HealthDiseases and Conditions

Treatment of atherosclerosis of the vessels of the lower limbs and symptoms of the disease

Atherosclerosis of the vessels of the lower extremities is a fairly common disease today. More often it occurs in men that is older than 40 years. Arteries of the lower extremities are exposed during the disease to pathological changes that lead to painful sensations in the legs. Basically, popliteal, femoral, tibial vessels are affected. Deterioration of blood circulation occurs as a result of compression of venous lumens. Treatment of atherosclerosis of the vessels of the lower extremities should start immediately, as this disease can lead to gangrene.

Symptoms of the disease

To recognize the ailment in the initial stage is difficult, since it proceeds practically without painful symptoms. One of the main methods that can detect the disease at an early stage is the ultrasound of the vessels of the lower extremities.

Recognize the ailment can be due to unpleasant sensations in the muscles of the legs that appear when walking. The person begins to limp, and to facilitate the state should make constant rest and stop. Because of the impaired blood circulation in the vessels, the muscles do not get the required oxygen rate. In this regard, there are pain in the area of the feet and in the toes. They have an acute character and begin at night, with intense walking or heavy loads.

Treatment of atherosclerosis of the vessels of the lower extremities should be performed if the following symptoms are detected:

  • Pale skin of the legs;

  • Trophic ulcers;

  • Deformation of nails and their thinning;

  • Permanent hair loss on the skin of the limbs;

  • Numbness of the legs;

  • Swelling of the feet and lower leg.

If you look closely, the leg affected by atherosclerosis will differ in color from the healthy limb. When performing palpation in this place there may be no ripple.

Treatment of the disease

There are several methods of treating this ailment. It is recommended to conduct it in a complex to achieve a positive result. Treatment of atherosclerosis of the vessels of the lower limbs must begin with a complete diagnosis. This is necessary to identify the causes and source of the disease.

Treatment of atherosclerosis of the vessels of the lower limbs is conducted in two ways:

  • Medicamentous (aimed at eliminating symptoms);

  • Etiopathogenetic (surgical intervention is performed).

With symptomatic therapy with medication, strengthen the walls of blood vessels and improve blood circulation in the lower extremities. Drugs also contribute to a decrease in blood levels of cholesterol. Assign the following medicines:

  • From the group of statins;

  • Containing polyunsaturated fatty acids (Omega-3, -6) ;

  • Improving blood circulation;

  • Activating the rheological task of blood;

  • Restorative;

  • Vitamins.

In addition, doctors can carry out the procedure for the management of pain syndrome. Also used acupuncture, laser and scanning treatment. It should be noted that with medical treatment, the symptoms of the disease can manifest themselves again. Therefore, it is necessary to observe the doctor and follow his recommendations during the treatment.

Operative intervention is performed in severe form of the disease. There are various surgical methods that depend on the severity of the lesion of atherosclerosis.

In order not to start the disease, you should contact the doctor if you have unpleasant sensations in the lower extremities. Timely diagnosis and treatment will bring health to your feet.

Similar articles





Trending Now






Copyright © 2018 Theme powered by WordPress.