Once a former British colony, the island state of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, located on the border between the Atlantic and the Caribbean, next to Venezuela, unites two large islands of the same name and many small ones.
Trinidad Island: Geography
Being part of the Antilles archipelago, Trinidad and Tobago occupy part of the continental shelf of South America and are separated from the mainland only by straits that have traditionally exotic names - Boca del Serpiente and Boca del Dragon. The area of Trinidad - very solid and largest in the archipelago (80 km long and 59 km wide) - is 4768 km 2 . The island, the neighbor of Trinidad, located at a 30-kilometer distance, Tobago - the owner is much smaller. It occupies about 300 km 2 , its length is 41 km, and the width is 12 km.
The predominant in the relief of Trinidad is the plain. On it are three mountain ranges, two of which are located in a clear parallel to each other, and the third is a continuation of the Venezuelan Cordillera. Two rivers crossing the island of Trinidad, flow into the Atlantic Ocean.
Tobago crosses the 30-kilometer range, on both sides of which lie fertile lowlands and forests. A lot of small rivers and streams on the island contribute to the rapid development of vegetation.
The climatic conditions on the islands are typical for these humid subequatorial latitudes and have a clear distinction for the dry and rainy seasons. The dry season, which lasts from January to May, is soft enough, as it is not distinguished by an exhausting heat - it is largely neutralized by the tropical winds-trade winds.
From June to August, the rainy season lasts. This is the period of visiting the islands with tropical showers, abundant and protracted. The best time for a trip to Trinidad is February and March, bright, warm and full of unforgettable events and entertainment months. Trinidad and Tobago, whose resorts are waiting for tourists, are most attractive at this time.
Nature of the islands
Striking colors, evergreen forests are very carefully guarded by the state - on so small a territory many reserves operate on a planetary scale. Tobago - a unique island, famous for its excellent views of the coast, long narrow beaches with snow-white sand and mighty palms. As early as the eighteenth century by the Tobago authorities, the island's tropical forests were declared a protected area - the first precedent of this kind. Reef Buccoo Reef with picturesque harbors, amazing fish and corals has been protected by the state since 1973.
The islands of Trinidad and Tobago are distinguished by an amazing variety of flora, including not only South American species, but also exclusively in the archipelago. In the northern part of Trinidad, rain rainforests are preserved, where up to fifty valuable species of trees grow. The center and the western regions occupy evergreen forests. Sandalwood, fusik and cypress are typical representatives of island forests. In the lowlands and foothills of these areas stretch savannahs and cultivated plantations, where they grow sugar cane, coconut and oilseeds for export. On the coast in the estuaries of the rivers there are thickets of mangrove trees with bizarre interlocking trunks and roots.
Extremely diverse and fauna: there are monkeys-howler and capuchin, representatives of marsupials (opossums), rodents (agouti), predators (ocelots), bats and reptiles - turtles, alligators, lizards, snakes. Numerous bird colonies with bright multi-colored southern plumage.
The island of Trinidad is rich in minerals: in the southern part and shelf there are deposits of oil and reserves of gas accompanying it, natural asphalt is extracted to the west, sulfur and diorites are extracted to the north, the Sangre-Grande region is famous for deposits of lignite and brown coal. In the north of the island, iron ore, gypsum and limestone are mined.
Today the island of Trinidad is a popular center for ecological tourism. At the disposal of holidaymakers - a set of all kinds of beach recreation, the opportunity to do water sports, diving, horse riding, skating on yachts, etc. There is annual music festival "Calypso", which traditionally gathers a huge audience of fans. The island of Trinidad, Brazil are the birthplace of this most interesting show.
The markets on the islands are crowded with folk crafts. Here, bamboo crafts, paintings of island artists are in demand. Trade flourishes in huge supermarkets, and on street trays, where, however, unlike boutiques, you can successfully bargain.
In addition, tourists are always interested in local cuisine, which is a mixture of eastern, Caribbean, Spanish and Chinese. The variety of ethnic types of cooking creates unlimited opportunities - you can taste any, most exotic dish. The recently created "New Carribian" tendency to add local colorful elements to the dishes of high cuisine makes it possible to fully experience the culinary features. Supplement the picture will help visit small home restaurants specializing in the nutrition of foreign tourists. In the reviews of holidaymakers on the islands, such small catering points, safe, comfortable, with an unforgettable cuisine are especially noteworthy. The signature dish in Trinidad is flying fish, cooked on charcoal, and sugar balls, wrapped in sesame seeds.
Trinidad and Tobago is not only the intersection of culinary traditions of many countries, but also a whole universe of attractions that provides tourists with unforgettable impressions that remain in memory for a long time: picturesque nature, walks on hills, sea voyages, unspoilt beaches, amazing colors and rhythms of the calypso of the annual Carnival!
To participate in it, the islanders make kind of drums from empty iron barrels. Musical compositions "calypso", extracted from drums by rhythmic blows, have long been recognized as a symbol of carnival and the island itself. This kind of local folklore is a small witty musical opus, performed in an African style, saturated with local dialectical expressions. An approximate analogy is observed in many countries of the world - chastushki in Russia or couplets of the French Fronde.
Carnival - unrestrained and noisy - is held shortly before the Great Lent. This is the most incredible procession that Trinidad and Tobago are famous for. Islands, Brazil and other countries of the Caribbean arrange such holidays every year.
The islanders begin preparations for carnival from the onset of the New Year - they come up with costumes, create drums. The most amazing actions take place in the Royal Park of the capital. In contrast to the overwhelming majority of world carnival processions, on the islands from the first moments the boundary between spectators and participants ceases to exist. Nobody stands aside, mermaid mermaids draw tourists into their ranks and dance to the rhythms of "steel" music.
Holiday in the islands of Trinidad and Tobago
Resorts on the islands are famous for clean, magnificent beaches, such as Maracas Bay, Tyriko Bay or Las Cuelvas. The most inhabited and most famous Russian tourists are the western part of the coast, overlooking the Gulf of Paria. Here are the capital and main ports.
There is something to be admired in the capital of the Republic of Port-of-Spain: the residence of the Ginderbrad House, the Megniefisent Seven Park, the national museum, the art gallery, the Trinidad and Tobago Historical Museum, the Holy Trinity Cathedral. Noteworthy architecture, which is dominated by wooden houses with a unique decorated carving gallery, running along the second floor of the buildings. Most of the buildings, public and private, were built at the beginning of the 19th century in the style of classicism prevailing in those times.
Natural complex "Asa Wright" - a former coconut plantation, turned today into a reserve, gives fans of tropical birds a real pleasure. And in the Karoni Reserve, located near the capital, you can observe the life of the karavayka - a representative of the Ibis family, which is one of the symbols of the republic. Many more sights are famous for the island of Trinidad. Visiting this amazing place will leave a lot of unforgettable impressions.