Chickens of the phoenix breed: description, photo

Most of the chickens are bred, of course, to get eggs or meat. However, in the world there are many decorative breeds of this bird. в основном только для красоты. Such chickens are kept mostly for beauty only. Looking through the popular literature devoted to the decorative bird, many, probably, saw magnificent cockerels with incredibly long tails. знают как называется порода кур. This bird even in the photo is very beautiful, but not all, of course, know the name of the breed of chickens. — именно так звучит «имя» этой великолепной птицы на русском языке. Sirin ruins the phoenix - that is how the "name" of this magnificent bird sounds in Russian. They breed such long-tailed cocks mainly in Europe. However, sometimes they can be seen on the farmsteads of Russian farmers. There is, among other things, an Asian variety of this breed, grown by farmers in Japan and China.

The main distinguishing feature

куры породы феникс любителями декоративной птицы прежде всего ради их очень длинного хвоста. Of course, the phoenix chickens are bred by fans of ornamental birds, primarily for the sake of their very long tail. The standard of the breed is neither much nor little - and the size is 3-3.5 m. Unlike the usual, phoenix chickens do not shed. And therefore the tail of roosters a year grows by about 90 cm. It looks like such a bird, of course, is unusually spectacular.

The Asian variety of this breed flaunts and at all a huge tail - on 11 m. Such phoenixes are grown up in Japan and China. The champion of the Asian variety of the breed is a cock with a tail length of 13.3 m.

History of the breed

It is believed that initially these chickens were bred in Asia - in China. The first mention of them is found in the annals of this country of the 1st millennium AD. In the Middle Kingdom this breed is called fen-huang. According to the philosophy of feng shui, the phoenix in China is supposed to be kept in the southern part of the yard. It is believed that this can bring great luck to the family.

все же в Японии. Despite the fact that these chickens were bred in China, they gained the greatest popularity in ancient times yet in Japan. Once in this country phoenixes were considered an imperial elite bird. Their owners were basically only very rich people.

Immediately after these birds landed in Japan, they were renamed to yokohama-tosi and onagadori. Notable people of this country believed that the longer the tail of such a cock, the more valuable it is. Therefore, it was the increase in this indicator that was sent to those times by the work of Japanese breeders.

The breed continues to improve in the country of the rising sun to this day. Modern Japanese periodically promise to extend the tail of the males to 16 m. Elite breed phoenix in Japan remain today. As in ancient times, selling and buying them is not customary. Basically, the decorative bird of this breed is either given, or is exchanged.

Phoenix in Europe

Thus, in Asia, the selection of phoenixes is primarily aimed at maximizing the length of the tail. Europeans consider this approach unacceptable. The fact is that because of the impossibility of active self-movement, birds with too long tails often have different kinds of health problems. Therefore, European breeders are betting primarily on the harmony of the silhouette of males and chickens. до 3-3.5 м. In Germany, for example, standards allow the length of the tail of the cock to 3-3.5 m.

была селекционерами путем скрещивания азиатских йокогама-тоси в основном с местными несушками. The European breed of chicken sirin rox phoenix alconast was obtained by breeders by crossing Asian yokohama-tosi mainly with local layers.

Phoenix in Russia

In our country, this unusual breed of special distribution, unfortunately, has not yet received. However, many farmers have recently become interested in it quite seriously. In several farms in Russia these males are still bred. Basically these are small private farms. To find an incubation egg of the phoenixes or chickens of this breed in the Russian Federation is thus quite difficult, but still possible.

Breed description: characteristics of the cock

куры породы феникс. Of course, just excellent decorative qualities - this is what the phoenix chickens are primarily valued for . представленные на странице, эффектный внешний вид этой птицы демонстрируют наглядно. Photos presented on the page, the spectacular appearance of this bird show clearly. как и любая другая выставочная, эта порода имеет и свои определенные стандарты. Of course, like any other exhibition, this breed has its own certain standards. : For males this is primarily :

  • A straight body with a long back;

  • A small head with a straight crest;

  • Dark orange or red eyes;

  • Fawn or gray-blue beak;

  • Red medium size earrings;

  • Small white lobules.

The tail of a good phoenix cock should be set low and flat on the sides. This shape, despite its considerable length, does not weight the silhouette of the bird. The shins of the legs of the males of this breed are of medium size. Actually the extremities themselves are not too long in the bird. тонкие и изящные. Spurs in males are thin and elegant. The belly of the bird is not very noticeable.

Plumage of cockerels

One of the characteristics of the phoenix chickens is that they are absolutely not afraid of the cold. In winter, such males can walk freely on the street and even without any harm to the organism to peck snow. Perhaps this is, of course, primarily due to the very dense plumage of these birds. Looks impressive cockerels of this breed, not only because of its luxurious tail. On their necks they also have very narrow and long feathers, falling even on their backs. This "addition" makes the silhouette of the bird richer and more solid.

Feathers on the lower back of the cock, like the tail, grow all their lives. In older individuals, they can reach the ground. The wings of a bird of this breed, according to standards, should be tightly pressed to the body.

Cockerel color

Of course, the breeds and color of the feather of the phoenix are specified in the standards. Color such cockerels can have golden, silver or just wild. However, most fans of ornamental birds contain pure white phoenixes.

A rooster of wild color should have such signs:

  • Black head;

  • Red-brown loin;

  • Dark brown feathers;

  • Tail and wing strips are black with a green tint;

  • Chest, stomach and lower legs black.

Silvery roosters differ:

  • Silver neck, head and waist;

  • White back and wings;

  • Black tail with a green tint;

  • Black and white fly feathers;

  • Black legs, stomach and chest (with a green tint).

, имеющая : Phoenix goldfish is a breed of chickens that has :

  • Golden-yellow neck;

  • Yellow-brown wings, lower back and back;

  • Salmon breasts;

  • Gray shins and abdomen;

  • Black tail.

Peculiar features of layers

в сравнении с петушками, имеют меньшие размеры. Chickens of the phoenix, in comparison with the males, are smaller. The case at them is put a little bit more low. The comb in the phoenix chickens is also straight, small. The tail is as long as that of the males, of course, they do not grow. However, it is still quite large and spectacular. The tail of the phoenix chickens is set horizontally. The tail feathers of laying hens are long, saber-like. The formation of spurs in the chickens of this breed is not considered a disadvantage. Coloring in chicken phoenix, like that of males, can be golden, silver or wild.

Inadmissible disadvantages

Of course, for this breed standards also define undesirable qualities. To unacceptable shortcomings include, for example:

  • Presence of plumage on the legs;

  • An awkward figure;

  • Too short plumage;

  • Wide tail braids;

  • Red lobes;

  • White or yellow metatars (must be gray-blue or olive-green).

Performance Indicators

феникс. Of course, it is bred on farms mainly as a decorative breed of phoenix. представленное выше, разумеется, неполное, но общее представление об этой птице дать может) эти никакой хозяйственной ценности практически не представляют. Chickens (the description of the breed, presented above, of course, is incomplete, but a general idea of this bird can give) these have practically no economic value.

The weight of the cockerel phoenix is about 2-2.5 kg, and the chickens - 1.5-2 kg. Eggplant in this bird is also very low. From one chicken can get no more than 80 pcs. in year. Sometimes laying hens-phoenix postpone and about 100 pieces. The weight of the eggs of this breed chickens is approximately 45-50 grams. The shell of them is light yellow.

The laying instincts of the phoenix laying hens are completely deprived. Therefore, their eggs are usually placed under the chickens of other breeds to receive young animals. Of course, it is allowed to breed young phoenix in the incubator.

Among the chickens of this breed, among other things, there is another very interesting feature. The long tail of the phoenix roosters is a sign dominant. Therefore, even the chickens obtained from them and ordinary chickens inherit it almost 100%. In our country, for example, farmers often cross expensive phoenix cockerels with Baku chickens or gray jungle. In this case, very interesting chickens of "chipmunk" color appear.

Bird Care

феникс, куры. As you can see, in fact, very impressive are those belonging to such exotic breed as phoenix, chickens. выше было дано достаточно подробное. The description of the breed above was given in sufficient detail. As this decorative bird differs in its original appearance, in terms of conditions for the maintenance of the owner, it, of course, makes special demands. In Japan, Phoenix cocks are kept in very long and narrow cages. The latter are set at a height in such a way that the bird's tail freely falls down. Feed the males of this breed in Japan right in the cages. Walk them while they release only three times a day.

Individuals with tails up to 3 m long can walk around the yard and independently. Such a bird is even sometimes fed from troughs. Individuals with longer tails owners on a walk are mostly worn on their hands. Also, sometimes the feathers of such handsome people are wound on special papillot.

Birdy for the Phoenix

In Europe and Russia, as already mentioned, are bred mainly phoenix with not too long tails. Therefore, in the cells of such a bird, respectively, and do not hold. In the poultry house for the phoenixes establish strong roosts. They are located at an altitude of about 1.2 meters. For layers equip small closed nests.

Morozov birds of this breed are not afraid. But a couple of heaters in the shed for them to install, of course, is worth it. The price of these males is usually very high, and losing a bird because of a common cold will, of course, be very offensive.

Of course, a shed with phoenix must be periodically cleaned. Any dirt in the house can reduce the decorative characteristics of the bird. After all, with their long tails the phoenixes gather from the floor literally everything that lies there. Of course, among other things, you should provide these chickens in the barn and good lighting. Equip in the poultry house also ventilation. Dampness does not like chickens of any breed, including phoenixes.


куры породы феникс также относительно нетребовательны. With regard to feeding chickens, the phoenix breeds are also relatively undemanding. них разрабатывать не нужно . There is no need to develop a complex diet for them . Fed the phoenix twice a day. In the morning they give a mash, in the evening - a grain. Of course, it is worthwhile to use for these hens and useful premixes. In a mushroom you can put any juicy greens, vegetables, fruits. As a concentrate for these hens, ordinary wheat is most often used.

The breed of phoenix dwarf hens: description

Modern lovers of this decorative bird breed not only ordinary phoenixes, but also very small ones. Tails in dwarf males are so huge. However, this bird looks also quite impressive. всего около 800 грамм, а курочки — 700 г. Яиц такая птица несет немного больше чем обычная. The dwarf phoenix cockles weigh only about 800 grams, and the chickens are 700 g. Eggs such a bird carries a little more than usual. From one dwarf hen can get them about 160 pcs. in year. The weight of the eggs of the phoenix of this species is very small - 25 grams.

Reviews of farmers

феникс (описание породы, фото, особенности содержания - все это было подробно описано выше). Thus, we found out what the phoenix chickens are (the description of the breed, the photo, the peculiarities of the content - all this was described in detail above). , как уже упоминалось, распространена не слишком широко. In our country this decorative bird , as already mentioned, is not widely distributed. However, some farmers still grow it. Judging by their reviews, chickens are relatively unpretentious. In addition, the phoenix, according to farmers - the bird is quite hardy. Preservation of young animals of this breed is almost 100%.

Instead of concluding

как называется). So, we hope that the reader now fairly accurately imagines that this is actually a decorative long-tailed cock (photo, reviews, description, as they say). таким образом - п тица действительно очень красивая и к тому же неприхотливая. The breed of phoenix chickens, thus - the bird is really very beautiful and also unpretentious. просто ошеломляюще популярна. In Europe, China and Japan, it is simply stunningly popular. и их можно будет видеть в фермерских хозяйствах и на разного рода выставках гораздо чаще. Let's hope that in Russia the handsome phoenixes will soon become common, and they can be seen in farms and in various kinds of exhibitions much more often.

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