Every gardener tries to grow healthy and healthy vegetables with his own hands. One of the most popular is a cucumber, which grows both in the open ground and in a greenhouse. Like all plants, culture requires constant care. Each summer resident and gardener buys seeds of cucumbers. How to sprout culture, know not all. To engage in this process, certain information is required.
The structure of seeds
Cucumbers refer to dicotyledons, they are arranged as many flowering plants . In the middle is the embryo, around which the endosperm and the protective membrane are located. In all plants, the ratio of the layers is different. Seeds are divided into starchy, oilseeds and protein species (categories vary depending on the nutritional reserve, depending on which one prevails). In each plant there are common features, for example, protein and fitin are found in all cultures. These components are very important for the growth phase. Phytin secretes phosphorus, which seeds feed on. In cereal grains a very large percentage of starch. Oilseeds are rich in fats. How to plant seeds of cucumbers, how to germinate corn? How to use soil, how much moisture do you need? Let's understand.
Preparation of planting material
For each process, a person must create favorable conditions. If you know how to properly germinate the seeds of cucumbers, then there will be almost one hundred percent germination of seedlings. Also, all plants will grow healthy and strong, and the harvest will be early.
Soaking and dressing of planting material
For obtaining healthy and strong seedlings, presowing soaking can be carried out. This is very effective, and also stimulates the growth of culture. There are several options for preparing a solution in which one kilogram of cucumber seeds will be soaked (the amount of substance per liter of water is indicated):
- 300 milligrams of methylene blue;
- 20 mg of boric acid or 7 mg of succinic acid;
- 2 g of zinc sulphate ;
- 5 g of soda (drinking).
Planting material should be soaked in the prepared liquid for a day. Then the seeds should be dried to the point of flowability, and only then sow. In addition to this procedure, experienced gardener also etch seeds. This is done in order to protect the planting material from diseases and pests. Etching seeds can be done in advance or immediately before sowing. For this procedure, use fentiuram (3 grams per 1 kilogram of grains) or TMTD (4 grams per kilogram).
The positive and negative aspects of germination
The pre-emergence period for the plant is very important, complex and dangerous. Because of this, the process of obtaining seedlings is preferably accelerated in different ways. That is why it is necessary to know well how and how to process the seeds of cucumbers, how to germinate culture. Indeed, thanks to this method, a person can select the best material (these plants will be the first to go through). Also sprouting stimulates cucumbers 100% germination: almost all of them appear simultaneously (with an interval of several hours). Thus, all seedlings require the same care, since the needs are the same.
Germination of seeds
Cucumber is a thermophilic plant, because the temperature regime for culture is very important. For germination is taken gauze or napkin, which will be soaked grain. The fabric is impregnated with a certain solution (how to make it, we considered above) and wrap the seeds in it. Then gauze or a napkin spread on a saucer, on top of which they put glass. This helps to preserve the moisture that cucumbers love very much.
It is always necessary to monitor the amount of water in the saucer, if necessary, add a liquid of room temperature. Without moisture, seeds can wither and become unsuitable for planting.
Cultivation of cucumbers
Heat-loving crops are often propagated not by seedling, but by seeds. With the correct preparation of planting material, the harvest of cucumbers can already be harvested in the middle of June. It is important to choose the appropriate cultivars tested by time: Graceful, Murom 36, Altai Early, Competitor, Zozulya, Manul, Cascade, Crystal and many others.