Polyps in the nose: treatment and symptoms

Polyposis is a strong increase in the nasal mucosa. Many people are worried about the question: why does this disease occur and how to treat polyps in the nose?

Infectious process and allergic reactions damage cells of the mucous layer and cause their unlimited division. Long-term exposure to harmful factors of the urban environment, staying in dust and chemical pollution increases benign hyperplasia of the mucosa.

The course of the disease is affected by the anatomical features of the nasal septum and sinuses. As a rule, an inflammatory process is associated with the formation of purulent sinusitis. Breathing is difficult, patients are forced to sleep with an open mouth. Weighed the condition of patients joining bronchial asthma. With a deep germination of polyps, loss of smell and frequent headaches are possible. Runny nose in these patients is year-round, purulent discharge appears during seasonal exacerbation.

How to cure polyps in the nose?

A characteristic feature of chronic polyposis is the absence of the effect of using vasoconstrictive drops. In time diagnosed polyps in the nose, treatment with modern methods make the prognosis for the patient more favorable. Diagnosis of polyposis is based on patient complaints and visual examination. Often used endoscopic research methods, clearly showing the characteristic changes in the mucosa. Regular surveys help to track the dynamics of the pathological process and the effectiveness of the therapy.

Once polyps are found in the nose, treatment is possible with both conservative and surgical methods. Conservative treatment implies the exclusion of contacts with allergic factors. Conducted allergic tests will help speed up this process. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should be excluded from the destination list because of their ability to provoke polyps. Must be abolished aspirin, diclofenac, paracetamol. It is necessary to monitor the immune status of the body, at the first signs of an allergic reaction prescribe antihistamines. With a strong immune response, steroid drugs are prescribed. Purulent polyps in the nose, the treatment of which requires strong antibacterial drugs, should be accompanied by a long period of restorative therapy with the appointment of funds that replenish the intestinal microflora. Daily washings of the nasal cavity with saline water are recommended, with the addition of a moderate amount of iodine. Infusions of chamomile, ledum, celandine have a good antiseptic effect and contribute to the coagulation of the inflammatory process. Treatment with herbs should take a long time.

If the therapy is ineffective and complications are added, surgical treatment is indicated. In outpatient conditions, the removal of polyps is performed using a special loop. Unfortunately, this method will help get rid of only the visible part of the overgrown mucosa. When sprouting polyps in the maxillary sinus, its wall is opened with a special tool, a deep purification takes place. The most effective removal of polyps with a laser. The source of coherent radiation evaporates water from the hyperplastic mucosa. The operation is carried out in a short time, on an outpatient basis. Thanks to the use of a laser, the frequency of relapses and severe complications decreases. The wide use of endoscopic techniques allows you to dispense with wide incisions. This reduces the risk of secondary infection and shortens the postoperative period. Radically removed polyps in the nose, whose treatment was previously unsuccessfully carried out by conservative methods, may not appear again for a very long period.

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