Do you know how to take the drug "Picolaks"? Instructions for using this medication will be described later. Also we will tell you what kind of release this medicine has, what is included in its composition, what purposes it is prescribed for, whether it has side reactions and contraindications.
Composition, packaging of medicament and its form
Currently, the drug "Pikolaks" (the instruction is presented below) is issued in two different forms:
- Drops for oral administration. In 0.75% solution contains such an active element as sodium picosulfate. Also in the composition of the medicament are additional ingredients in the form of sorbitol, hydrochloric acid, purified water and sodium methylhydroxy benzoate. This form of the drug goes on sale in bottles of 15 or 30 ml.
- Tablets for oral administration. The active substance of the drug is also sodium picosulphate in terms of 100% anhydrous substance. In addition, the medication also contains such auxiliary elements as lactose monohydrate, pregelatinized starch and corn, silicon dioxide anhydrous colloidal and magnesium stearate. The considered form of the drug is produced in blisters packaged in a cardboard box.
Principle of action of the medicinal product
What is a "Picolax" medication? Instructions for use say that this is a laxative. If the drug gets inside, its active substance (sodium picosulfate) promotes beneficial effects on the large intestine. Under the influence of bacterial flora, the drug is cleaved, resulting in such an active form as free diphenol. After this, stimulation of the nerve endings of the intestinal mucosa occurs, which significantly enhances its motor function.
The intake of drops and tablets does not lead to spasms and ghosting of the intestine. The laxative effect is manifested after 6-12 hours.
In the treatment of infants, insufficient drug efficacy was noted. This is due to the fact that newborn babies have a small amount of bacterial flora, which produces sulfatase.
Indications for use
Why use the drug "Picolaks"? Instructions (drops and tablets should be taken strictly according to indications) states that this drug should be used in the following conditions:
- Atonic constipation, which are caused by a change in diet, the general severe condition of the patient, prolonged immobilization, metabolic disorders, fever and diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- Preparation for gynecological and surgical operations, as well as other instrumental research.
What other purposes can be prescribed a medicine "Pikolaks"? Instruction, expert reviews inform patients that the drug in question can be used to adjust the stool for cracks in the anus and hemorrhoids.
Contraindications for use
Does the drug "Pikolaks" have contraindications? Instruction for use indicates the following inhibitions of the drug in any form:
- Vomiting, obstructive ileus, nausea, abdominal pain of unknown origin and complicated by dehydration;
- Increased individual sensitivity of a person to a drug;
- Acute surgical pathology of the abdominal organs, as well as the period after the operation on the gastrointestinal tract;
- Lactation, pregnancy.
What other contraindications does the preparation "Picolaks" (drops) have? Instruction for use states that this form of the drug is not recommended for people with fructose intolerance. As for tablets, they are contraindicated for lactase deficiency, malabsorption of glucose-galactose and galactosemia. It should also be noted that this form is not recommended for children under 10 years of age.
It is necessary to observe extreme caution in the treatment of people who suffer from hypokalemia and hypermagnesemia, as well as elderly patients.
Medicinal product "Pikolaks": instruction
Drops of "Pikolaks" must be taken only in the evening. Children should be added to the food. To select a more accurate dose, you need to use a special dispenser on the vial.
The duration of therapy and dosage of the drug to young children should be determined only by the pediatrician, taking into account all the individual characteristics of the patient. As a rule, children between the ages of 4 and 10 years are prescribed an average daily dose of a medicine equal to 7-13 drops.
When treating a child under 4 years of age, the dosage is calculated using a special formula: 250 μg of medicine per kg of total body weight of the patient, that is, 2 drops of the drug for every 3 kg of the baby's weight. Multiplicity of admission is once a day.
For adults and adolescents from 10 years, medication is prescribed in an amount of 13-25 drops.
Oncological patients receiving opioid analgesics therapy, the dose of the medicine should be calculated by the attending physician. It is not recommended to take drops for more than 3 days in a row.
How should I use another form of the drug "Picolaks"? Instruction (tablets appoint people from 10 years old) says that it must be swallowed whole, washed down with plain water.
The medication is prescribed in the morning or evening time. The duration of therapy, as well as the dosage of tablets, should be determined only by the treating patient, taking into account all the characteristics of the patient.
For adults and adolescents from 10 years, appoint one tablet a day. If necessary, the dose is increased to 2 pieces per day. The course of treatment should last no longer than 10 consecutive days.
An overdose of a medicine
What are the symptoms when the "Picolax" is taken incorrectly? Tablets (instructions for the use of this form was presented above), as well as oral drops should be used in the recommended dosage. When taking high doses, patients may develop diarrhea, pain in the abdomen, reduce the level of potassium in the blood and other violations of the water-electrolyte balance. In addition, ischemia of the mucosa of the large intestine is not excluded.
When using high doses of medication for a long time, patients may experience intestinal colic, chronic diarrhea, impaired kidney function, hypokalemia, secondary hyperaldosteronism, metabolic acidosis and urolithiasis. In such cases, the affected person is prescribed gastric lavage, gives enterosorbent tablets and performs symptomatic treatment.
Does the side effect of the drug "Pikolaks" (drops)? Instruction for use says that this remedy is well tolerated by all patients. However, such side effects as diarrhea, indigestion, intestinal colic, vomiting, flatulence, nausea and pain in the anal area should not be ruled out.
In addition to the above, this medication can cause headaches, cramps, sleep problems, tremors, severe fatigue, allergic reactions and the like.
What else can you expect from a "Picolax" medication? The instruction indicates that prolonged use of this medication contributes to addiction, as well as the development of constipation. To avoid such deviations, the medication should be taken briefly or once.
Price and analogy
How much is the drug "Pikolaks" (pills)? Instructions for use do not answer the question posed. You can find out the price only in the pharmacy chain. You can buy such a medicine for 50-60 rubles. As for the drug in the form of drops, they are slightly more expensive (about 150 rubles).
How can I replace this medication? The most popular drugs with a similar effect are the following: "Guttalax", castor oil, "Bisacodyl", "Senade".
Reviews about the drug
Now you know how to use the drug "Picolaks". The instruction for its use is indicated above.
This drug is very popular among people of different age groups. It is successfully used in the treatment of constipation. Many people note the high effectiveness of the drug. According to them, drops and tablets "Pikolaks" are able to gently empty the intestines in a short period of time.
It should also be noted that very often this medication is used by patients who suffer from chronic digestive disorders. Unfortunately, they almost always experiment with the dosage, and also inject additional drugs. As a result of such treatment, patients often develop adverse reactions (eg, diarrhea). In this regard, experts recommend to abandon self-treatment and contact an experienced doctor.