In the distant past, two characteristics were valued in glass: transparency and fragility. To date, the requirements for this material have changed. Triplex is a modern modification of glass, which has unique characteristics.
History of creation
There is a legend that the master who worked on improving the properties of this material was executed by decree of Emperor Tiberius. Progress does not stand still, humanity required more and more comfort, security and other benefits. After this, the properties of the materials used in the construction were changed.
Work on creating a safety glass has been going on for a long time. Specialists tried to keep the main characteristics of the material, improving the performance. The first attempts of inventors did not give a positive result, but over time the production of such glasses was established. During the war, particularly strong glasses were required in the manufacture of gas masks.
The car windshield is made using advanced technology. This is necessary to reduce the risk of injury during road accidents. The main purpose of using such materials is to create a safe environment not only in vehicles, but also in various buildings (from apartment houses to shopping, entertainment and office centers).
Modern, durable, transparent materials, whether it is a car windshield or a showcase, are made by one technology, consisting of connecting two glasses through a polymer film under the influence of a hot press.
Glass has the ability to withstand impacts and high static loads. It began to be used in aircraft building, trains, facades of buildings and in the production of armored structures.
Glasses, stairs and doors made of modern materials allow the owners to realize design ideas when decorating their home. With all the variety of products are obtained safe for others, which is especially important when there are young children in the house.
Triplex: price and quality
The cost of impact-resistant glass depends on their purpose and external parameters. The range of prices is in the range of 800-5000 rubles per m 2 . In the market there are many decorative models that can decorate the interior or the facade. The production of a triplex with special properties is established: sound insulation, electric heating, mirror surface, etc.
The cost per square meter depends on the available additional properties, thickness and other parameters.
The product produced is necessarily tested, determining the value of resistance to external influences. Triplex is a material for which GOST exists, which guarantees the quality of the product.
There are 2 ways of applying the connecting film:
- Autoclave. The PVB film is laid between the panes, pressed and placed in an oven.
- Non-autoclave. The glass with the film is placed in a vacuum chamber. This method is considered more modern. It allows the use of other decorating materials between the glasses.
In addition to the state standard, the following factors influence the result:
- Applied polymer film.
- Thorough preparation of surfaces.
- Compliance with the technological process.
Due to uneven cleaning, bubbles are formed, reducing strength and worsening the appearance of the product. Triplex is a material produced by complex technology. However, there are craftsmen who repeat it at home.
Triplex did not bypass the production of furniture. Almost all houses have interior doors. Some of them are completely or partially composed of glass. Using a triplex in the manufacture of doors allows you to make the house safer.
The urgency of this requirement increases in homes with young children, who find it difficult to control the forces. The child does not immediately understand that the broken glass can injure him. Triplex is a material that can protect a baby.
The decorative qualities of the glass do not stand in the last place when they are selected. Some doors with transparent inserts become a key element of the design of the room.
Triplex: material characteristics
Various materials are used in the production of decorative glass. In addition to multi-colored films, designers work with fabric, metals, leaves, etc. The main goal is the creation of a unique piece of furniture.
Triplex is a material that is not afraid of time; over the years it will not become duller. The replacement of glass is not every year, so buyers are trying to find a durable and high-quality solution.
The flexibility of the triplex is much higher than that of traditional glass, because the material has a layered structure. Its thickness can vary from 6 to 40 mm. Glasses over 13 mm are classified as bulletproof. They are used in showcases and armored vehicles.
The soundproof characteristics of the triplex are no less important. This is especially true for large cities, where the issue of protecting premises from street noise is particularly acute.
Let's summarize the main advantages of the triplex:
- Fail-safe breaking.
- High percentage of light transmission.
- Wide possibilities of decoration.
- Absence of brittleness in slices.
Negative aspects of the material:
- High price.
- Complexity of processing. It requires the involvement of specialists.
Often the buyer faces a choice: reinforced glass or triplex. Each of the options has its positive and negative sides. The popularity of reinforced execution is caused by a good reputation.
The technology of its production is simple and efficient. In the thickness of the material there is a metal grid, which increases the strength and excludes the scatter of the fragments during breaking. This performance is often found in public places.
Cons of reinforced glass:
- Increased brittleness.
- Broken transparency.
- Unattractive appearance.
The inventors of the triplex came from the disadvantages of reinforced glass. As a result, the technology has become more perfect, and the product has received improved characteristics.