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What is correctional pedagogy in primary education?

Many people believe that correctional pedagogy is pedagogy aimed at correcting children with difficult behavior. In the people they are called "neglected" or children from disadvantaged families. But for a long time correctional pedagogy in primary education has acquired other directions. But let's figure it out.

Who is a correctional teacher?

Specialty "Correctional Pedagogy in Primary Education" is aimed at helping in teaching children with disabilities and violated intelligence. It can be both congenital diseases, and acquired.

Such children are trained in a certain correctional institution, where just correctional pedagogues work. They weaken or replace deficiencies in development.

The tasks of the correctional teacher include:

  • To exercise pedagogical control.
  • Plan the goals and objectives of the lessons, focusing on each child.
  • Evaluate the process and results of activities.
  • To conduct pedagogical diagnostics.
  • Work with parents of children.
  • Choose a program based on the characteristics of the class.
  • Create an object-developing environment in the office.
  • Write reports for each child.

With whom does the correctional teacher work?

Answering this question, it is easier to say with whom the correctional teacher does not work. Children with autism, Down's syndrome, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, delayed mental development, impaired musculoskeletal system, as well as visually impaired and hard of hearing. Therefore, going to study on the specialty "Correctional Pedagogy in Primary Education", people often receive several additional specialties. This profession allows you to constantly be in the process of studying, as there are a lot of branches of correctional pedagogy.

Where to study?

At the correctional teacher taught in technical schools, colleges and universities. If a specialist already has a pedagogical education, then he can take courses for professional development. When choosing such courses, be guided not by the price, but by the fact that you are taught to deal with the GEF.

Correctional pedagogy in primary education is not the easiest profession. It requires not only a certain character, but also a sense of vocation to the profession. And although before going to college or university, teenagers do not think about how their professional life will develop in the future, there are a number of scientific books that can help determine the choice of profession.

How to start the study?

The most famous book recommended for reading to all students of pedagogical universities and simply interested is "Correctional Pedagogy in Primary Education" Kumarin. This book is about the basics, the skeleton of correctional pedagogy.

In it you can find information:

  • On the foundations of pedagogy and its specific area - special (correctional) pedagogy.
  • About school disadaptation.
  • About educational relations and the organization of correctional-developing education.
  • On pedagogical diagnostics.
  • About the basic directions of correctional pedagogy.
  • On the development and improvement of spatial representations, coordination of movements of hands and fingers, visual perception.

The book consists of a whole introductory course, which, in addition to the above, tells about everything that a specialist may encounter.

Methods in correctional pedagogy

Correctional pedagogy in primary education is based on several specific methods.

  1. The method of conversation or the method of collecting psychological and pedagogical data through the communication of the teacher with the child. However, much depends on the teacher's ability to create an emotional and psychological atmosphere suitable for the child. The teacher in the process of conversation not only treats words, but also non-verbal signs. Such a method in correctional pedagogy is suitable only for children with developed speech functions.
  2. Method of observation. This method is divided into several different ways. The child can be observed, including in the process of his activity, or on the contrary, standing aside. You can do it openly or on the contrary, closed, using the mirror Gisella. Usually the teacher keeps a plan of his observations, writes down feelings and thoughts, and then analyzes the received material. However, there are disadvantages to this method - each person treats what he sees according to his own standards.
  3. Method of questioning. The most standard and common method. Children in primary school are not always able to fill out the questionnaire, so it is not suitable for every type of institution and not for every child.
  4. Method of pedagogical experiment. This is a comprehensive approach to diagnosing a child. With this method, personal data, conversations, observations and much more are used. The establishment of connections and regularities is the main goal of this method.
  5. The method of analyzing the products of activity and anamnestic information. With this method , the child's medical record is studied , and a diagnosis is made based on his medical history. Also, the study includes viewing crafts, school notebooks and much more that the child has done.
  6. Method of studying documentation. For each child, kindergartens and schools maintain a certain dossier. It is for this reason that correctional teachers can, having analyzed, draw conclusions.

These are the simplest and many known methods. However, there are more serious methods, such as PMPK (psychological-medical-pedagogical consultation), where absolutely all information received by psychologists, speech therapists, parents, social workers, correctional teachers and doctors is collected and processed. The purpose of this method is to compile an individual development plan for the child.

Some statistics

Despite the demand for the specialty "Correctional Pedagogy in Primary Education", the salary is rather low in the regions of Russia. With the crisis, the situation worsened. Based on statistics, wages in Moscow fell from 40 to 30 thousand rubles. But the demand for correctional educators has not fallen, and there are quite a lot of vacancies. The same demand can be observed in the Leningrad Region and in the Altai Territory.

The highest salaries in the Moscow region and the Republic of Tatarstan - for 32.5 thousand rubles. A little lower Leningrad region with a salary of 30 thousand rubles. And it closes the top-5 Astrakhan and Kemerovo regions with a salary of 18 and 16 thousand, respectively.

However, when choosing, entering the university on the specialty "Correctional Pedagogy in Primary Education" or not, it is worthwhile to focus not only on the salary and demand in your region - it is more important whether you want to devote this life!

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