The capital of the Crimea is Simferopol. This city is the center of the peninsula in all its senses - in geographical, in transport, in educational and economic. This is a fairly large city, but not worse than its Sevastopol - the second Crimean capital, cultural and tourist.
History of Simferopol
Last year, the city-collector, as it is also called, celebrated its 230th anniversary. The capital of the Crimea was born in this form, in which you can see it now. By order of Catherine the Great in 1780, in the very center of the so-called Tauride province , a city was built, right on the Salgir River, not far from the Ak-Mosque - the Tatar village. It is interesting that the capital of the Crimea is located on the site where Naples Scythian used to be. A little higher it was said that Simferopol is a city-collector. This name fully justifies itself, because in the capital lives a huge number of different nationalities. They are Russians, Armenians, Georgians, Crimean Tatars, Bulgarians, Jews and even a small percentage of Germans, Greeks and Moldovans.
Most of the population of Simferopol are students, and a considerable part of them are visitors. The capital of the peninsula Crimea in terms of education is very attractive for young people, since there are a large number of universities, and you can get almost any education, except for naval. The most popular educational institutions are the Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical University, TNU (which this year after the accession of the peninsula to the Russian Federation became known as KFU), the State Medical University, Agrarian, NAPKS and many others. I want to note that students come to the capital not only from nearby cities (Sevastopol, Yalta or Alushta), but also young people from other countries! For example, in the medical sector a fairly large number of students from America and India. Such success is due to the fact that they give a really good education.
Also, the capital of the Crimea - Simferopol - is a city with a well-developed transport connection, as it was said before. From here you can leave almost anywhere in Ukraine, Russia or Belarus, and any transport - whether it be a train or a bus. Of course, with the first now there are small problems, and the reason for this is the current political situation, but otherwise there are no issues. You can absolutely safely buy at the bus station ticket office ticket, say, Simferopol-Sochi, or go to Rostov-on-Don. In addition, there is a large airport. The overwhelming number of guests of the peninsula who came here to spend some unforgettable days on the Black Sea coast somewhere in Yalta, make a transfer in Simferopol, because there are no direct trains to the resort towns.
The cultural capital
Almost every country has two capitals. In Russia, this is Moscow and St. Petersburg, Germany - Berlin and Munich, Italy - Rome and Milan. There are two of them in the Crimea. The second, unofficial capital of Crimea is Sevastopol. Hero City, the city of Russian glory! It's hard to find a person who does not hear his name. Annually millions of tourists come to Sevastopol to enjoy its cultural heritage, to honor its attention to the legendary places and, of course, to sunbathe on the beaches and swim in the Black Sea.
There is everything that a sophisticated tourist can desire - places of entertainment, night clubs, restaurants, bars, a water park. And lovers of nature and picturesque places definitely will like Fiolent, who can argue for beauty with the Spanish coast, or a cozy Balaclava. Sevastopol is really the second capital of the Crimea. Although it should be noted that he is the title of a separate territorial object of the Russian Federation. Still need to know that this year, after joining the peninsula to Russia, Sevastopol was awarded the title of a city of federal significance, along with Moscow and St. Petersburg. By the way, it should be noted that it is much larger than Simferopol. Although at first glance it does not seem so. In fact, Sevastopol is more spacious and clean than Simferopol. In the main capital, everything is very compact, and due to this the city seems to megalopolis.
The Crimean Pearl
Sevastopol can be given such a name deservedly. And the proof of this is practically everything - millions of tourists, a huge number of visiting students wishing to obtain military or naval education (after all, in the hero city there are several prestigious universities of this direction, for example, Nakhimov Academy or SevNTU), developed infrastructure, well-groomed streets, Large shopping and entertainment centers, the beauty of nature and much more. But Simferopol is good in its own way. These are two completely different cities, but each of them is special and important for the entire peninsula. Perhaps that's why many people get confused and ask the question: "Which city is the capital of the Crimea, Sevastopol or Simferopol?"