What causes hair loss?

Many people sooner or later face the problem of baldness. This phenomenon is considered a normal aging process. Every day a person loses up to 100 hairs, but this loss is completely invisible, since on the head, on average, they grow up to 100,000 pieces. But sometimes there can be excessive baldness. In this article, try to understand what factors can contribute to hair loss?

Phases of growth

Each hair passes through 2 phases: growth and rest. In the first phase, they are 3 years, during this period they grow at a rate of 1 cm per month. After this, there comes a phase of rest, which lasts from 3 to 6 months. In general, for the fourth year, hair begins to fall out, and after a while new ones begin to grow in their place. Falling can contribute to 2 reasons: heredity and genetics. The main cause of baldness is not hair loss, but the body's inability to produce new hair.

Alopecia in men and women

More often men suffer from alopecia than women. A quarter of the representatives of the stronger sex begin to grow bald after 30 years, two thirds begin to notice processes that sooner or later lead to complete baldness. In this case, unfortunately, the treatment of hair loss in men can not return the old hair.


Hair loss in men is promoted by the male hormone testosterone. Zalyasin around the crown and various bald spots indicate an excessive amount of testosterone. Representatives of the stronger sex, who do not produce such a hormone in excess, do not grow bald.

Alopecia in women

Some women can also face the problem of excessive hair loss. Causes: genetics or the secretion of a male hormone that begins to develop after menopause. Externally, this hair loss is different from the male. In women, thinning occurs throughout the head, but no bald patches, like those of men, are observed.

Alopecia areata

In addition to all of the above reasons, hair loss can contribute to alopecia areata. Such a disease is considered autoimmune, which can manifest itself on the head, as well as on the eyebrows, beard and even eyelashes. In this case, the immune system affects the hair follicles, which leads to hair loss. But, nevertheless, the follicles remain alive, and if the problem is eliminated, then the hair will begin to grow again.


Hair loss in children can occur due to herpes zoster. This disease is easily treated with antifungal medicines. In this case, hair loss is due to fungal infection of the skin, and after recovery, baldness stops.

Hormonal changes

Hair can begin to fall out due to insufficient activity of the thyroid gland. The hair covering will be restored immediately after the restoration of the correct functioning of the thyroid gland.

Imbalance of hormones

Hormonal imbalance in women can also lead to hair loss. It is for this reason that some young mothers may notice increased hair loss after childbirth. When balance is restored, alopecia will stop.

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