Victoria, Queen of Great Britain
Surely, many are interested in the question of why in the British Isles the royal throne is not the king, but the queen of Great Britain. Since the formation of an independent state in the IX century, eight dynasties have consistently changed in England, but there still exists a blood relationship between their members, since the first representative of the new family has always married a woman from the previous one. Thus, the British can proudly claim that the ruling Elizabeth II is directly from William the Conqueror.
Unlike continental Europe, England was more tolerant of the primacy of women on the throne. This country knew many glorious monarchs, who ruled the power and even the empire with an "iron hand". Among them, you can call Maria I, Elizabeth I, Maria II, Anna. But the most significant trace in the history of not only England, but also of other states was left by Victoria, Queen of Great Britain. This remarkable woman has been on the throne for more than 63 years, and the whole era of her reign is so called - the Victorian.
In 1840, Victoria married her cousin, Duke Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, who in 1857 was awarded the title of Prince. They had nine children. Through the dynastic marriages of these children, as well as grandchildren, the monarchy of England received the nickname "Grandmother of Europe": her descendants began to rule in Germany (Kaiser Wilhelm II Hohenzollern - her grandson), Spain and even Russia (Alexander's granddaughter married Nicholas II;
This Queen of Great Britain was warmly loved by the people. Her name is the name of many objects discovered during her reign: the water lily in the tropics of British Guiana Victoria Region, the waterfall, one of the largest lakes and even an asteroid discovered by the astronomer J. Hind in 1850.
Now on the throne of the constitutional monarchy is the Queen of Great Britain, Elizabeth II, who was born in 1926. On the throne, she ascended in 1953. Her husband Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, by tradition, was not crowned. He took the oath of allegiance to Her Majesty as a vassal. The monarchy couple had four children. Now they have eight grandchildren and one great-granddaughter, who was born in 2011 and received the name Savannah.