It so happened that the subject of special pride and love of the gardener in temperate latitudes has long been considered fruit bearing apple tree. Particular respect is given to the varieties of late maturation, which are distinguished by excellent fruit-keeping and retaining all useful properties during the long winter months.
Apple Tree Northern Sinap: Variety Description
The culture of late maturation and the product of Russian selection is a strong-growing fruit tree with a wide-pyramidal crown. Absolutely corresponding to the name, this apple tree is grown in difficult climatic zones, famous for their difficult conditions, in particular such regions as the Volga region, Central Chernozemye, Eastern Siberia, although initially apples of this variety were grown in traditionally southern regions.
A characteristic feature for this variety is considered to be large main branches with a large number of fruiting shoots leaving them-lateral, thin, elbow-like and strong, covered with gray-brown bark. Dark green leaves of medium size have a traditional grayish shade and are markedly pubescent. Flowers are very large, with delicate pink petals.
A wonderful feature of this fruit crop is the excellent keeping quality of apples. They retain all the gustatory qualities and do not lose external appeal for 7-8 months from the moment they are deposited in a cool basement or refrigerator.
The taste and appearance of apples of the North Sinap variety is remarkable. Apple tree (reviews of gardeners confirm this) gives fruits of medium size, reaching 120-130 grams, round, slightly conical or cupped. Peel smooth, smooth, with long storage covered with natural wax, protecting the fruit from loss of moisture. The pouring apples are painted in greenish or yellowish tones, at the time of final ripening they are covered with a muffled-red blush, which first appears on the sides that are exposed to the sun's rays. Numerous light subcutaneous points on fruits are well marked.
It is noticed that fruits are especially beautiful when the summer is warm, and autumn - with very significant temperature changes, high daily and almost zero night. Therefore, an experienced gardener never rushes with harvesting, knowing that the unmelted apples removed from the tree not only will not taste good, but will not be stored, quickly fade. The Northern Sinap is an apple tree, the fruits of which are universal: they are equally successfully eaten fresh and processed into all sorts of desserts, drinks and canned food. The special aroma of winter apples gives home wine, and sauerkraut with them is a remarkable fortifying vitamin salad.
Characteristics of the Apple Tree North Sinap: dignities
Deduced a long time ago, culture does not lose its relevance today, with a number of unconditional advantages. In addition to the already mentioned ability to be stored for quite a long time, this northern apple has such qualities as:
• Fertility . The planted young plant develops so intensively that the first apples can become tied after 5-6 years. In apple trees grafted on a dwarfish rootstock, there was an improvement in the taste of fruits and their formation already for 2-3 years after planting;
• High level of winter hardiness.
• Average resistance to scab and other traditional diseases.
• Average drought resistance.
• High yield. With a 15-year-old tree, the harvest is reduced to 170 kg. Apple trees that crossed the 20-year boundary, reduce yields. The variety is not prone to fall fruit.
• Excellent taste of fragrant elegant apples.
Not only gardeners appreciate this variety. The Northern Sinap is an apple tree that provides breeders with unique opportunities to use it as a basis for the emergence of new varieties of apple trees. The northern synap is the ancestor of Sinap Orlovsky, Moscow winter, Moscow late and other varieties.
Disadvantages of the variety
The disadvantages of this fruit tree are few and very conventional. Among them are:
• Decrease in commercial qualities in those cases when crops are as high as possible.
• Unevenness of the fruit.
• Late maturation of apples.
If you can not change the time of fruiting of a variety by a person, then you can prevent the other two factors listed above. The fact is that the Northern Sinap is an apple tree that needs careful care - mandatory pruning, which ensures regular controlled fruit formation, as well as the ability to keep the crown of the tree in a normal state, allowing the fruit to be filled to receive enough sunlight. Thus, it will be possible to avoid grinding fruits and loss of commercial qualities. The basis of good and, importantly, fast yields - the correct planting and reasonable care for a young plant. Let's talk about the necessary agrotechnical techniques that stimulate a good tree growth.
Preparing the seat
Harvest depends on many conditions. Despite the fact that the Northern Sinap is an apple tree that is considered undemanding, it reacts vividly to all unfavorable moments. Therefore, it is important to take into account all of its preferences: maximum protection from penetrating through winds and the absence of close proximity of groundwater. Light and medium loamy soils with a neutral reaction are the most suitable soils for a crop such as the Northern Synapse. Apple tree, (reviews of gardeners confirm) does not tolerate heavy moist soils, markedly slows growth and refuses to tie fruit.
Plant trees with an interval of 4-5 m. The size of the planting holes depends on the size of the seedling, but usually they are not less than the parameters 0.6 * 0.7. In the center of the pit, a strong support is placed in the young plant and is filled with an earth mixture from the upper fertile layer, humus and 50 gr. Superphosphate and potassium sulfate.
Before planting, the seedling is carefully examined, removing rotten fragments of roots. The plant is located in the pit from the north of the hammered cola. The roots are straightened and, pouring the soil, gradually fill the pit. The root neck of the seedling should be 4-5 cm from the ground, it is by no means covered. The soil in the trunk circle is compacted, a small roller is arranged around the tree to hold water during irrigation. After planting, the tree is well watered, the rootstock is mulched with humus, wood chips or plant debris. Seedling loosely tied to the cola with a soft twine.
The fruition of each culture depends on competent care. Nor is the Northern Sinap. The apple tree, the description of which is proposed, should be provided with the necessary fertilizing, water, etc. The soil of the trunks is periodically loosened and weeded. In the years, especially generous for the harvest, care is taken to protect the trees from the fractures of the branches under the weight of the pouring apples. For this purpose, strong support slings are used.
Top dressing and watering
The fertilizer introduced during planting suffices a young tree for 2-3 years, then the plant needs fertilizing, the amount is calculated depending on the structure of the soil and the degree of its fertility. The northern synapsis requires regular watering, of course, with orientation to weather conditions.
Forming and trimming
The apple tree should be shaped. This mandatory operation is carried out annually and pursues the following objectives:
• eliminate the thickening of the crown, leading to a decrease in yield and fruit grinding;
• prevent branch faults;
• Rejuvenate the tree, increasing the yield of fruits.
Most often, apple trees are given a classic sparse-tiered form, traditional for podvye crops. Just form the Northern Sinapus. The apple tree, the description of which is given in the publication, is formed by tiers consisting of several skeletal branches located from each other in 0,3-0,5 m. Begin these works from the first spring after planting.
Excellent taste of fruits, yield and early fertility are characteristic for a culture such as the apple tree Northern Sinap. Today you can buy seedlings from many manufacturers.