Tachycardia is an extremely rapid heart rate (more than 90 beats / min). Separately it is worth noting that tachycardia is both a completely independent disease, and the manifestation of certain pathologies of the cardiovascular system.
Tachycardia: what is it?
Strangely enough, tachycardia can occur even in a completely healthy person. This happens, for example, with a strong physical load, with frequent stress and anxiety. In this case, rapid heart rate is associated with the release of adrenaline into the blood and, in principle, is considered the norm. But besides this, it can be a manifestation of certain diseases (pathology of the thyroid gland, pulmonary insufficiency).
What is dangerous for tachycardia? Experts explain that prolonged arrhythmia sooner or later can lead to the development of serious heart failure. With such frequent strokes, the heart simply wears out.
There are the following types of tachycardia:
- Sinus. It is a consequence of various external factors. It is necessary to treat exactly what tachycardia causes.
- Nadzheludochkovaya. It is noted both as an independent disease, and as a consequence of other pathologies. In this case, a frequent rhythm is formed at the level of the atria.
- Ventricular. The source of arrhythmia is located in the ventricles of the heart.
Tachycardia: what is it and what are the causes of its occurrence?
Experts can name a lot of reasons, because of which the heart beats more often. In general, the following are distinguished:
- physical exercise;
- The effect of toxins (nicotine, alcohol);
- Pathologies of the thyroid gland;
- Influence of some medicines;
- Various diseases of the blood and respiratory organs;
- Heart defects;
- Neurosis, severe depression.
Tachycardia: what is it and what is its symptomatology?
The disease is manifested by the fact that the contractions of the heart muscles become more frequent up to 100 beats / min. The heart rhythm remains normal. Allocate the following symptoms:
- Increased heart rate;
- General weakness;
- A sense of panic and lack of air.
Tachycardia: what is it and what is the treatment?
Quite often people simply do not pay attention to some alarming symptoms, writing off everything for the image and rhythm of life. So it may take a few years before an understanding of the seriousness of what is happening comes. Many, for the first time faced with the disease, do not know what to do. With tachycardia, you first need to see a cardiologist. Especially if there are frequent seizures.
The very treatment of heart palpitations is aimed at its elimination and improvement of the general well-being of the patient. With strongly expressed tachycardia with seizures, the question of surgical intervention, radiofrequency ablation, is often raised . This modern method of treatment allows you to get rid of arrhythmia and save money, because the purchase of expensive drugs is no longer necessary.
When ventricular tachycardia specialists try to clearly assess the risk of death of the patient. At high risk, cardiologists offer a cardioverter-defibrillator implantation. The device removes a tachycardia, and when the heart stops, a current discharge starts it. Statistics show that in 1/4 patients such a defibrillator worked more than once, thereby saving their lives.