Since ancient times, water - an integral part of the existence of all life that is in nature. The very first thermal complexes for spa treatment began to be built in the era of Antiquity, the Romans and Greeks. Already at that time people learned that mineral and thermal springs can heal from a number of diseases.
It is difficult to imagine life without water, because it not only firmly entered the daily diet, but also became an excellent cure for many diseases. Of course, it should be noted that health directly depends on the quality and composition of water, as well as on its proper application.
This and many other things can be learned by reading this article.
A mineral spring is a pledge of strength, health and longevity.
Healing springs are waters flowing out of the earth's crust and containing various mineral particles corresponding to the composition of the rocks, and the soils from which these waters flow. Simply put, sources of mineral waters are natural exits to the earth's surface of waters (both under water and on land).
The formation of sources is mainly related to the presence of various tectonic faults, the intersection of water-bearing horizons by depressions of the relief (hollows, gorges, ravines, valleys, etc.).
Also, mineral springs arise also in the presence of façade windows in waterproof rocks through which outcrops are formed on the surface from those most pressure aquifers.
Kinds of sources
Depending on the change in production over time, mineral springs are divided into the following types: very constant, permanent (unchanged mode, food occurs by mineral waters from deep-lying strata), variable and very variable (feeding on groundwater and associated with the intensity of precipitation from the atmosphere ).
Also there are descending and ascending types of mineral springs, differing in the nature of unloading. The first are fed by groundwater, moving from top to bottom from the feeding point of the horizons to the point of water outlet. Among them, many sources with cold mineral water are known , with different mineralization and a very diverse composition.
Ascending types of sources are fed by pressure waters (motion occurs from the bottom upwards). Nitric, carbonic, sulfide waters of different temperatures are typical for this group of springs.
Composition and temperature of water
Depending on the depth of occurrence and on the connection with the supplying horizon, the sources of water have a very diverse composition (nitrogen, sulfide, carbon dioxide, etc.), temperature and mineralization.
For groundwater sources from shallow-lying aquifers, water is weakly or slightly mineralized (up to 2 and 2-5 grams per liter, respectively). The pressure horizons, deep-lying, feed springs with medium- and high-mineralized water (5-15 and 15-30 grams per liter, respectively) of very different ionic composition, as well as brines, the salinity of which is 35-150 g per liter and more.
In nature, there are types of sources that are divided into water temperature: cold with a temperature of up to 20 degrees Celsius, warm with a temperature of 20 to 36 degrees Celsius, thermal - from 37 to 42 degrees Celsius, high-thermal - more than 42 degrees Celsius.
Mineral springs of Russia
Rest and treatment at Russian resorts every year is gaining increasing popularity. This is due to the fact that on the territory of the vast expanses of the country there are quite a few places where one can combine a wonderful holiday with effective treatment and strengthening of immunity.
Nature has endowed with invaluable riches endless expanses of Russia, supplied with magnificent curative properties and strength numerous sources with water. Naturally, the most famous among them are the mineral waters of the Caucasus (about them in more detail - just below in the article). Also, many other medicinal mineral springs of Russia scattered throughout the country, though less well-known, are not inferior to the Caucasian waters by the properties of mineral waters. There are a lot of sources in Russia, and all of them are different in origin, purpose and composition.
It should be noted: it is necessary to remember when choosing a spa that the effect of treatment directly depends on the correct selection of water, on its dosage and temperature. Only in this case, rest can bring real pleasure, and treatment procedures are of no small use.
Below are some of the most famous Russian resorts.
Mineral springs in Rostov-on-Don
Mineral springs in Rostov-on-Don are sources in which water in the course of repeated circulation in hot rocks becomes very hot. At the exit to the earth's surface, its temperature reaches about 25 degrees.
The water of these sources is rich in the following useful mineral substances: sodium, fluorine, magnesium, iron, sulfates, etc.
Water vapor and warm water are used in the treatment of various types of diseases in the form of inhalations and baths.
Mineral waters of Altai
The magnificent Altai region is famous not only for the majestic beauty of the mountains, for the pristine nature of the taiga forests, for the crystal clearness of lakes and rivers, but also for its healing mineral springs. One of the most popular resorts is Belokursky. Belokurikha is located far from the industrial zone.
The waters of the thermal and mineral springs of these places contain nitrogen and silicon. Feature - the only field on the whole land of water with a similar content of minerals. The water of these sources treats gastrointestinal diseases.
Also in the Altai resorts with mineral springs located near the lakes Bolshoy Jarovoye and Gorkoe enjoy success.
Sources of the Krasnodar Territory
The healing springs of mineral waters are also found in Anapa. The water in them contains relatively few mineral substances (up to 6 grams per 1 cubic dm), and in composition it is chloride-sulfate.
Semigorsk source contains sodium chloride-hydrocarbonate water with a large amount of iodine and orthoboric acid. The Rayevsky source contains water with bromine and iodine.
Sochi territories also have numerous mineral springs, but not all of them are suitable for medical purposes. Among other things, due to the difficult terrain, some of the sources are inaccessible. The most famous resort in the Krasnodar region, using medicinal mineral water, is Matsesta. Hydrogen sulfide water is used for balneological procedures.
Sources in Kabardino-Balkaria
There are sanatoriums with mineral springs in Kabardino-Balkaria. The most famous are sources located in the city of Nalchik. These are "Nartan", "Narzan Valley", "Dolinsk-1" and mineral water "Belorechenskaya".
Water sources "Dolinsk-1" and "Nartan" contains iodine, sodium and bromine and is used for the prevention and treatment of gastroenterological diseases. Belorechenskoye field contains water, which helps cure many skin diseases. It is also used to increase hemoglobin and stabilize blood pressure.
Waters of the Kaliningrad Region
And the western region of Russia has sources that are endowed with a variety of composition and excellent medicinal properties. The water here is sodium bicarbonate and is used in sanatoria for the treatment of diseases of the digestive system, the musculoskeletal system and the nervous system. In water with a relatively low mineralization contains a large number of organic substances. Indications for use are various cardiovascular diseases.
In the resort town of Svetlogorsk there are a large number of sources: chloride, brine, calcium-sodium, bromine, boric. Wells, where water comes from, have a depth of more than 1200 meters.
Mineral springs of the Caucasus
In this surprisingly rich in diverse nature, there are several resort towns, in which more than 300 different types of springs are hitting the ground. A huge number of sanatoriums are located in the cities of Kislovodsk, Zheleznovodsk, Pyatigorsk and Yessentuki, which offer a wonderful holiday with the possibility of combining it with excellent healing procedures on the basis of the unique properties of mineral water. The waters here are carbonic, hydrogen sulfide, saline-alkaline and radon.
In sanatoriums, you can undergo procedures to strengthen the nervous system, cardiovascular and endocrine systems, the musculoskeletal system and many others. Other
It should be noted that each health facility has its own direction and offers different methods of treatment.
Mineral springs of Abkhazia
In the resort of Gagra in 1962, the deepest well (2,600 meters) was drilled, after which mineral water of high temperature (sulfide, sulfate, calcium-magnesium) was removed to the surface. A distinctive feature of the source is a small mineralization of water (about 2.5 g / l) and a large amount of sulfates in saline solution.
The source, which received the name of the resort, became an additional therapeutic agent. A hot mineral spring contains water with a temperature of up to +46.5 degrees Celsius. It is used in the treatment of respiratory organs, diseases of the nervous system, as well as the circulatory system.
The unique properties of mineral water - its extraordinary purity and high concentration of various minerals, beneficial microelements and many other components, as well as effective influence on the human body as a whole.
Simply put, water is a symbol of beauty and fine health. There is nothing more useful on earth than the healing quality water, and there is nothing more difficult than this magical liquid substance with amazing biological, chemical and physical properties. Such water can create real miracles.