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List of literary tales. Features of author's creativity

Literary fairy tale as a genre, of course, is a full and full-blooded direction of literature. It seems that the demand for these works will never be exhausted, they will always and always be in demand by children and adults of all ages. Today this genre is universal, as never before. Literary fairy tales and their authors are popular, although there are certain failures. There is still a connection with folklore, but modern realities and details are also used. The list of literary tales is great enough. Trying to designate only the most-most, you can write more than one sheet of paper. But still try to do it in this article.

Features of the literary tale

What is it different from folklore, folk. Well, firstly, the fact that she has a specific author, writer or poet (if it is in verse). And folklore, as we know, involves collective creativity. Features of the literary tale is that it combines the principles of both folklore and literature. It is possible and so to say: this is the next stage of the evolution of folklore. After all, many authors retell well-known stories of fairy tales, considered folk, using the same characters. And sometimes they come up with new original characters and talk about their adventures. Original name can be. Literary fairy tales are invented by hundreds, but all have a specific authorship and a pronounced authorial position.

A bit of history

Turning to the origins of the author's fairy tale, it is possible to note conditionally the Egyptian "On the Two Brothers", recorded back in the 13th century before the birth of Christ. Also recall the Greek epic "Iliad" and "Odyssey", the authorship of which is attributed to Homer. And in the Middle Ages, church parables are nothing more than a semblance of a literary tale. During the Renaissance, a list of literary tales would probably represent a collection of short stories by well-known writers.

Further development of the genre was received in 17-18 centuries in European tales by S. Perrault and A. Gallan, Russian - M. Chulkov. And in 19-th a whole galaxy of brilliant authors in different countries uses a literary tale. European - Hoffman, Andersen, for example. Russian - Zhukovsky, Pushkin, Gogol, Tolstoy, Leskov. The list of literary tales in the 20th century is expanded by A. Tolstoy, A. Lindgren, A. Milne, K. Chukovsky, B. Zakhoder, S. Marshak and many other equally well-known authors.

Fairy tales of Pushkin

The concept of "literary author's fairy tale", perhaps best illustrates the work of Alexander Pushkin. In principle, these works: fairy tales "About Tsar Saltan", "About the Fisherman and the Fish", "About the Priest and His Worker Balde", "About the Golden Cockerel", "About the Dead Princess and the Seven Knights" - were not planned to represent the children's audience . However, due to the circumstances and talent of the author were soon in the list for reading to children. Bright images, well-memorable lines of poetry put these tales in the category of unconditional genre classics. However, few know that Pushkin used folk tales as the basis for the stories of his works, such as "The Greedy Old Woman", "Batrak Shabarsh", "The Tale of Wonderful Children". And in the people's creative work, the poet saw an inexhaustible source of images and fable.

List of literary tales

You can talk for a long time about the originality of retellings and rework. But in this regard, it will be best to recall Tolstoy's famous tale "Buratino", which the author "copied" from the Collodion Pinocchio. Carlo Collodi himself, in turn, used the folk image of a wooden street theater doll. But "Pinocchio" is a completely different, author's tale. In many respects, according to some critics, it surpassed the original in terms of its literary and artistic value, at least for the Russian-speaking reader.

From the original literary tales, where the characters were invented by the author himself, two stories about Winnie the Pooh living with his friends in the Staac forest can be identified. Created in the works of a magical and optimistic atmosphere, the characters of the inhabitants of the Forest, their characters amaze with their unusual. Although here, in terms of the organization of the narrative, a technique previously used by Kipling was used.

Interesting in this context is Astrid Lindgren's fairy tales about the fun flying Carlson living on the roof, and Baby, who becomes his friend.

The screen version of literary tales

It should be noted, literary tales - a fertile and inexhaustible material for screen versions, art and "cartoon". What is only a screen version of the cycle of tales of John Tolkien (Tolkien) about the adventures of the hobbit Baggins (in one of the first translations into Russian - Sumkins). Or the world famous epic about young wizards and Harry Potter! And cartoons do not have numbers. Then you and Carlson, and the Wizard of the Emerald City, and other heroes, familiar to all from childhood characters of literary tales.

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