Injections for osteochondrosis of the lumbar region: names, instructions for use

Exacerbation of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine causes severe pain. Therefore, treatment with this condition should be comprehensive. First of all, it is necessary to remove the pain syndrome, because in some cases the patient can not even move. In addition, it is very important to release the nerve roots and blood vessels, compressed due to spasm of muscles and deformation of the vertebral discs. In many cases, the most effective option to help cope with this problem are injections. With osteochondrosis of the lumbar region, they are used most often, since the pain in this place is usually the strongest. The main feature of such treatment is that it should be prescribed by a doctor, and it is necessary to do injections in a medical institution.

Features of osteochondrosis of the lumbar region

Because of a sedentary lifestyle, excess weight and malnutrition, deformation of the cartilaginous and bony tissues of the spine is gradually occurring. Especially the lumbar region is affected. The vertebrae in this place of the spine are the largest and most powerful, the distance between them is small. Therefore, even with a small degree of destruction of the disc or the body of the vertebra, severe pain occurs. There are many nerve endings in the lumbar region. And the presence of a sciatic nerve leads to the fact that often the pain becomes unbearable and is given to the feet. Therefore, for many, the assignment of injections becomes a salvation.

Advantages of such treatment

Injections with osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine are the most effective and quickest way to relieve the patient's condition. In comparison with the use of tablets, ointments and other methods of injection have several advantages:

  • They act quickly, because the medicine goes directly to the blood, it does not need to be absorbed in the stomach for a while;
  • Injections are much more effective, because they do not pass through the digestive tract and are not exposed to the action of gastric juice, because of which tablets often reduce their effectiveness;
  • When injecting drugs, it is easier to calculate their exact dosage;
  • Do not irritate the digestive system, like most drugs in tablets.

Disadvantages of injections

But not always prescribe such treatment for osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine. The injections can have disadvantages:

  • Long-term use of this method is highly traumatic, since abscesses or cones can develop at the injection site;
  • The treatment of osteochondrosis takes a long time, and medical workers should do the injections, but not everyone has the opportunity to visit the medical facility so often;
  • Drugs administered intravenously or intramuscularly act quickly, but for a short time, and much more often cause systemic side effects.

Types of injections

Depending on the type of drug chosen and the purpose of their use, various methods of administering drug solutions are practiced.

  • In most cases, injections with osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine are done intramuscularly. This allows you to quickly penetrate the drug into the bloodstream and provide the necessary action.
  • With severe pain, intravenous injections are done. Their effect is almost instantaneous, so such injections are resorted to in emergency cases.
  • For the treatment of chronic osteochondrosis, vitamins are often prescribed, which are best absorbed by subcutaneous injection.
  • In the conditions of a medical institution, sometimes severe pains are stopped with the help of a drug blockade. The introduction of leukartstva in the place of exit of nerve endings or between vertebrae allows to relieve pain in case of severe attack of osteochondrosis.

The main groups of drugs

The choice of a medicine depends on the general condition of the patient, the intensity of the pain syndrome, the presence of contraindications and the characteristics of the disease. Usually, complex treatment is prescribed, except for injections, these are tablets, ointments, physiotherapy procedures. For injections, several groups of drugs are often used. Which injections help with osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine are best?

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics and antispasmodics. These drugs quickly enter the bloodstream and block the signals of nerve cells. They relieve inflammation, muscle spasm, thereby releasing the nerve roots. Therefore, drugs from this group are most often used for emergency help to the patient.
  • Chondroprotectors help restore cartilaginous tissue. The use of such drugs prevents further destruction of the discs and vertebrae, and also returns the mobility of the spine.
  • Vitamin preparations restore blood circulation and metabolic processes in tissues. Most often with osteochondrosis apply vitamins of group B.
  • Homeopathic remedies are used quite rarely, as not everyone trusts them. But they are the safest way to stop the destruction of the spinal tissues.

Anesthetizing injections

Most often, an injection of drugs is needed to stop a pain attack. Anesthetizing injections for osteochondrosis should relieve inflammation, muscle spasm and reduce pain. For this, different drugs are used.

  • The drugs of the group of analgesics are most affordable and effectively relieve pain. Most often with osteochondrosis apply "Analgin" (costs about 50 rubles) or "Baralgin" - 120-130 rubles. They stop pain receptors, facilitating the patient's condition.
  • For the treatment to be more effective, analgesics are used together with antispasmodics. They relax the muscles, removing pain because of their spasm. The most inexpensive are "Tizanidin" and "Tizalud", which cost 120-140 rubles. Also applied are "Baklosan" (250 rubles) and "No-Shpa" (200 rubles). A more expensive drug, but considered to be the most effective, is "Midokalm", costs about 400 rubles.

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs not only relieve pain, but also reduce the inflammatory process. Therefore, these are the most effective injections for osteochondrosis. The reviews note that the best drugs are Ketonal, Diclofenac, Voltaren and Movalis. They cost all about 250 rubles.

"Milgamma" (nyxes): instructions for use

The price of this drug is 400-500 rubles for 10 ampoules. But "Milgamma" is now considered the most effective remedy for osteochondrosis. This is a new combination drug. In addition to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory components, it includes vitamins of group B. It helps to remove swelling of soft tissues and restore blood circulation. Therefore, in recent years, the drug "Milgamma" (injections) has been increasingly prescribed for patients with osteochondrosis. Instructions for use, price and numerous positive reviews of patients - everything speaks about the effectiveness of this drug. He not only relieves pain and inflammation, but also restores metabolic processes in tissues, calms and normalizes the general well-being of the patient.

Injections "Kombilipen": instructions for use

The price of this drug is about 200 rubles, which is almost twice cheaper than the "Milgrammy". But they are almost identical in composition and efficiency. "Kombilipen" is also a complex of B vitamins and lidocaine. Therefore, it has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and soothing effect. When osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is often prescribed injections "Kombilipen". Instructions for use, price and reviews characterize the drug as inexpensive and effective. He helped many to get rid of bouts of pain and restore the mobility of the spine.

What to do in case of a severe pain attack

Often with osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, the pain is so strong that the patients lose consciousness. With such an attack, the patient must be taken to a medical facility. An attack of pain there is most often removed with the help of a drug blockade. These are injections of anesthetic that are made around the affected area. They temporarily turn off the nerve impulses from the sore spot. This method instantly relieves pain and muscle spasms.

Most often, blockades are made with Novokain or Lidocaine. To enhance the effect, they can be mixed with "Hydrocortisone" or "Prednisolone." This method of relieving pain is very effective, because the effect of the injection comes almost instantaneously and lasts for several hours. But these injections can only be performed by medical personnel, since there is a high risk of infection or damage to the spine.

In case of severe pain in hospitals, the Boyko mixture for intramuscular injections is also used. This combination of several drugs: "Diphenhydramine", "Analgin", "Novocaine" and vitamin B 12 . Sometimes "Novocain" is replaced with "Papaverin" or "No-Shpoy." All drugs are typed in a single syringe and administered intramuscularly. Thanks to this composition, the Boyko mixture has an anti-inflammatory, analgesic and soothing effect. Despite the rapid effect and low cost of drugs, such treatment is carried out only in emergency cases.

Rehabilitation treatment

After the removal of an attack of acute pain, restorative treatment of the spine continues. Most often, chondroprotectors are used for this. These are preparations containing glucosamine, which is obtained from the bone marrow of fish and animals, chondroitin and hyaluronic acid. Such injections with osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine are used for a long time - 1-1.5 months. All chondroprotectors are quite expensive - they cost from 250 to 450 rubles. But they restore mobility of the spine, prevent the destruction of discs, relieve pain. Most often appoint "Aflutop", "Don" or "Rumalon".

Vitamin preparations for osteochondrosis are used both in an acute period, and to restore the mobility of the spine. The injections are done mostly subcutaneously or intramuscularly. The most effective are injections of vitamins B 1 , B 2 , B 6 and B 12 .

Often with osteochondrosis, homeopathic remedies are also used. They have perfectly proven themselves for relieving pain and inflammation, restoring cartilage and metabolic processes in the tissues of the spine. The most effective are "Traumeel", "Target T" and "Coenzyme".

The injections at an osteochondrosis of a lumbar department of a backbone are the best means to remove a pain and to restore blood circulation in fabrics. But it is unacceptable to apply them yourself. Only a doctor can choose the right drug and its dosage.

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