Joseph Stalin was the most ambiguous and brutal figure in the history of our country. His methods amazed and forced the people to live in fear and complete obedience. Any actions were carried out with caution, and in each apartment a suitcase was always prepared in case of arrest.
The Leningrad case is the general name for a whole list of court cases that were conducted in the post-war years, namely from 1949 to 1952. These cases were directed against the figures of the Leningrad Party organization. Everything was done in order to weaken the role of this organization in the USSR, since at that time the Stalin cult of personality was established in the Soviet Union . The Leningrad case accused several representatives of the Leningrad party of treason. Who has got into this business? Thanks to denunciations, the truthfulness of which was never established, almost all the figures put forward by the Leningrad party for the leading service in Moscow after the Second World War were involved in the process.
Despite the name of the case, the arrests were carried out throughout the country, including Moscow, Simferopol, Novgorod, Pskov and Tallinn.
The following persons were involved in the first process:
- A.A. Kuznetsov - this man was the first secretary of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party.
- P.S. Popkov - the first secretary in the Leningrad City Committee / Regional Committee of the All-Union Communist Party.
- THEM. Turko is a representative of the non-Leningrad party, the first secretary in the Yaroslavl Regional Committee of the All-Union Communist Party.
- M.I. Rodionov is the chairman of the Council of Ministers in the RSFSR.
- ON. Voznesensky, who was chairman of the State Planning Committee of the USSR and others.
What was the reason? The Leningrad case (which will briefly describe the important events of the process) is a list of compromising materials on the statesmen of the Leningrad party. By the beginning of 1949 all documents had already been collected, and the beginning of the process was laid by the All-Russian Wholesale Fair held in Leningrad (January 10-20, 1949). In addition to charging charges of treason, state officials were also accused of falsifying the election of a new leadership that took place in December of the previous year. After the fair G. Malenkov put forward charges against the figures listed above that this event was held without the knowledge of such bodies as the Central Committee of the Party and the government.
However, the documents proved quite different: the Council of Ministers resolved the Fair with its resolution of 11 November of the previous year.
In February 1949 Malenkov left for Leningrad. Leningrad business comes to the peak of its activity and cruelty. Having held meetings of the bureau of the city committee and the regional committee, Malenkov presented there a decree according to which statesmen were accused of anti-Party activity and were removed from their posts. They arrested everyone. For a year, the prisoners were subjected to severe torture and interrogation. After that N. Voznesensky, J. Kapustin, P. Popkov, P. Lazutin, A. Kuznetsov, M. Rodionov were shot.
The Leningrad case, the case of doctors, after the first, clearly reflect the inconsistent policy of Stalin, who did everything to ensure that his power was untouchable. His anxiety, constant suspicion led to mass repression, most of which are unjustified. The Leningrad case was reviewed in 1954, and the persons involved in the trial were rehabilitated.