic.