Victoria, Queen of Great Britain

Surely, many are interested in the question of why in the British Isles the royal throne is not the king, but the queen of Great Britain. Since the formation of an independent state in the IX century, eight dynasties have consistently changed in England, but there still exists a blood relationship between their members, since the first representative of the new family has always married a woman from the previous one. Thus, the British can proudly claim that the ruling Elizabeth II is directly from William the Conqueror.

In England, the primacy of queens began with the house of the Stuarts. Now there is a tradition according to which, only the Queen of Great Britain is considered a true monarchy, while her husband is simply a prince. Naturally, one must take into account that England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are a constitutional monarchy, and therefore the queen only reigns, but does not rule. The function of the management is performed by the Prime Minister with his cabinet. Her Majesty performs representative functions, addresses appeals to citizens for the New Year and actively engages in charity.

Unlike continental Europe, England was more tolerant of the primacy of women on the throne. This country knew many glorious monarchs, who ruled the power and even the empire with an "iron hand". Among them, you can call Maria I, Elizabeth I, Maria II, Anna. But the most significant trace in the history of not only England, but also of other states was left by Victoria, Queen of Great Britain. This remarkable woman has been on the throne for more than 63 years, and the whole era of her reign is so called - the Victorian.

Alexandrina Victoria - this is her full name, since the godfather was the Russian Emperor Alexander I - saw the light in 1819. Until 1837 she wore the title of Duchess of Kent. When her closest relative, William IV, died, he had no legitimate heirs. In this regard, she received a new title - the Queen of Great Britain - at a ceremony held on June 28, 1838. The Crown of India was added to the list of her titles in 1876. With her death in 1901, the history of the Hanoverian dynasty ended. The Victorian era marked the greatest flowering of the British Empire, its industrial power, but also, surprisingly, the era of puritanism and moral rigorism.

In 1840, Victoria married her cousin, Duke Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, who in 1857 was awarded the title of Prince. They had nine children. Through the dynastic marriages of these children, as well as grandchildren, the monarchy of England received the nickname "Grandmother of Europe": her descendants began to rule in Germany (Kaiser Wilhelm II Hohenzollern - her grandson), Spain and even Russia (Alexander's granddaughter married Nicholas II; Image, Tsarevich Alexei - the great-grandson of the Queen of England). They say that Victoria gave her male genome a gene for hemophilia.

This Queen of Great Britain was warmly loved by the people. Her name is the name of many objects discovered during her reign: the water lily in the tropics of British Guiana Victoria Region, the waterfall, one of the largest lakes and even an asteroid discovered by the astronomer J. Hind in 1850.

Now on the throne of the constitutional monarchy is the Queen of Great Britain, Elizabeth II, who was born in 1926. On the throne, she ascended in 1953. Her husband Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, by tradition, was not crowned. He took the oath of allegiance to Her Majesty as a vassal. The monarchy couple had four children. Now they have eight grandchildren and one great-granddaughter, who was born in 2011 and received the name Savannah.

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