Yergin - this is the name of the white steppe mushroom, which is also called the "royal cherry". This is one of the most popular varieties; It can easily be grown at home. He is loved and honored by oriental culinary specialists and in some measure fills the culinary segment of our country. The taste qualities of the fungus are similar to the white fungus, and sometimes surpass them. These representatives of spore are not too demanding to the conditions of the environment, therefore they are suitable for growing even at home.
Having a product such as fungus eringa (photo) at hand, you can always supplement your culinary masterpieces with new ingredients or diversify the diet. Yerging, unlike the white fungus, is available at any time of the year when grown at home.
What is the use?
White steppe fungus is famous for its useful properties. Because many people say that this topic can be spoken endlessly. This is both a dietary and therapeutic product enriched with a complex of B vitamins and vitamin aqadetrim (D 2 ). Therefore, when you eat foods that contain fungus, there is no feeling of heaviness in the stomach. In addition, the beneficial properties of the product have a positive effect on the immunity and nervous system of a person.
High content of mineral substances positively affects the work of the body as a whole. Traditional medicine and cosmetology of the East can not do without the use of the fungus for medicinal purposes in the form of tinctures, extracts, mushrooms, masks.
White steppe mushroom and cooking
Culinary specialists speak of Ering, as an excellent product with a delicate and delicate aroma, somewhat reminiscent of cashew nuts. The fact that the fungus does not lose its useful properties even after heat treatment seems surprising.
Mushroom eringi perfectly complements broths, always good in fresh form in the composition of salads, main courses, side dishes. Steppe mushroom can be subjected to various methods of processing: drying, frying, cooking, stewing, grilling. Any dish, supplemented with such an ingredient, immediately filled with exquisite taste and rich aroma.
Mushroom cultivation at home
For the cultivation of fungi, tree species are used: stumps or large branches of trees with a diameter of at least 15 cm and intact bark. So the process of overgrowing mycelium will last longer, and the harvest of mushrooms will be more abundant. Resins contained in the bark of some tree species (for example, in cherry, apricot, steppe plum, etc.) slow down the growth process of the eringa. Coniferous tree species are generally not suitable for cultivation of the described fungus.
You can also grow oyster mushrooms on stumps, straw bales, in polyethylene bags, boxes with a substrate. This method of growing mushrooms in the wild is called extensive.
Grow fungus can be in specially equipped rooms with an adjustable microclimate, which causes rapid growth of the ing. Advantages of this method is the possibility of year-round harvesting, provided a properly organized process. For a year you can get up to 4 harvests. One full cycle from the moment of sowing mycelia to the collection of mushrooms takes 8-10 weeks. As a substrate, chopped straw is used for cereal crops: rye, rice, wheat, millet, oats.
Features of cultivation when using mycelium
When grown under natural conditions, it is customary to use a mycelium on sticks, which is introduced into the previously prepared perforated stump holes. These grooves are tightly closed with beeswax or plasticine. When carrying out such a procedure, it is important to ensure that, together with spores, foreign objects do not enter the hole: dust, earth, seeds, garbage.
The more the mycelia spores will be introduced, the sooner the log will overgrow, therefore, the earlier the fruiting of the fungus begins. Cultivation of such a culture is not difficult, but it has some peculiarities:
- Seed material should be purchased only in a specialized laboratory. It should be sold in a transparent package, be alive, characteristic color without color changes and with a moisture content of about 65%. Bright spots or blotches of mold should not be present.
- The growth of logs is carried out in the open air, in the basement or specially dug for such purposes a trench.
- During inoculation, it is important to maintain stable conditions: temperature and humidity, otherwise the mycelium may die.
As you can see, it is not so difficult to grow a fungus at home. The photos and descriptions presented in this article will help you understand how to grow a mushroom and take care of it properly. We hope this article has become useful to you, and the harvest of mushrooms will be generous.