Child safety in kindergarten depends on an integrated approach to this issue by all parties. In order to prevent the development of danger, kindergarten educators, their immediate supervisor and, of course, parents should participate.
For every loving parent their child is the best in life. Children are not always obedient, especially at a small age. That is why the age of the child, when he is taken to a kindergarten, is of great importance in preventing child injuries.
In order to protect children, the basic rules were developed, which are responsible for the safety of children in kindergarten. Here, for every child is the responsibility of the person who was directly next to him during the day.
Safety in the kindergarten
There are basic rules of labor protection for educators. This position is allowed to occupy people who have reached the age of 18. A person must undergo a medical examination and present a health book when entering a job.
After registration for work, the immediate head conducts an introductory briefing. The educator needs to know the basic rules of the work and perfectly observe them. He must clearly understand that child safety depends on his actions.
In the kindergarten, the teacher does not have the right to leave unattended the place where the children are.
In the morning, coming to work, the tutor examines all the rooms in the group for malfunctions. When they are discovered, they inform the deputy on AXR or the head.
Instructions for working with children during the working day
The educator is obliged to ensure the safe conduct of classes and, if necessary, make changes in the schedule of training sessions to achieve better conditions in the educational process.
Great importance in the adaptation of the child to life plays a safety corner created by the tutor in the kindergarten. His task is to demonstrate human behavior among people.
Corners are different. Some are aimed at developing fantasy, creative abilities, others - to study the rules of the road, remembering flowers and geometric figures. Thanks to such forms of play, children develop faster and become more sociable.
The educator is obliged to conduct classes in which the child studies road safety. In kindergarten it is necessary to teach children elementary rules of safety in everyday life, in case of fire, earthquake and other natural disasters.
Behavior in the street
During the walk, the educator should not be distracted by extraneous conversations that are not related to children. He must monitor every child, know everyone in person and monitor his whereabouts. It is strictly forbidden to leave a child alone on the street, even on a playground where children play constantly. If there is at least one person in the group, the tutor must leave the junior assistant to watch him during the general walk.
Precautions in the group
It is strictly forbidden to allow outsiders, who are not related to educational work, to enter the group and workplace .
The teacher's place, his desk, should always be kept in order. Do not keep sharp objects (needles, scissors, pins, hairpins, knives for paper, etc.) in sight. For work, you need to use scissors only with blunt ends. Also, it is strictly forbidden to pin your clothes with pins and needles. It is necessary to pay attention to that in pockets there were no sharp and beating objects. It is allowed to wear shoes only on a low heel.
The educator is strictly forbidden to give the child to a stranger and relatives under the age of 16. The same applies to parents who are behind the child in a state of intoxication.
A walk outside the kindergarten
During the departure for the excursion, the teacher should avoid streets with a lively traffic of cars. At this time, the tutor is required to accompany a junior tutor or other assistant.
It is important to strictly follow the rules of the road. Each educator should conduct classes to prevent children's injuries on the roads.
They are held in a playful form with the help of conversations, drawings, trainings, story games, theatrical performances, road raids and many other games. Safety in the kindergarten and beyond its territory provides for the study of topics about the rules of behavior of children on the street. It is important to suggest topics about the causes of the traffic accident, the rules of behavior in the transition of streets (the responsibility of a pedestrian), in transport. Traffic lights and road signs are being studied.
On a walk it is important to ensure that the child does not eat unfamiliar berries or mushrooms (in the summer).
Rules of temperature and hygiene
The duty of the educator is to monitor the temperature regime. In hot weather, make sure that the child has a hat, and in winter it is necessary to wear waterproof boots. The educator is obliged to prevent the development of the disease by the method of selecting outerwear for weather conditions.
It is important to observe the basic rules of hygiene. Each pupil should have an individual toothbrush, a comb and a towel.
You can not keep medicines in the room, especially in the field of view of children. The first aid kit should be on the shelf beyond the reach of the child. Contain it should only zelenok, iodine, peroxide, bandage, cotton wool, sticking plaster.
Medical assistance in kindergarten
In order for child safety to be observed, there is always a nursery in the kindergarten, where a qualified medical professional is located.
His duties include actions to prevent colds and infections of various genesis (origin). A nurse must be in kindergarten all day.
For the prevention of colds, it is very important to observe certain ventilation regimes, but it is important to avoid drafts. Airing the room passes at a time when the children are not in the group.
The rooms for the game and the bedroom should be fairly light, and the air temperature and humidity should not exceed the permissible standards. The nurse and the head of the kindergarten are obliged to monitor the sanitary condition of the kitchen and the entire kindergarten.
In many large gardens, the nurse's dietary rate is stipulated. She needs to check the purchased products for the period of validity, that is, she should first of all be interested in child safety in kindergarten. The nurse must calculate the calorie content of the products and make a menu for each day for children of different ages.
Sometimes there can be situations when the child urgently needs medical care. In this case, the emergency medical services before the arrival of the ambulance is provided by a medical worker, and if it does not exist, the provider.
Instructions for working with children at the end of the working day
At the end of the day, the teacher gives all the materials for the teacher's work to the next morning or night shift. If no one remains after leaving the room, it is the responsibility of the caregiver to check the group. It is necessary to turn off all electrical appliances, ventilate the room, and then close all windows and windows. After the parents took the last child, the teacher needs to prepare the material for classes the next day. It is important to think in advance.
Safety rules in kindergarten during emergencies
During an emergency, you can not panic. Each educator has a specific instruction of actions in this or that case. It can be an accident, a fire, a natural disaster.
The initial task of everyone is to save the children of their group, and then report on the results of the head or deputy head of the AHCH. It is very important to clearly follow all their instructions. Every educator should understand that he has a great responsibility for the life and health of the child.
Those guilty of violation of the rules of safety and health are subjected not only to disciplinary sanctions, but also to administrative fines and criminal penalties.
Fire safety in kindergarten is one of the main topics requiring attention. In order to protect children's lives as much as possible, all employees of this institution must, without fail, listen to fire brigade instruction and, if necessary, undergo fire prevention and fire fighting techniques. They are instructed once in six months.
Basic rules of behavior for disaster prevention
In order to prevent the development of a fire, it is necessary to follow the instructions for the operation of gas and electric appliances and not leave overnight heating systems, household appliances (except for the refrigerator).
Do not use in groups where children, electric boilers and kettles are located, and also store waste paper stores in non-residential premises or store flammable metals and building materials.
It is impossible to arrange fireworks in closed rooms and light candles, Bengal lights. It is not recommended to completely turn off the lights in the room and dress children in fancy dresses made of cotton wool and gauze.
It is very important to monitor the surrounding area of the kindergarten. Garbage must be delivered in a timely manner to a special area outside the building. Attic rooms should be closed, and the keys from them should be left in an easily accessible place (certainly not for children).
What to do if there is a fire
The safety of kindergartens and children in it during a fire will depend on whether all the fire safety rules in the premises have been met.
First of all, it is necessary to check the evacuation inputs and outputs. They should not be littered with unnecessary objects or apparatus. It is important to keep the doors closed from the inside with a small, easily opening bolt. The approach to the door should be free.
Evacuation of children is carried out in the building nearest to the kindergarten. The most important thing is to get the children out of the upper floors of the kindergarten. The first to evacuate the smallest.
Children should be covered with wet towels or blankets, open windows in a smoky environment. In case the fire penetrated into the room, it is impossible to open the windows, because because of a draft, a profitable fire can occur.
To quickly get out of the burning room, you need to stand on all fours and crawl to the exit, covering at this point the nose and mouth with a wet cloth.
If the child's clothing has caught fire during a fire, it should be wrapped with a wet cloth and squeezed the tissue to the body to stop the penetration of oxygen. Never use a fire extinguisher to extinguish clothing. Because of this, additional chemical burns can occur.
Search for children in a burning room is terminated only if all the premises of the kindergarten are checked.
Where is the evacuation plan
The drawn out evacuation plan for a fire provides additional security. The plan in the kindergarten should hang on the walls of the corridors and rooms in a strict sequence of places indicated on it.
Fire safety of kindergartens is constantly checked by inspectors of fire supervision.
Acquaintance of children with fire safety rules
Regular classes "Safety in kindergarten" educator conducts through posters and visual aids. With children, the rules of behavior in case of fire are practiced. Teachings in kindergarten are held at least once a quarter (4 times a year).
To ensure safety in the kindergarten group, parents should warn the provider about the individual characteristics of each child. Each parent has the right to conduct an independent examination of the group where the child is engaged, as well as the territory where the baby is walking. If there are discrepancies with the established rules, parents can talk about this with the head of the kindergarten or contact a collective letter to the education department.