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International shipping and law

International sea transport is a process that is a serious problem in the development of international economic relations. Sea transport has a specific specificity already in the sense that its activities are of an international nature. International sea transport provides foreign trade relations between different countries. They employ almost 100% of the world fleet. World foreign trade by 80% is international transportation by sea.

Improvement of maritime legislation

A distinctive feature of the development of maritime transport these days is the growing participation of developing countries in them. The share of trade in goods has significantly increased.

Today, the rules of international maritime legislation are being improved, because this is a relatively young legal industry. It has quite a serious significance, as the World Ocean plays a leading role in trade. Under the articles of international maritime legislation are also international maritime transport.

The Battle for the World Ocean

The world ocean is a huge transport highway on our planet, which carries the lion's share of the exported goods from around the world. Therefore, almost everyone wants to subordinate to their own interests. For many years the sea has remained both an object and a territory of numerous conflicts and bloody battles. Even in our time, water is often used by some countries to prepare for armed clashes. For the peaceful settlement of contentious issues, international maritime law is necessary .

As international maritime transport is growing steadily, this fairly new branch of law is of great importance. However, legal norms often change because of the unstable political and economic situation.
As soon as trade and navigation began to be of an interstate nature, various countries linked each other, there was a need to regulate maritime relations.

History of maritime law

International shipping of cargo initially created rules that dealt with the order of cargo transportation, the hiring of vessels, the use of port quays, and the distribution of damage in the event of a shipwreck. The more the share of sea trade increased, the more the number of these norms increased. Gradually, they transformed into codes of unwritten rules. They became customary, so they were observed by both merchants and seafarers. Over time, treaties appeared between the powers that could allow or prohibit foreign vessels from sailing in coastal waters or land on land.

What norms regulate sea transportations

Today, the most difficult legal issues relate to sea freight traffic. This is due to the diversity of the relations in this sphere, as well as to the different nature of the sources of legal regulation. This can be not only the norms of domestic legislation or conventions, but also maritime, both national and international customs.

In our time there is no special international sea transport intended only for international sea freight traffic. Such transportations are carried out by national transport of individual countries.

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