Ancient Suzdal does not leave anyone indifferent, before that it is beautiful and interesting with its sights. The city preserves the historical heritage of its ancestors. Suzdal began with earth fortifications and one cathedral.
Attraction: appearance and history
The Kremlin of Suzdal is now a museum. But first Vladimir Monomakh laid the temple of the Assumption. It was a powerful architectural structure made of bricks. It was painted by the best masters of Byzantium. The foundation was laid weak, the cathedral walls began to crumble, and Yury Dolgoruky ordered it to be completely dismantled. And soon in place of the old temple began to rise white stone cathedral with three helmet-shaped heads. For the central head a special pedestal was built, for small heads the eastern corners of the structure serve as a support. The cathedral was decorated with relief drawings, masks of female faces and carvings. In 1225 Bishop Simeon held a ceremony of lighting the cathedral. From that moment the Suzdal Kremlin began to bear the name of the Theotokos-Rozhdestvensky.
The Nativity Cathedral of the Suzdal Kremlin has its own necropolis. There are burials of princes Shuisky, Belsky and sons of Yury Dolgoruky. In the thirties, divine services ceased to be held in the cathedral.
One of the oldest buildings that make up the ensemble, located to the south of the cathedral, is the Cathedral bell tower. It has an element corresponding to the fortress towers - the roof above the cornice. From the end of the XVII century to the present time, the clock on the bell tower rings every hour and every quarter.
A unique building dating back to the XV-XVIII centuries - Bishops' Chambers, is surrounded by a stone wall and an earthen rampart. The structure includes residential and outbuildings. The most famous of these are the refectory chambers and the church. The first chambers look like a complex complex of buildings. This complex was conceived as an apartment house for the church lords of the city of Suzdal. It is in the wards that the museum is located.
The refectory of the Suzdal Kremlin is now working for its intended purpose. In the bottom there is a restaurant. It has a name, consonant with the architectural structure: "Refectory." This institution enjoys an incredible demand, although it is included in the category of expensive and prestigious. The restaurant was opened in 1998 with the aim of preserving the real traditional Russian cuisine. The interior is made in the style of Russian classics. The kitchen contains old recipes. The restaurant serves traditional Russian cuisine from game. Servants of the cult always preferred meat of wild boars, quail and pheasants.
Church of the Assumption
To the churches that have survived to the present times are Uspenskaya, Nikolskaya and Khristorozhdestvenskaya. Uspenskaya is a building of the Moscow Baroque style. St. Nicholas Church was transported to the Kremlin by Suzdal from the village, in which the ancestor of the dynasty of kings of the famous Romanov family was born. The largest and most interesting landmark of Suzdal is the Museum of Wooden Architecture. The museum is waiting for visitors daily, except Tuesday and Friday.
The wooden church of St. Nicholas is a sample of ancient temples. It is built of wooden log houses. Church of St. Nicholas is very beautiful, slim and golden. It fits perfectly into the general architectural ensemble. The church gave the name to the ancient Nikolsky gate, which is led to the bridge over the river Kamenka.
What is the reason for such attention given to this church?
The structure was erected only with the help of a carpenter's tool - an ax. The nails that are present in the fastened elements of the church are also wooden. In addition, the St. Nicholas Church has incredible beautiful architectural forms. Nearby, near the Kremlin, is the church of the Nativity of Christ. It is simple in architecture, it is a dwelling house in one floor. The church consists of a wooden frame and a regular gable roof.
The Suzdal Kremlin
Description of all expositions in it contains the history of the land of Suzdal. There are interesting exhibits, which are represented by objects of applied art and ancient Russian painting. The Kremlin of Suzdal is the center of the city, which is considered very ancient. And the oldest is the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin. The material used for its construction is a rough tuff.
But Vladimir Monomakh erected a temple in the wrong place. The Suzdal Kremlin is a peculiar core of the city, and it attracts many tourists not only from Russia, but also from abroad. And those who are looking for this landmark, pay attention to its outlines from afar.
What is included in the ensemble?
So, the architectural ensemble of the Suzdal Kremlin includes the following structures: the Nativity Cathedral, the Bishops' Chambers with the refectory of the Episcopal Church, the Cathedral Belltower, the Assumption Church, the Summer Church of St. Nicholas, the Nativity of Christ Church.
Many times the Suzdal Kremlin, whose photo is presented in the article, lost its importance and acquired it again. Sometimes built monasteries and temples near Suzdal took over the responsibility of the central core of the whole complex. Everything that is connected with the history and antiquity of Russian cities has always attracted the attention of archaeologists and historians. And in one of the oldest cities, so much has happened and will continue to happen, that it will simply not be possible to remain an outside observer.